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Flashcards in Integumentary Deck (106):
1

Purpose of sebaceous gland

Sweat gland; lubrication and inhibition of bacteria growth

2

Purpose of sudoriferous gland

Temperature control

3

Four senses of the skin

Touch, pressure, temperature, and pain

4

How does the skin cool the body down?

When the blood vessels in the skin dilate, it releases heat and when it constricts it holds heat

5

What does the sebaceous gland secrete?

Salt
Excess water
Waste through sweat

6

Layers of the skin

Epidermal layer
Dermal layer
Subcutaneous layer

7

Which skin layer cushions and controls the temperature?

Subcutaneous layer

8

Where are the glands located?

In the dermis

9

Eccrine glands

Sudoriferous glands located all over the body

10

Appocrine glands

Sudoriferous glands located in axilla and genitals

11

Keratin

Dead protein that makes up hair

12

Root

Special cells at base of hair

13

Follicle

Sac that holds hair

14

Arrector pili

Involuntary muscle attached to that caused goose bumps when contracted

15

Nails

Keratin plate that covers dorsal surface of philanges

16

Melanin

Brownish black pigment

17

Carotene

Yellowish pigment

18

Albino

Absence of pigmentation, due to the melanocytes being able to produce

19

Erythema

Reddish color of skin

20

Jaundice

Yellowish discoloration of skin due to bile in bloodstream

21

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of skin due to the lack of oxygen

22

Macules

Flat spots on skin

23

Biopsy

Removal of part of affected skin for testing

24

Types of biopsy

Needle and punch

25

Excision

Cut out surgically

26

Exfoliative cytology

Alternative to biopsy

27

Parts of fingernail

Paronychium
Lunula
Eponychium
Hyponychium
Nail bed
Nail matrix
Nail root

28

Adipo

Fat

29

Auto

Self

30

Cero

Wax

31

Chromo

Color

32

Cryo

Cold

33

Cyto

Cell

34

Cutaneo

Skin

35

Dermo

Skin

36

Diaphro

Sweat

37

Hidro

Sweat

38

Histo

Tissue

39

Icthyo

Fish

40

Kerato

Cornea
Horny tissue

41

Lipo

Fat

42

Myco

Fungus

43

Necro

Death

44

Onchyo

Nail

45

Papulo

Pimple

46

Patho

Disease

47

Pilo

Hair

48

Pyo

Pus

49

Rhytido

Wrinkle

50

Sclero

Hardening

51

Sebo

Oil

52

Squamo

Epidermal scale

53

Sudor

Sweat

54

Tricho

Hair

55

Unguo

Nail

56

Vesiculo

Vessel

57

Xero

Dry skin

58

Structures of the integumentary system

Skin
Hair
Nails
Glands(Sudoriferous and Sebaceous)

59

Callus

Hard, thick layer of skin due to pressure or friction

60

Onchomycosis

Fungal infection of the nail

61

Dermatophytosis

Ring worm; superficial fungus infection

62

Herpes zoster

Shingles; reactivation of the varicella virus

63

Melanoma

Most serious types of skin cancer affecting the melanocytes

64

Verrucae

Painful, contagious wart in the sole of the foot; plantar wart

65

Carbuncle

Infection of the hair follicle

66

Pediculosis

Head lice

67

Decubitus Ulcer

Open wound on the skin, occurs in boney areas; bed sore

68

Vitiligo

Pigment loss in patches on the skin, appears whitish in color

69

Alopecia

Hair loss

70

Impetigo

Contagious pyoderma (yellow crust) from staph areus

71

Burn

Injury to skin caused by contact with thermal, radioactive, chemical or electrical agent

72

Lupus

Autoimmune disease

73

Necrotizing fasciitis

"Flesh eating disease" when there's inflammation of the faciae and as a result, there's rapid death in the tissue of surrounding organs

74

Acne

Hair follicles plug with oil

75

Contusion

Bruise; hemorrhage of unbroken skin

76

Xeroderma

Extremely dry, hard, and scaly skin

77

Pacyderma/Elephantiasis

Thick skin

78

Abrasion

Area of the skin damaged by scraping or friction

79

Psoriasis

Dry patches of skin (chronic condition)

80

Hemangioma

Reddish purple tumor compose of a mass of blood vessels

81

Keloid

Irregular fibrous formed at the sight of scar/injury

82

Furuncle/boil

Localized pyogenic infection originating deep in a hair follicle

83

Hirsutism

Excessive body hair typical in women

84

Roscea

Hyper pigmentation occur in in forehead and temple

85

Rhinophyma

Large, bulbous, ruddy nose commonly caused by untreated roscea

86

Seborrhea

Excessive sebum secretion

87

Varicella

Chicken pox; itchy rash on skin identified by fever and eruption of red blisters

88

Verrucae

Painful, contagious wart on the sole of the foot; plantar wart

89

Chloasma

Brown patches on the skin

90

Second-degree burn

Burn that is characterized by pain, blisters, edema, and slow recovery

91

List of epidermal layer from deep to superficial:

Stratum basale, stratum granulosum, and stratum corneum

92

Purpose of melanin

Protection from UV rays

93

Three factors affecting skin color

Genetics, environment, and physiology

94

Stratum lucidum

A clear layer located in the palms and soles of the feet

95

Hyperplasia

Excessive cell growth

96

Atopy

Genetically determined

97

Why is the skin considered an organ?

It is composed of two or more types of tissue

98

Stratum corneum

Skin's outermost layer that's completely keratinized

99

Exudative

Leaking out the skin

100

Actinic keratosis

Premalignant warty lesion on the skin that results from chronic exposure to sunlight, a sebaceous gland

101

Calvus

"Corn" on the feet

102

Pruritus

Itching

103

Crusts

Hard covering on the skin that result when exudate dries on the skin

104

Onychia

Inflammation of the bail matrix

105

Lipoma

Fatty benign tumor

106

Autoimmune disorder

Make immune system attack the body