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Flashcards in Energy system Deck (21):
1

What is ATP made up of

1 adenosine molecule bound with 3 phosphate molecules

2

Where is energy stored in ATP

In the bonds between adenosine and phosphate

3

What is left when ATP is broken down for energy

ADP

4

What enzyme controls the reaction during muscular contraction

Myosin ATPase

5

What does the creatine phosphate system (CP) provide energy for

High energy short duration activities

6

What is the primary source of energy for CP system

Intramuscular stores of ATP and CP

7

How can ATP be instantly regenerated

Breaking down high energy bonk in CP

8

What is the max time allowance for CP system

10 Seconds

9

How much CP is found in the human body

About 120g

10

Where is creatine replenished from

Liver or kidneys from amino acids or from diet through meat and fish

11

Does CP system require oxygen

No

12

How long does the lactate system last

60-180s

13

What intensity (HR) does lactate system work under

75-95% max heart rate

14

Where does the lactate system get its energy

From the incomplete breakdown of glucose

15

Where does glucose used in lactate system come from

In blood or converted from glycogen

16

What does glucose break down into without oxygen

Pyruvic acid followed by lactic acid

17

How many ATP molecules are produced per glucose molecule in the lactate system

2

18

What does OBLA mean

Onset Blood Lactate Accumulation

19

What is the source of energy in the aerobic system

Complete breakdown of carbohydrate and fat in the presence of oxygen

20

What intensity is the aerobic system used for

Up to 75% max HR

21

What are the by products of the aerobic system

CO2, and H2O