Infectious diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infectious diseases Deck (40):
1

Splinter haemorrhages, Osler's nodes, Janeway lesions, Roth spots

Infective endocarditis

2

Strawberry tongue

Scarlet fever (group A strep)

3

Koplik's spots

Measles

4

Thick and thin films

Malaria

5

IVDU

Tricuspid regurgitation secondary to staph aureus IE

6

Non-caseating granuloma

Wegener's, Sarcoidosis, Crohn's

7

Homeless man

TB

8

Low CD4 count

HIV

9

Gohn focus

TB

10

Acid-fast bacilli, ZN stain

TB

11

Rose spots

Typhoid fever

12

Retinitis in HIV patient

CMV

13

Purple spots in a HIV patient

Kaposi's sarcoma

14

Acute and direct convalescent serology four-fold rising titre

Influenza

15

Urinary antigen positive (3)

  1. Legionella
  2. Strep. pneumoniae
  3. Mycoplasma

16

Infections in asplenic patients (3)

Encapsulated bacteria

  1. Strep. pneumoniae
  2. Haemophilus influenzae
  3. Neisseria meningitidis

17

Maculopapular rash

HIV seroconversion

18

India ink stain

Cryptococcus in HIV

19

Gram negative obligate intracellular organism

Chlamydia

20

Flask-shaped ulcers, PAS-positive trophozoites

Amoebiasis

21

Calcification in the brain after HIV

Toxoplasmosis

22

Boat-shaped cells

PCP

23

Squamous cell carcinoma of bladder and infected

Schistosomiasis

24

Pseudohyphae

Candidiasis

25

Red papules are evident in the web spaces

Scabies

26

Sewer worker

Leptospirosis

27

Mozzarella pizza on fundoscopy

CMV retinitis

28

Osteomyelitis in sickle cell patient (organism)

Salmonella

29

TB drug side effects

  • Red-green colour blindness
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Gout
  • Red urine and tears

TB drug side effects

  • Red-green colour blindness - ethambutol
  • Peripheral neuropathy - isoniazid
  • Gout - pyrazinamide
  • Red urine and tears - rifampicin

30

Causes of rigors (4)

  1. Cholangitis
  2. Pneumonia
  3. Pyelonephritis
  4. Sepsis

31

Bat bite

Rabies

32

Diplopia + photophobia + cardiorespiratory failure after camping

Botulism

33

Brushfire on fundoscopy

CMV retinitis

34

Owl's eyes intranuclear inclusions

CMV

35

Bird droppings (2)

  1. Chlamydia psitacci 
  2. Campylobacter jejuni

36

Lymphogranuloma venerum

Chlamydia trachomatis

37

Painless chancre

Syphillis

38

IE in community

Strep viridans

39

IE in hospital

Staph. epidermidis

40

Meningitis-causing organism resistant to cephalosporins

Listeria