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Flashcards in Vocab (All year) Deck (277):
1

What does NICE DR MISER stand for?

Nervous System
Integumentary System
Cardiovascular System
Endocrine System

Digestive System
Respiratory System

Muscular System
Immune System
Skeletal System
Excretory System
Reproductive System

2

Xantho
Cirrho
Luteo

Yellow

3

Mono
Uni

One

4

Prim

First

5

Hemi

Half

6

Semi

Partial

7

Bi
Di

Two

8

Diplo

Double

9

Tri

Three

10

Quadri
Tetra

Four

11

Multi
Poly

More than one

12

Nulli

None

13

Negative prefixes

An
Anti
Contra
De
Dis
In
Non
Un

14

Equi

Equal

15

Eu

Good or well

16

Hetero

Other
Different
Opposite

17

Homo

Same
Alike

18

Iso

Equal
Like

19

Macro

Large
Long

20

Mega

Large
Oversized

21

Micro

Small

22

Neo

New
Recent

23

Trans

Pertaining to across the _________

24

Chrom
Chrome
Chromato
Chromo

Color

25

Cyano

Blue

26

Erythro
Rubeo

Red

27

Melano

Black

28

Leuko
alb
albumino

White

29

Purpuro

Purple

30

Xantho
Cirrho
Luteo

Yellow

31

Mono
Uni

One

32

Prim

First

33

Hemi

Half

34

Semi

Partial

35

Bi
Di

Two

36

Diplo

Double

37

Tri

Three

38

Quadri
Tetra

Four

39

Multi
Poly

More than one

40

Nulli

None

41

Negative prefixes

An
Anti
Contra
De
Dis
In
Non
Un

42

Equi

Equal

43

Eu

Good or well

44

Hetero

Other
Different
Opposite

45

Homo

Same
Alike

46

Iso

Equal
Like

47

Macro

Large
Long

48

Mega

Large
Oversized

49

Micro

Small

50

Ortho

Straight
Regular

51

Pseudo

False

52

Re

Again
Backwards

53

Hyper

Over
Beyond

54

Hypo

Deficient
Below normal

55

Olig

Few
A little

56

Pan

All
Entire

57

Super

Over
Above
Higher than

58

Ultra

Beyond
Excess
Exaggeration

59

Systolic

Top number on Blood Pressure fraction

60

Diastolic

Bottom number on blood pressure fraction

61

Ambi

Both
Around

62

Ante

Before

63

Pre

Early
Before

64

Pro

Forward

65

Post

After
Behind
Posterior

66

Dorso

Back

67

Dextr/o

Right
Toward
Right side

68

Sinistr/o

Left
Towards the left

69

Ec
Ecto

Outer
Outside

70

Ex

Out of
From
Away from

71

Endo

Within
Inner
Absorbing
Containing

72

Later/o

Lateral
To one side

73

Mes
Meso

Middle
Mean
Intermediate

74

Mid
Medi

Middle

75

Syn
Sym

Together
With
Joined

76

Cephal

Head

77

Caud

Bottom

78

Brady

Slow

79

Tachy

Rapid
Quick

80

Inter

Among
Between

81

Intra

Inside
Within
Opposite of extra

82

Retro

Backwards
Behind

83

Centi
Hect
Hecto

100

84

Dec
Deca

10

85

Deci

1/10

86

Giga

Billion

87

Nano

None
Small

88

Kilo
Milli

1,000

89

Meg
Mega

Large
Huge

90

Micro

Small

91

Cyst/o

Bladder
Fluid filled sack

92

Dys

Painful
Difficult

93

Cry
Cryo

Cold

94

Hydro

Water

95

Mnemonic for metric

King (Kilo)
Henry (Hecto)
Died (Deca)
Unexpectedly (Unit:Gram, Meter, and Liter)
Drinking (Deci)
Chocolate (Centi)
Milk (Milli)

