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Flashcards in Health Pro Cards Deck (128):
1

Two prefixes that mean not

Non
Un

2

Iso

Throughout
Though

3

Macro

Large or long

4

Micro

Small

5

Homo

Same

6

Hetero

Different

7

Ab

Away from

8

Ad

Toward

9

Circum

Around
Circular movement

10

Trans

Across(horizontally)

11

Ultra

Above
Beyond
Over

12

Sub

Under
Below

13

Anti

Inhibit

14

Pseudo

False

15

Para

Near
Adjacent

16

Olig

Scant
Few

17

Ambi

Both

18

Dorso

Back

19

Cephal

Pertaining to the head

20

Hyper

Above

21

Peri

Around

22

Mega

Large

23

Diplo

Double

24

Xantho

Yellow

25

Meso

Middle

26

Chloro

Green

27

Cyano

Blue

28

Cirrho

Yellow

29

Luteo

Yellow

30

Name and spell all the prefixes meaning yellow

Xantho
Cirrho
Luteo

31

Leuko

White

32

Alb

White

33

Albumino

White

34

Name and spell all the prefixes for white

Leuko
Alb
Albumino

35

Melano

Black

36

Purpuro

Purple

37

Erythro

Red

38

Rubeo

Red

39

Name and spell all prefixes that mean red

Erythro
Rubeo

40

Name and spell all prefixes meaning one

Mono
Uni

41

Tri

Three

42

Quadri

Four

43

Semi

Partial

44

Name and spell all the prefixes meaning two

Di
Bi

45

Nulli

None

46

Prim

First

47

Hemi

Half

48

Name and spell all prefixes meaning many

Poly
Multi

49

Cyanosis

Bluish tint to skin when a small child has been in a pool too long

50

Cirrhosis

Liver problem that leaves the skin yellow

51

Antibiotic

Medicine that inhibits the growth of bacteria

52

Subcutaneous

Below the skin

53

Parathyroid

Near or adjacent to the thyroid

54

Oliguria

Scant or small urine production

55

Name and spell all prefixes meaning colorful

Chrom
Chromo
Chromato
Chrome

56

Gynecologist

A specialist in disorders of the female reproductive system

57

Pediatrician

A specialist in diseases and disorders of children

58

Neonatologist

A specialist in the care of the newborn

59

Gyneco

Combining form meaning female

60

Hematologist

A specialist in disorders of the blood an blood forming tissues

61

Two prefixes that means without

A
An

62

Optometrist

A specialist in measuring visual activity

63

What are the symptoms of Fibromyalgia?

Fatigue
Sleep disturbances
Morning stiffness
Headaches

64

Who does Fibromyalgia normally affect?

Children and elderly women

65

Cause of Fibromyalgia

Unknown but may be stress

66

Bilateral

Affecting, having, or relating to both sides

67

Key signs for Fibromyalgia

Having pain for at least three months in all four quadrants and bilateral pain

68

Cure for Fibomyalgia

No cure. Interventions include medication, exercise, and education of disease

69

Sequestrum

A piece of dead bone that is partially or fully detached from the surrounding healthy bone

70

Osteorrhaphy

The suturing or wiring together of bones

71

Comminuted fracture

Splinter or crushed bone

72

Kyphosis

Humpback; abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine

73

Gouty Arthritis

Arthritis associated with the formation of uric acid crystals in the joint as the result of hyperuricemia

74

Hyperuricemia

The access of uric acid in the blood

75

Osteitis

Inflammation of bone

76

Cranioplasty

Surgical repair of the skull

77

Crepitation

The sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together

78

Synovectomy

Surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint

79

Ataxia

The inability to coordinate the muscles in the execution of voluntary movement

80

Fascioplasty

The surgical repair of a fascia

81

Atrophy

Weakness and wasting away caused by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time

82

Fasciorrhapy

The suturing of a lacerated fascia

83

Bradykinesia

Extreme slowness of movement

84

Hemiplegia

Total paralysis of one side the body

85

Contracture

Abnormal shortening of muscle tissues making the muscle resistant to stretching

86

Hyperkinesia

Abnormally increased motor function or activity

87

Dystaxia

Difficulty in controlling voluntary movement

88

Hypokinesia

Abnormally decreased motor function or activity

89

Fasciectomy

The surgical removal of a fascia

90

Hypotonia

A condition of diminished tone of the skeletal muscles with decreased resistance of muscle to passive stretching

91

Myalgia

Muscle tenderness or pain

92

Myosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of muscle tissue

93

Myocele

The protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia

94

Myotonia

The delayed reaction of a muscle after a strong contraction

95

Myomalacia

Abnormal softening of muscle tissue

96

Quadriplegia

The paralysis of all four extremities

97

Myonecrosis

The death of individual muscle fibers

98

Singultus

Hiccups

99

Myorrhaphy

The suture of a muscle wound

100

Tenodesis

To suture the end of a tendon or bone

101

Myorrhexis

The rupture of a muscle

102

Tenolysis

To free a tendon from adhesions

103

Skeletal tissue function

Allows movement
Acts as a lever for bones

104

Appearance of skeletal tissue

Striated

105

Skeletal muscle contracts _______

Fast

106

Function of smooth tissue

Helps move fluid though body

107

Appearance of smooth tissue

Smooth(no lines)

108

Smooth muscle contracts _____

Slow

109

Is skeletal muscle voluntary or involuntary?

Voluntary

110

Is smooth muscle voluntary or involuntary?

Involuntary

111

Function of cardiac tissue

Moves blood through the heart

112

Appearance of cardiac tissue

Acts striated and looks smooth

113

Cardiac muscle contracts ______

Fast

114

Is skeletal muscle voluntary or involuntary?

Involuntary

115

What type of joint is the wrist

Gliding

116

True or false: The radius does not rotate around the ulna. Both bones stay completely straight

False

117

Colles fracture

Fracture of the distal radius that causes the "dinner fork" deformity

118

Why are splints preferred to cast for wrist fractures on the ED?

Splints don't impede edema

119

What is the risk factor for wrist fractures in older adults

Osteoporosis

120

Most common wrist fracture in the US

Distal radius

121

Most common cause of wrist fractures for older women

Fall from standing height

122

Most common mechanism of injury for wrist fracture

Fall on an outstretched hand

123

Most common people to get a wrist fracture

Elderly women

124

Which carpal bone is fractured most frequently

Scaphoid

125

Most common mechanism of injury for a triquestrin

Hyperextension and ulnar deviation at time of injury

126

Smith fracture

A common wrist fracture in young people in high velocity trauma

127

Magnetic resonance imaging

Imaging that is required to diagnose most DRF-associated ligament injuries

128

Scaphoid fracture

A fracture that often goes undiagnosed and can lead to avascular necrosis