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Flashcards in Environment Deck (99):
1

Population

A group of organiisms of the same kind that live in the sample place.

2

What is a group of organiisms of the same kind that live in the sample place?
 

Population

3

These are examples of what?

-a group of swans in a pond

-a school of fish in an ocean

-a herd of cattle in the grasslands

Population

4

Community

All of the population that live together in the same place.

5

What is it when all of the population that live together in the same place?
 

Community

6

Ecosystem

in an environment the living and nonliving things that affect each other, or interact

7

What is in an environment the living and nonliving things that affect each other?

An ecosystem

8

Habitat

Provides a population with all its needs and includes nonliving things and living things.

9

If you see a cattail on the edige of the pond - what is the pond an example of?

Habitat

10

Pond

A still body of water smaller than a lake.

11

Marshland

Low-lying area of waterlogged ground and standing water.

12

Swamps

A seasonally flooded bottomland with more woody plants than a marsh and better drainage than a bog.

13

Streams

A natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth.

14

What is a still body of water smaller than a lake?
 

Pond

15

What is a low-lying area of waterlogged ground and standing water?
 

Marshland

16

What is a seasonally flooded bottomland with more woody plants than a marsh and better drainage than a bog?

Swamp

17

What is a natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth?

Stream

18

River

A large natural stream of water emptying into an ocean, lake, or other body of water.

19

What is a large natural stream of water emptying into an ocean, lake, or other body of water?

A river

20

Oceans

The entire body of salt water that covers more than 70% of the earth’s surface.

21

What is the entire body of salt water that covers more than 70% of the earth’s surface?

The ocean

22

Desert

An ecosystem found where there is very little rainfall.

23

What is an ecosystem found where there is very little rainfall?

A desert

24

Grasslands

An ecosystem made up of large, flat areas of land that are covered with grass.

25

What is an ecosystem made up of large, flat areas of land that are covered with grass.

A grassland

26

Rain Forest

These places are hot and wet all year and the trees grow very tall and their leaves stay green all year.

27

What is a place that is hot and wet all year and the trees grow very tall and their leaves stay green all year?

Rain Forest

28

Forest

An area in which the main plants are trees. 

29

What is an area in which the main plants are trees?

A forest

30

Deciduous Forest

Trees that lose and regrow their leaves each year.

31

What is a forest with trees that lose and regrow their leaves each year?

Deciduous

32

Coniferous Forest

Trees that have needles and stay green all year.

33

What is a forest with trees that have needles and stay green all year?

Coniferous

34

Al large number of frogs are spotted in a pond. All the frogs in the ecosystem are  a __________________.

Population

35

Other living things live in a the pond. All the living things in the ecosystem are ________________.

Community

36

A _________________ provides for the needs of the groups living in the pond.

Habitat

37

A forest is an area in which the main plants are trees. One kind of forest where the trees have large, flat leaves that drop in the fall is called a __________________________.

Deciduous Forest

38

A _________________________ grows in places that are hot and wet all year. 

Rain Forest

39

A _______________________ grows where there is lots of rain and where it does not get too warm or too cold.

Coastal Forest

40

The trees in a _____________________ form seeds in cones.

Coniferous Forest

41

Depending on where they are located, the grasslands are often known by other names such as these five:


1. Steppes
2. Plains
3. Pampas
4. Savannahs
5. Veldts
 

42

List 5 continents where Grasslands can be found:

1. Africa
2. Australia
3. North America
4. South America
5. Asia
 

43

How much rain does a grassland area get?

25-75 cm of rain per year

44

What 3 things does the grassland produce?

1. Grasses
2. Wheat
3. Corn
 

45

What animals live in the grasslands?

Plant eaters

46

What are 6 examples of plant eaters that live in the grasslands?

1. Gophers
2. Rabbits
3. Giraffes
4. Gazelles
5. Buffalo
6. Antelope
 

47

In North America, ______________ used to be found on the grasslands.

Bison

48

What 3 varieties of bird live on grasslands?

1. Ring necked pheasants
2. Meadowlarks
3. Prairie chickens
 

49

List the 4 layers of a tropical rain forest.

1. Emergent
2. Upper Canopy
3. Understory
4. Forest Floor
 

50

How does the triangle shape of conifers protect them?

The triangle shape helps the tree by allowing  more needles to be exposed to sun so the tree can produce food (photosynthesis).

51

The tropical forest is found around the __________________ .

Equator

52

What are the temperatures around the tropical rainforest?

25 degrees Celsius

53

What is the average rainfall of the tropical rainforest?

200 cm

54

What are the 5 areas included in the tropical rainforest biome?

1. South America
2. Central America
3. Central Asia
4. Australia
5. Africa
 

55

Because of the ____________ conditions, the rainforest biome has the greatest amount of plant growth.

