Exam 1 - Bone Classification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 - Bone Classification Deck (14):
1

What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone?

long bones
short bones
flat bones
irregular bones
paranasl sinus/pneumatic bone
sesamoid bones

2

What are the classifications given to abnormal bones stressed in Spinal Anatomy?

heterotopic
accessory bone

3

What is the name given to bone formed in a non-bone location?

heterotopic bone

4

What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone?

accessory bone

5

What is the primary characteristic of short bones?

they are essentially cuboidal

6

What are examples of short bones?

most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus

7

What are examples of flat bones?

the parietal bone
sternum

8

What is characteristic of pneumatic bone?

air spaces within the bone

9

What are examples of pneumatic bone?

frontal
ethmoid
maxilla
sphenoid
temporal

10

What bones contain paranasal sinuses?

frontal
ethmoid
maxialla
sphenoid

11

What is the characteristic of sesamoid bone?

the bone develops within a tendon

12

What are consistent examples of sesamoid bones?

patella
pisiform

13

What are examples of heterotopic bone?

calcific depositis in the pineal gland ((brain sand)), heart, and ligaments

14

What are examples of accessory bone?

para-articular processes
bony spurs of vertebrae