96

Stomato

Mouth

97

Dento

Teeth

98

Gloss/o
Lingu/o

Tongue

99

Gingiv/o

Gums

100

Encephalo

Brain

101

Gastro

Stomach

102

Entero

Intestine

103

Colo

Large intestine
Colon

104

Procto

Anus
Rectum

105

Hepato

Liver

106

Nephro
Rene

Kidney

107

Orchido

Testis

108

Oophoro

Ovary

109

Hystero
Metro

Uterus

110

Salpingo

Uterine tubes

111

Dermo

Skin

112

Masto
Mammo

Breast

113

Osteo

Bones

114

Cardio

Heart

115

Rhino

Nose

116

Phlebo
Veno

Veins

117

Pneumo
Pulmo

Lung

118

Hemo
Emia

Blood

119

Tox/o

Toxin

120

Adeno

Gland
Glandular

121

Adipo
Lipo

Fat
Fatty

122

Abdomino

Abdomen
Abdominal

123

Angio

Blood
Lymph vessels

124

Athero

Plague
Fatty substance

125

Atero

Artery

126

Arthro

Joint
Articulation

127

Aorto

Large artery (aorta)

128

Broncho

Bronchus (windpipe)

129

Carcino

Cancer
Crab

130

Cephalo

Head

131

Cerebro

Cerebrum

132

Cervixo

Neck like structure

133

Cho/e

Ask Jonté please

134

Colp/o

Vagina

135

Cost/o

Ribs

136

Crani/o

Cranium (skull)

137

Cutane/o
Dermat/o

Skin

138

Duct/o

Duct (tube that provides an exit)

139

Esophag/o

Esophagus

140

Gynec/o

Female

141

Immun/o

Immune
Immunity

142

Lapr/o

Abdomin

143

Laryg/o

Throat
Larynx

144

My/o

Muscles

145

Nas/o

Nasal cavity

146

Nuer/o

Nerves

147

Pharyng/o

Pharynx

148

Ur/o

Urine

149

Urethr/o

Urethra

150

Ureter/o

Ureter

151

Vas/o

Vas deferens

152

Psych

Mind

153

Lymph/o

Lymph nodes

154

Myel/o

Spinal cord and bone marrow

155

Pluer/o

Pleura

156

Rect/o

Rectum

157

Pyel/o

Pelvis

158

Sacr/o

Sacrum

159

Thorac/o

Thorax(chest)

160

Chiropractor

A specialist in manipulative treatment of disorders originating for misalignment of the spine

161

Immunologist

A specialist in the study of the immune system

162

Allergist

A specialist in diagnosing a treating conditions of altered immunologic reactivity

163

Neonatologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of the newborn

164

Hematologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues

165

Anesthesiologist

A physician who specializes in administering anesthetic agents before and during surgery

166

Gynecologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of female reproductive system

167

Optometrist

A specialist in measuring the accuracy of vision to determine if corrective lenses or eyeglasses are needed

168

Ophthalmologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the eye

169

Gastroentrologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the stomach and intestines

170

Anesthetist

A person trained in administering anesthesia but who is not necessarily a physician

171

Endocrinologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the glands of internal secretion

172

Cardiologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating abnormalities, diseases and disorders of the heart

173

Nephrologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the kidneys

174

Dermatologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin

175

Neurologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the nervous system

176

Urologist

A specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders or the female urinary system and the genitourinary system of males

177

Podiatrist

A specialist in diagnosing, treating, and correcting disorders of the foot

178

Proctologist

A specialist in disorders of the rectum and anus

179

Pediatrist

a specialist in diagnosing, treating, and preventing disorders and diseases of children

180

Obstetrician

A specialist in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediately thereafter

181

Ology

The study of

182

Ics

The study

183

Trist

Doctor of

184

Ist

Doctor of

185

Suffixes that mean condition of

ia
ism
sis
y

186

Suffixes that mean medical specialties

ian
logist
ist
ics
iatrics

187

Suffixes that means pertaining to

ac
al
ar
ary
form
ic
ical
ile
ory
ous

188

Centesis

Puncture (sometimes to remove fluid)