Humid

56

What are 3 large trees in the rainforest biome?

1. Banyans
2. Wild figs
3. Mahogany
 

57

The large trees in the rain forest form a _____________ that prevents much light from reaching the ground.

canopy

58

What are 2 plants that live in the canopy in the rainforest?

1. Bromeliads
2. Lianas
 

59

What are 5 animals found in the rainforest?

1. Bats
2. Squirrels
3. Monkeys
4. Tree frogs
5. Sloths
 

60

What are 4 creatures found on the ground of the rainforest?

1. Beetles
2. Spiders
3. Snakes
4. Antelopes
 

61

What are 4 fresh water sources make up the fresh water biome?

Fresh water all over the world makes up the biome. These include:
1. Rivers
2. Lakes
3. Streams
4. Ponds
 

62

What is a plant common to all these bodies of fresh water?

Algae

63

What are 3 other plants in freshwater?

1. Elodea
2. Duckweed
3. Water lilies
 

64

Many animals live in the freshwater as well as the ____________.

shoreline
 

65

What are 10 examples of creatures are found in the freshwater biome?

1. Beaver
2. Trout
3. Frogs
4. Turtles
5. Crayfish
6. Snails
7. Salamanders
8. Mosquitoes
9. Dragonflies
10. Perch
 

66

The ocean biome is the __________________ of all biomes.

largest

67

Why is the ocean biome the largest?

Because 7/10ths (or 70%) of the earth is water and most is salt water.

68

Any water that has at least ____% salt is considered slat water.

3.5%

69

Scientists divide the ocean into smaller biomes by amount of ___________ and _______________.

light and temperature

70

What are 3 things found in salt water?

1. Algae
2. Bacteria
3. Seaweed
 

71

The ___________ found in the ocean are varied depending on where they live.

animals

72

What 8 animals live close to the shore?

1. Clams
2. Crabs
3. Barnacles
4. Flounders
5. Mussels
6. Oysters
7. Sea cucumbers
8. Stingrays
 

73

What are 7 creatures that live in the ocean?

1. Whales
2. Sharks
3. Swordfish
4. Octopi
5. Sea lions
6. Dolphins
7. Tuna
 

74

The ocean is the only biome that _____________ do not live (but they may fly over its surface.

insects

75

Deserts are the results of very little annual ______________.

rainfall

76

What is the average rainfall in the desert?

25 cm per year

77

Not all deserts are ____________.

hot

78

Deserts are found in what 6 locations?

1. US
2. Africa
3. Asia
4. Australia
5. India
6. South America
 

79

_____________ and _______________ have developed special adaptations for living in the hot desert environment.

Plants and animals

80

What are plant examples in the desert?

Cacti and yucca trees

81

What are 4 cacti and yucca trees possible adaptations in the desert?

1. Spaced far apart
2. Little surface area
3. Good water storage
4. Strong root system

 

82

What are 4 examples of creatures in the desert?

1. Jack rabbits
2. Kangaroo rats
3. Gila monsters
4. Rattlesnakes
 

83

Many animals are able to tolerate the heat because they ___________ or “sleep” during the heat and move about at night.

estivate

84

What are other desert residents?

1. Owls
2. Hawks
3. Scorpions

 

85

What is the annual rainfall of temperate forests?

100 cm per year

86

What 4 continents have temperate forest?

1. North America
2. South America
3. Asia
4. Europe
 

87

The biome has ___________ distinct season.

four

88

Does the temperate forests have snowcover in the winter?

Rarely

89

What are 4 types on trees in the temperate forest?

1. Beeches
2. Maples
3. Oaks
4. Hickories
 

90

Do the trees in the forest lose their leaves?

Yes, during the fall.

91

What are 4 examples of creatures found on the ground of the temperate forest?

1. Worms
2. Insects
3. Salamanders
4. Snakes
 

92

What are 7 mammals found in the temperate forest?

1. Squirrels
2. Raccoons
3. Rabbits
4. Skunks
5. Opossums
6. Bears
7. Deer
 

93

The Taiga or _____________________________ is probably the world’s largest land biome.

coniferous forest

94

Where is the taiga located?

South of the tundra and stretches across portions of North America, Europe, and Asia.

95

During the summers, the soil remains very wet and is suitable for _____________ and ___________.

lichens and mosses

96

What trees grows well in the Taiga?

Fir and spruce trees

97

The trees provide homes for many _______________.

birds

98

What is an example of a bird in the Tiaga?

Crossbill, which is capable of cracking cones to eat the seeds.

99

What are 10 examples of animals found in the Taiga?

1. Moose
2. Weasels
3. Wolves
4. Deer
5. Lynx
6. Caribou
7. Porcupines
8. Beaver
9. Mink
10. Bears