Endocrine system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine system Deck (31):
1

What is the first stage in carrying out a response using hormones

Gland receives stimulates

2

What is the second stage in carrying out a response using hormones

Gland releases hormone

3

What is the third stage in carrying out a response using hormones

Hormone travels in blood stream

4

What is the fourth stage in carrying out a response using hormones

Hormone received by target cell response

5

What is the fifth stage in carrying out a response using hormones

cell stimulated to cause desired output

6

What is the six stage in carrying out a response using hormones

Feedback to original gland

7

What gland is the origin of many early endocrine outputs

Pituarity gland

8

What is the thyroid gland

Regulator of metabolism

9

What is the adrenal gland

Controls stress response

10

Where is the adrenal gland located

Top of kidneys

11

What is the role of the pancreas

Carbohydrate metabolism

12

What happens when glucose levels increase

Pancreas detects the increase and secrets insulin to the blood

13

What does insulin do when the glucose levels increases

Makes cells more permeable to glucose

14

What is glucose stored in the liver called

Glycogen

15

When is insulin secreted

When the blood glucose is increased

16

When is glucagon secreted

When blood glucose is decreased

17

What does the pancreas do when blood glucose decreases

Secretes glucagon to stimulate release of glucose from liver

18

What hormone do the testes secrete

Testosterone

19

What hormone do the ovaries produce

Oestrogen

20

What does Testosterone influence

Muscle growth

21

What does Oestrogen influence

Hip, buttock and thigh fat

22

How much more testosterone do males have than females

About 10 times

23

Where are catecholamines produced

In the inner layer of the adrenal gland (adrenal medulla)

24

Where are Corticosteroids produced

Outer layer of adrenal gland (adrenal cortex)

25

What and when is cortisol used for

Released to break down fats and carbohydrates to provide energy during stressful situations

26

What purpose does aldosterone serve

Helps regulate balance of minerals, sodium and potassium in blood

27

Where is growth hormone released from

pituitary gland

28

What drives bone growth during puberty

Growth hormone

29

What functions does growth hormone have

Protein synthesis, fat breakdown, bone growth

30

Where is the thyroid gland located

Upper chest

31

What is the thyroid responsible for

Metabolism, use of oxygen and maintenance of temperature