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Flashcards in Renal Deck (44):
1

Hodgkin lymphoma with oedema and proteinuria

Minimal change disease

2

Oedema and proteinuria in HIV patient

FSGS

3

Aniline dyes / rubber

Bladder cancer

4

Smoking and painless haematuria

Bladder cancer

5

Kidney failure with a family history of subarachnoid haemorrhage

PCKD (Berry aneurysms)

6

Linear staining IgG on direct immunofluorescence

Goodpasture's

7

Nasal polyps with haemoptysis

Churg Strauss

8

Pulmonary nodules and haemoptysis

Wegener's

9

Transitional zone hyperplasia

BPH

10

Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules

Diabetic nephropathy

11

Solid organ cancers with nephrotic syndrome

Membranous GN

12

No change on LM and effacement of foot processes

Minimal change disease

13

Mesangial expansion and granular IgA in mesangium

IgA nephropathy

14

pANCA

Churg-Strauss or microscopic polyangiitis

15

Asthma-like symptoms and haematuria

Churg-Strauss

16

cANCA

Wegener's or microscopic polyangiitis

17

Tram tracking

Mesangiocapillary (membranoproliferative) GN

18

Apple green birefringence on congo red stain

Amyloidosis

19

Anti streptolysin O titre

Post-infectious GN

20

AV nipping

Stage II hypertensive retinopathy

21

Flash pulmonary oedema

Renal artery stenosis

22

Peripheral zone of prostate

Prostate cancer

23

Subendothelial deposits

Lupus nephritis

24

Cannonball metastases

Renal cell carcinoma

25

Congenital condition with nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss and cataracts

Alport syndrome

26

Starry sky appearance

Post-infectious glomerulonpheritis

27

Staghorn calculi

Proteus (struvite)

28

Wire loop glomeruli

Lupus nephritis

29

Muddy brown granular casts (renal tubular epithelial cell casts)

Acute tubular necrosis

30

Hyaline casts (2 causes)

Acute renal failure, strenuous exercise

31

Diabetic man with fever, pericardial rub and renal failure

Oxalosis

32

African river + renal impairment

Schistomiasis

33

Cancer associated with schistomatosis

Squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder

34

Large kidney lump in a wasted child

Nephroblastoma (Wilms' tumour)

35

Clear cell

RCC

36

Canoeist with haemolysis + renal failure

Leptospirosis

37

Most common type of bladder cancer

Transitional cell

38

Recurrent spontaneously resolving nephritic syndrome

IgA nephropathy

39

Bilaterally ballotable kidneys

PCKD

40

Diabetes + hypertension: appearance of kidneys at autsopy

Nodular glomerulosclerosis

41

Proliferating macrophages compressing glomerulus

Crescentic GN

42

DRUG: treats detrusor instability (from BPH)

Oxybutynin (anticholinergic)

43

DRUG: fluid overload in CRF

Loop diuretic

44

DRUG SE: urinary retention

Anticholinergics (e.g. oxybutynin)