Endocrinology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrinology Deck (40):
1

Adrenal insufficiency and bitemporal hemianopia

Empty sella syndrome

2

Elderly man with osteoporosis despite supplements

Testosterone deficiency

3

Psamomma bodies

Papillary thyroid cancer

4

Diabetes drug contraindicated in heart failure

Pioglitazone

5

Orphan Annie eyes

Papillary thyroid cancer

6

Headache and tachycardia

Phaeochromocytoma

7

Pigmentation and postural hypotension

Addison's disease

8

Pituitary dysfunction after pregnancy

Sheehan's syndrome (hypopituitarism due to haemorrhage post-partum)

9

Galactorrhoea, dry vagina, hirsutism, amenorrhoea

Prolactinoma

10

Can't wear hat

Paget's disease

11

Resized ring

Acromegaly

12

Chvostek's/Trousseau's signs

Hypocalcaemia

13

Pathological fracture, constipation, kidney stones and depression

Hypercalcaemia

14

Anosmia with hypopituitarism (symptoms of lost sex hormones mainly)

Kallman's syndrome

15

Pancreatic cancer, parathyroid adenoma, prolactinoma

MEN1 syndrome

16

Halo on ultrasound

Follicular adenoma

17

Anti-TPO

Hashimotos (less commonly in Graves)

18

Anti-thyroglobulin

Graves (less commonly in Hashimoto's)

19

Anti-insulin, anti-GAD, anti-islet

T1DM

20

Polyuria, polydipsia and weight loss

Diabetes

21

Buffalo hump, moonlike facies

Cushing's syndrome

22

Exophthalmos

Graves' disease

23

Croaky voice

Hypothyroidism

24

Collapse + hypotension + depigmented patches

Addisonian crisis

25

RET mutation

Medullary thyroid cancer

26

Hyperpigmentation after bilateral adrenalectomy

Nelson's syndrome

27

Medullary thyroid cancer + phaeochromocytoma + parathyroid hyperplasia

MEN II

28

Cotton wool spots without neovascularisation

Pre-proliferative diabetic retinopathy

29

Peri-orbital tingling post-thyroidectomy

Hypocalcaemia

30

Obese female with malar flush, yellow-tinged skin, altered mental sate, bradycardia, hypothermia and heart failure

Myxoedema

31

Congo red stain for thyroid cancer

Medullary thyroid cancer

32

Treatment of HHS

Saline + insulin + anticoagulation

33

Treatment of DKA

Saline + insulin + potassium

34

Emergency treatment of DKA without IV access/patient has already injected insulin

Glucagon

35

DRUG: electrolyte disturbance seen with amphotericin

Hypokalaemia

36

DRUG: oesophagitis and osteonecrosis of the jaw

Bisphosphonate

37

DRUG: cardiac drug cuasing increased insulin requirement

Thiazides (hyperglycaemia)

38

DRUG SE: SLE drug causing haemorrhagic cystitis

Cyclophosphamide

39

DRUG SE: sore throat and fatigue after carbimazole

Agranulocytosis

40

DRUG: osteoporosis 32-aa peptide

Calcitonin