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Flashcards in Greece Deck (63):
0

Ancient

Long, long ago

1

Architecture

The design of buildings

2

Contribution

The act of giving or doing something

3

Government

A group of people who make rules and laws, carry out rules and laws, and decide if rules and laws have been broken.

4

Laws

Rules people live by.

5

Direct Democracy

A government in which people vote to make their own rules and laws.

6

Representative Democracy

A government in which people vote for (elect) a smaller group of citizens to make the rules and laws for everyone - republican form of government.

7

Characteristics

Different traits

8

Economic specialization

Focusing on one product or service.

9

Economic interdependencies

Two or more people depending on each other for goods and services.

10

Ancient people made ____________________ that affect the present world.

contributions

11

Contributions of Ancient Greece in architecture: _____________________

The Parthenon (columns)

12

Contributions of Ancient Greece in government: _______________________

Birthplace of democracy (government by the people); a direct democracy

13

Contributions of Ancient Greece in sports: ________________________

The Olympic Games

14

Ancient Greece human characteristics:
1. _________________________
2. _________________________
3. _________________________

1. Farmers
2. Shipbuilders
3. Traders

15

Ancient Greece physical characteristics:
1. _________________________
2. _________________________
3. _________________________

1. Located among mountains and hillsides
2. Surrounded by Mediterranean Sea
3. Limited rich soil

16

Ancient Greece adaptations to environment:
1. _________________________
2. _________________________
3. _________________________

1. Farmed on hillsides
2. Trading took place on the Mediterranean Sea
3. Small communities developed because of mountains

17

Ancient Greece economic specialization:
1. _________________________
2. _________________________
3. _________________________

1. Building ships
2. Farming
3. Making pottery

18

Ancient Greece economic interdependencies:
1. _________________________

1. Traded with Egypt and other nearby communities

19

The Ancient Greek civilization shares:
1. _________________________
2. _________________________
3. _________________________
4. _________________________

1. A written language
2. A system of government
3. Advances in arts and sciences
4. A common culture

20

Greece is on the continent of _____________.

Europe

21

Greece is bordered by the ________________________.

Mediterranean Sea

22

Greece is what shape?

A peninsula

23

Is Greece flat or hilly/mountainous?

hilly/mountainous

24

Does Greece have rich soil?

No, it's limited in rich soil.

25

Because of their surroundings, ancient Greeks had to ____________.

adapt

26

Greek men did the following:
1. ______________________
2. ______________________
3. ______________________
4. ______________________

1. Went to school
2. Worked for physical strength
3. Were voting citizens
4. Played lyre and other instruments

27

Greek women did the following:
1. ______________________
2. ______________________
3. ______________________

1. Took care of children
2. Learned handicrafts
3. Did not vote

28

The Olympic Games are held every ________ years.

Four

29

The Olympic Games were to honor ____________.

Zeus

30

The Olympic Games were held atop of _________________.

Mount Olympus

31

Could men and women compete in the Olympics?

No, only men.

32

Winners of Olympic Games wore a crown of ______________.

Olive leaves

33

A democracy is where people ____________________________.

Vote on the issues that effect them.

34

In architecture, the Greeks loved ________________.

Columns

35

The most famous example of Greek architecture is the ___________________.

Parthenon

36

The Parthenon sits ___________________.

High above the city.

37

For religion, the Greeks believed in many ________.

Examples are:
1. ______________________
2. ______________________

Gods; Zeus and Athena

38

In arts and sciences, the Greeks were:
1. ______________________
2. ______________________
3. ______________________
4. ______________________

1. Sculptors
2. Potters
3. Scientists
4. Great thinkers

39

On which continent is Greece located?

Europe

40

On what body of water is Greece located?

Mediterranean Sea

41

Ancient Greece is known as the birthplace of _____________.

Democracy

42

What types if art did the Greeks enjoy?
1. ______________________
2. ______________________
3. ______________________
4. ______________________

1. Painting
2. Music
3. Poetry
4. Sculpture

43

What musical instruments did the Greeks enjoy playing?

Lyre

44

What did the farmers grow?
1. ______________________
2. ______________________
3. ______________________

1. Grapes
2. Olive trees
3. Corn

45

What ports event began in 776 BC to honor Zeus?

Olympic Games

46

How was the Greek government different than America's government?

Only men were citizens and were allowed to vote. Women could not vote.

47

Where did boys learn? Where did girls learn?

Boys = school
Girls = home

48

What is another word for "rule by the people"?

Democracy

49

What was the name of the small areas in Ancient Greece that had their own laws?

City-States

50

Who did the Greeks believe had control over everything including weather?

Gods and goddesses

51

What Greek temple was built for the goddess Athena?

The Parthenon

52

Who was the ruler of all gods and lived on Mt. Olympus?

Zeus

53

In what ways did the Greeks adapt to their environment?
1. ______________________
2. ______________________
3. ______________________

1. They farmed on hillsides
2. Trading took place on the Mediterranean Sea
3. Small independent communities developed because of the many mountains

54

What is the capital of Greece?

Athens

55

What was the rival city/state that battled Athens to gain control of Greece?

Sparta

56

What is an acropolis?

It means the upper city. An acropolis served as the site of assembly for political, social, and religious activity and discussion. The Acropolis at Athens contained temples, monuments, and the famed Parthenon.

57

During what time period do we study Ancient Greece?

8th to 6th centuries BC

58

Most citizens lived in large central areas called _________________.

??????

59

Name the 3 types of columns used in Ancient Greek architecture?
1. ____________________
2. ____________________
3. ____________________

1. Doric (plain)
2. Ionic (scrolls)
3. Corinthian (fancy)

60

What did Ancient Greek architects use to hold up heavy roofs of buildings?

Columns

61

What are the names of stories that people made up about gods and goddesses?

Myths

62

Name 3 food crops?
1. ____________________
2. ____________________
3. ____________________

1. Grapes
2. Olive trees
3. Corn