Muscular System: Abnormalities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Muscular System: Abnormalities Deck (39):
1

Dyskinesia

Distortion or impairment of voluntary movement, as in a tic, spasm, or myoclonus

2

Hypertonia

A condition of excessive tone of skeletal muscles with increased resistance of muscle to passive stretching

3

Paraplegia

The paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body

4

Ataxia

The inability to coordinate the muscles in the execution of voluntary movement

5

Fascioplasty

The surgical repair of the fascia

6

Atrophy

Weakness and wasting away caused by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time

7

Fasciorrhapy

The suturing of lacerated fascia

8

Bradykinesia

Extreme slowness in movement

9

Hemiplegia

Total paralysis of one side of the body

10

Contracture

Abnormal shortening of muscle tissues making the muscle resistant to stretching

11

Hyperkinesia

Abnormally increased motor function or activity

12

Dystaxia

Difficulty in controlling voluntary movement

13

Hypokinesia

Abnormally decreased motor function or activity

14

Fasciectomy

The surgical removal of a fascia

15

Hypotonia

A condition of diminished tone of the skeletal muscles with decreased resistance of muscle to passive stretching

16

Myalgia

Muscle tenderness or pain

17

Myosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of muscle tissue

18

Myocele

The protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia

19

Myotonia

The delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction

20

Myomalacia

Abnormal softening of muscle tissue

21

Quadriplegia

The paralysis of all four extremities

22

Myonecrosis

The death of individual muscle fibers

23

Singultus

Also known as hiccups

24

Myorrhapy

To suture a muscle wound

25

Tenodesis

To suture the end of a tendon or bone

26

Myorrhexis

The rupture of a muscle

27

Tenolysis

To free a tendon from adhesions

28

Myoclonus

A spasm or twitching of a muscle or group of muscles

29

Syndactyly disorder

-Some or all fingers are united
-Affects bilaterally
-No known prevention

30

Polydactyly

-Have extra phalanges appear
-Characterized by I-V
-Requires surgery to fix but isn't life affecting if not fixed

31

Anklosing spondylitis

-Inflammatory arthritis

32

Anklosing spondylitis affects:

-Spine
-Large joints
-Entheses (where ligaments attach to bone)
-Shoulders
-Ribs
-Hips
-Knees
-Feet

33

Carpal Tunnel

-When the carpal tunnel inside the wrist swells and compresses the median nerve
-Causes numbness and weakness in the hand/wrist
-RICE to treat and surgery if severe

34

Genu Verum

"Bow legs"
Exaggerated bending outward of the legs from the knees down that causes bow legs when feet are together

35

Gout

Arthritis that usually affects the big toe that has burning pain, stiffness, and swelling of a joint comes from eating Purine rich foods too much

36

Legg-Calves Perthes Disease

-The femoral head doesn't get enough blood and the bone dies
-Treated with special crutches and casts, tenotomy, and a osteotomy

37

Hammertoe

-Bonding of one or both joints of the second-fifth toes
-Caused by unnatural pressure on the toes or calluses, bunions, and corns

38

Bunions

Unnatural, bony bump that forms at the base of the big to where it attaches to the foot, the big toe pushes outward on the 1st metatarsal bone forming a bunion

39

Bunionettes/tailors bunions

Bunions that occurs in the outside of the pinky toe