189

Ectomy

Surgical removal

190

Otomy

Surgical opening
Incision

191

Ostomy

Permanent surgical opening

192

Tripsy

Crush

193

Pexy

Pin
Fix
Tack

194

Plasty

Repair
Correction
Disease

195

Rrhaphy

Suture
Surgical repair

196

Rrhea

Flow

197

Rrhage

Burst forth of blood
Excessive abnormal flow

198

A

Without

199

Pain

Algia
Dynia

200

Itis

Inflammation

201

Malacia

Abnormal softening

202

Necrosis

Disease of cell death
Death

203

Osis

Disease
Abnormal condition

204

Rrhexis

Rupture

205

Sclerosis

Abnormal hardening

206

Stenosis

Abnormal narrowing

207

Scopy

To see
Visual examination

208

Pertaining to

Ac
Al

209

Megaly

Large
Enlargement

210

Pertaining to the heart

Cardiac

211

Inflammation of tonsils and SPELL IT

Tonsillitis

212

Surgical removal of appendix and SPELL IT

Appendectomy

213

Tumor or neoplasm

Oma

214

Time and events before birth

Prenatal

215

Rrhagia

Condition of bleeding

216

Rrhagic

Pertaining to bleeding

217

Gram

Instrument to measure or record

218

Graph

Instrument to measure or record

219

Graphy

Process of

220

Meter

Instrument to measure

221

Metry

Process of measuring

222

Scope

Instrument to examine

223

Suffixes that mean small

icle
ole
ula
ule

224

Suffixes that mean to make

ize
ate

225

Suffixes that to shed or slough

Lysis

226

RUQ

Right Upper Quadrant [INSERT PICTURE]

227

LUQ

Left Upper Quadrant [INSERT PICTURE]

228

RLQ

Right lower quadrant

229

LLQ

Left lower quadrant

230

What abdominopelvic region is located at the top right?

The right hypochondriac region

231

What abdominopelvic region is located at the top middle?

The epigastric region

232

What abdominopelvic region is located at the top left?

The left hypochondriac region

233

What abdominopelvic region is located at the middle left?

The left lumbar/lateral region

234

What abdominopelvic region is located at the middle right?

The right lumbar/lateral region

235

What abdominopelvic region is located at the middle middle? (he hehe hehehe HAHAHAHAHAHA.....sike nah that's not funny)

The umbilical region

236

What abdominopelvic region is located at the bottom right?

The right iliac/inguinal

237

What abdominopelvic region is located at the bottom middle?

The hypogastric region

238

What abdominopelvic region is located at the bottom left?

The right iliac/inguinal region

239

What is the cavity containing the brain called?

Cranial cavity

240

What is the cavity containing the vertebrae called?

Vertebral cavity

241

What is the cavity containing the lungs and heart?

Thoracic cavity

242

What is the cavity that contains the "guts" of the body called?

Abdominal cavity

243

What is the cavity containing the pelvis bone under the abdominal cavity called?

Pelvic cavity

244

What cavities lie inside the thoracic cavity?

-Superior mediastinum:
-Pleural cavity: ribs and lungs only
-Pericardial cavity within the mediastinum

245

Abdomino-pelvic cavity contains which cavities?

-Abdominal cavity
-Pelvic cavity

246

What cavities are in the posterior cavity?

-Cranial cavity
-Pelvic cavity
-Vertebral cavity

247

Which cavities are in the anterior cavity?

-Thoracic cavity
-Abdominal cavity

248

Flexion

When you bend a joint at least 90 degrees

249

Extension

Straighten your joints

250

Hyperextension

An exaggerated extension

251

Abduction

Move away from the body

252

Adduction

Move towards the body

253

Rotation of the head

The head rolls on the axis

254

Circumduction

The arm goes in a circle (airplane)

255

Lateral rotation

Rotate the foot and leg away from the body

256

Medial rotation

Rotate the foot and leg towards the body

257

Supination

Rotate palm towards the sky

258

Pronation

Rotate the palm towards the ground

259

Eversion

Bottom of the foot faces away from the body

260

Inversion

Bottom of the foot faces towards the body

261

Dorsiflexion

Toes up

262

Plantar flexion

Go on pointe for ballet

263

Intermediate

In between two structures

264

Proximal

Closest to the midline

265

Distal

Farthest from the midline

266

Medial

Towards the body

267

Lateral

To the side

268

Superficial

Skin deep

269

Deep

Within the body

270

Cephalic

Towards the head

271

Caudal

Towards the booty

272

Sagittal plane

Cut from head to toe vertically that divides the left and right side

273

Transverse or horizontal plane

Cut from side to side horizontally

274

Midsagittal

When the sagittal divides the left from the right evenly

275

Coronal plane

Divides the anterior from the posterior from head to toe

276

Superior portion

The portion that is bigger from the divide

277

Inferior plane

The portion that is smaller from the divide