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Flashcards in Sun, Moon, and Cycles Deck (48):
1

What makes up the solar system?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

1. planets
2. stars (sun)
3. comets
4. asteroids
5. moons
6. gases

2

Name the eight plants in order.
(Don't forget: My Very Excited Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas)

1. Mercury
2. Venus
3. Earth
4. Mars
5. Jupiter
6. Saturn
7. Uranus
8. Neptune
(Pluto used to be one)

3

What is the sun made of?

The sun is a star - a hot ball of glowing gases.

4

How is Earth different from other planets?

It has a watery surface, lots of oxygen in the atmosphere and has animal and plant life.

5

What causes day and night?

The Earth's rotation on its axis causes day and night. At any time, half the Earth is experiencing night and the other half of the Earth is experiencing day.

6

List the four seasons.

1. Winter
2. Summer
3. Spring
4. Fall

7

Why do we have seasons?

They are caused by the Earth's tilt on its axis and its revolution around the Sun.

8

What causes the phases of the moon?

They are caused by the Sun's rays and the Earth's shadow as the Earth and Moon rotate and revolve around the sun.

9

What are the four phases of the moon?

1. New
2. Crescent
3. Gibbous
4. Full

10

What does the tilt of the axis cause?

The four seasons. The part of the Earth tilted closest to the sun will experience summer and the part of the Earth furthest from the sun will be having winter.

11

What causes high tides and low tides on Earth?

The moon

12

The Earth revolves around the ______.

sun

13

It takes the Earth _____ days to make an entire revolution.

365 1/4 or one year

14

When the Earth _________ on its axis (spins like a top), one side is always facing the sun, while the other side isn't. This is what causes day and night.

rotates

15

It takes _______ hours for the Earth to make one complete rotation.

24

16

There are ____ hours in a day.

24

17

There are ____ weeks in a year.

52

18

There are ____ months in a year.

12

19

Axis

An imaginary line through a spinning object.

20

Rotation

One full spin of an object around an axis.

21

Orbit

The path of an object around another object.

22

Revolution

The movement of an object around another object.

23

The cycle of the ________ of the moon occurs as the moon makes one revolution around the earth.

phases

24

The different shapes the moon seems to have in the sky.

Phases

25

Waning

Means losing light

26

Waxing

Mean gaining light

27

Gibbous

Means more light

28

The tides follow a pattern of _____ high and ____ low tides every 24 hours.

two; two

29

The pattern of the tides in our ocean is caused by the __________________ between the Earth and the moon.

gravitational attraction

30

The pattern of day and night is caused by the ____________ of the Earth.

rotation

31

One complete rotation occurs every ____ hours.

24

32

The part of the Earth facing the sun has ___________, while the part facing away has _____________.

daylight; night

33

The spinning of the object on its axis is called ___________.

rotation

34

Earth's Axis

An imaginary line that goes through the North Pole and South Pole.

35

The pattern of seasonal changes takes place because the _____________ is tilted toward or away from the sun during its revolution around the sun.

Earth's axis

36

The Earth takes 365 days or 1 year to make one _____________.

revolution

37

The movement of one object (the Earth) around another object (the sun) is called ______________.

revolution

38

When the Earth makes a revolution, we say a _________ has passed.

year

39

Each time the Earth rotates once, a _____ has passed.

day

40

When our side of the Earth faces away from the sun, it is _________.

night

41

The Earth _________ on its own axis.

rotates

42

The Earth _____ around the sun.

rotates

43

The sun "rises" in the _________.

east

44

The sun "sets" in the _________.

west

45

The shapes of the moon are called its __________.

phases

46

Spring, summer, winter, fall are called the ___________.

seasons

47

When our part of the Earht (northern hemisphere) is tilted toward the sun, the season we are having is ___________.

summer

48

When our part of the Earth (northern hemisphere) is titled away from the sun, the season we are having is ________.

winter