Posture and stability Flashcards Preview

Personal training level 3 > Posture and stability > Flashcards

Flashcards in Posture and stability Deck (19):
1

What is the purpose of the anterior longitudinal ligament

Prevent excess extension of the spine

2

What is the purpose of the posterior longitudinal and interspinous ligaments

Prevent excess flexion of the spine

3

What is the purpose of the interspinous ligaments

Prevent excess lateral flexion

4

What are accessory movements

Movements that occur within a joint

5

What are the 3 deep muscles of the spine

Intespinalis
intertransversesarii
rotators

6

What are interspinal muscles for

Found between spinous processes and help to bring about extension

7

What are the intertransversarii muscles for

Found between transverse processes of the spine and help bring about lateral flexion

8

What are the rotators for

Found between transverse and spinal processes and help bring about rotation

9

What are the 4 middle muscle layer muscles of the core

Transverse abdominis
Multifidus
Diaphragm
Pelvic floor muscles

10

What is the purpose of the pelvic floor muscle

Creates a hammock for holding organs

11

What can long term seated position contribute to

Thoracic Hypokyphosis
Protracted shoulders
Posterior pelvis tilt
Extended cervical spine

12

What is passive static stretching

When the position is held using a partner or another part of body for support, good for increasing rage of motion

13

What is active static stretching

When position is held with no external support, increases active flexibility

14

What would dynamic stretching take place

During the warm up

15

What should dynamic stretching be based on

The exercises in the upcoming workout

16

What is Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

A way of taking advantage of neuromuscular feedbacks in muscle tissue based on control- relax principle. Passive stretch with iso hold against resistance for 7-15 seconds then stretched again

17

When should static stretching take place

As a cooldown

18

What is static maintance stretching

Held at end of range of motion for 15-30 seconds until muscle relaxes

19

What is developmental static stretching

3 stages where limb is moved every time muscle relaxes to give increased range of motion.