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Flashcards in Mali Deck (58):
1

Ancient

Long, long ago

2

Architecture

The design of buildings

3

Contribution

The act of giving or doing something

4

Government

A group of people who make rules and laws, carry out rules and laws, and decide if rules and laws have been broken.

5

Laws

Rules people live by

6

Characteristics

Different traits

7

Economic Specialization

Focusing on one product or service

8

Economic Interdependence

Two or more people depending on each other for goods for services

9

The Empire of Mali was located in the __________________ region of the continent of _______________.

Western; Africa

10

Mali was an important ___________ center; one of the largest and wealthiest _______________ in the region.

trade; empires

11

Mali lay in the middle of trade routes between sources of _______________ in the Sahara Desert and the ___________________ of West Africa.

salt; gold region/mines

12

ONE contribution of the Empire of Mali in ORAL TRADITIONS

Storytelling – passed on traditions and stories were told from one generation to the next

13

TWO contributions of the Empire of Mali in GOVERNMENT

1. Rich, powerful kings controlled trade in West Africa
2. Important trade center
 

14

THREE contributions of the Empire of Mali in ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (TRADING)

1. Traded salt for gold found in West Africa
2. Miners found gold and traded for salt
3. People used salt for health and preserving foods
 

15

TWO contributions of the Empire of Mali in ECONOMIC SPECIALIZATION

1. Protecting Empire
2. Growing food for Empire
 

16

ONE contribution of the Empire of Mali in ECONOMIC INTERDEPENDENCE

1. Traded gold for salt with other people

17

Four PHYSICAL characteristics of Mali

1. Located in West Africa
2. Near rivers (Niger)
3. Desert-like conditions (Sahara Desert)
4. Gold mines
 

18

Three HUMAN characteristics of Mali people (JOBS)

1. Farmers
2. Miners
3. Traders (silent bartering)
 

19

TWO adaptations to environment of Mali

1. Salt was an important natural resource for people in desert
2. Used gold to trade for salt
 

20

Many storytellers in Mali passed on _______________ and ___________ from one generation to the next.

traditions; stories

21

The ancient griots of Mali were ______________________.

storytellers

22

Who was Mali ruled by?

Rich and powerful kings

23

Who controlled the trade in West Africa?

The kings

24

What was found in the Sahara Desert (used to trade with)?

Salt

25

What was found in West Africa (used to trade with)?

Gold region/mines

26

People used ___________ for their health and preserving foods.

salt

27

What was an important city in Mali?

Timbuktu

28

Mali had a famous ___________________________ with a large library containing ____________ and ________________ books.

University (school); Greek; Roman

29

The head of the government in ancient Mali was a ______________.

King

30

Ancient Mail grew in wealth and power because of all the  _______________.

trading

31

The desert in the northern part of Mali is the _________________ Desert.

Sahara

32

Which is NOT true about how camels are adapted for trips across the desert:

1. Big, wide feet
2. Nostril that close
3. Humps of fat
4. Short legs

 

SHORT LEGS

33

What were two major items traded in ancient Mali?

salt and gold

34

The major river that runs through Mali is the ___________________ River.

Niger

35

Being an expert in one type of job is called economic _______________.

specialization

36

Malians depended on each other for goods and services. This is called ___________________.

Interdependence

37

The country of Mali can be described as _______________.

Hot and dry

38

History in Mali was passed down through storytellers called ____________.

Griots

39

What is the name of the important river in Mali?

Niger

40

What type of rulers did Mali have?

Kings

41

What desert lies on the edge of Mali?

Sahara Desert

42

________________ was an important city in Mali.

Timbuktu

43

Ancient Mali was a wealthy country because of two natural resources. Name them:

Salt and gold

44

Name three jobs held by the people of Ancient Mali:

1. Farmers
2. Miners
3. Traders
 

45

Mali is located on which continent?

Africa

46

What type of trading or bartering occurred in Mali?

salt/gold – or is the silent bartering?

47

Salt was very important in Mali. Name one of its uses.

Health; preserving foods

48

List 3 ways that camels have adapted to travel across the desert.

1. Big, wide feet
2. Nostril that close
3. Humps of fat
 

49

Who made the laws in Mali?

Ruled by kings who made all the rules.

50

What are two reasons that it is Mali important to study? 

1. Mali was one of the largest and wealthiest empires.
2. It was an important trade center in Africa.
 

51

Why were storytellers important to Mali?

They passed on traditions and stories from one generation to another.

52

What did people in Mali learn about (2 things)?

1. There was a large university (college) in Timbuktu
2. They learned about Greek and Rome.
 

53

On which continent is Mali?

Africa

54

What are some physical characteristics of Mali?

1. Located in West Africa
2. Near rivers
3. Desert-like land
4. Many gold mines
 

55

How did the people of Mali adapt to their environment? 

1. Farmers
2. Miners
3. Traders
 

56

What natural resource is important to people of the desert?

Salt

57

Living things need _____________ to survive.

Salt

58

What was salt used for?

Keeping people healthy and preserving food so it wouldn’t spoil