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Flashcards in Integumentary Deck (106)
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1

Purpose of sebaceous gland

Sweat gland; lubrication and inhibition of bacteria growth

2

Purpose of sudoriferous gland

Temperature control

3

Four senses of the skin

Touch, pressure, temperature, and pain

4

How does the skin cool the body down?

When the blood vessels in the skin dilate, it releases heat and when it constricts it holds heat

5

What does the sebaceous gland secrete?

Salt
Excess water
Waste through sweat

6

Layers of the skin

Epidermal layer
Dermal layer
Subcutaneous layer

7

Which skin layer cushions and controls the temperature?

Subcutaneous layer

8

Where are the glands located?

In the dermis

9

Eccrine glands

Sudoriferous glands located all over the body

10

Appocrine glands

Sudoriferous glands located in axilla and genitals

11

Keratin

Dead protein that makes up hair

12

Root

Special cells at base of hair

13

Follicle

Sac that holds hair

14

Arrector pili

Involuntary muscle attached to that caused goose bumps when contracted

15

Nails

Keratin plate that covers dorsal surface of philanges

16

Melanin

Brownish black pigment

17

Carotene

Yellowish pigment

18

Albino

Absence of pigmentation, due to the melanocytes being able to produce

19

Erythema

Reddish color of skin

20

Jaundice

Yellowish discoloration of skin due to bile in bloodstream

21

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of skin due to the lack of oxygen

22

Macules

Flat spots on skin

23

Biopsy

Removal of part of affected skin for testing

24

Types of biopsy

Needle and punch

25

Excision

Cut out surgically

26

Exfoliative cytology

Alternative to biopsy

27

Parts of fingernail

Paronychium
Lunula
Eponychium
Hyponychium
Nail bed
Nail matrix
Nail root

28

Adipo

Fat

29

Auto

Self

30

Cero

Wax