Exam 1 - Bone Surface Features Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Exam 1 - Bone Surface Features > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 - Bone Surface Features Deck (20):
1

What are the four basic surface feature categores

elevations
depression
tunnels/passageways
facets

2

What are the types of osseous elevations?

linear
rounded
sharp

3

What are the types of ossseous linear elevation?

line
ridge
crest

4

What are the types of rounded osseous elevations?

tubercle
protuberance
trochanter
tuber/tuberosity
malleolus

5

What is the definition of an osseous trochanter?

a large, blunt projection from the surface of bone with a significant base and height

6

What is the definition of an osseous malleolus?

a hammerhead-like elevation on the surface of a bone

7

What are the catefories of sharp osseous elevations?

spine
process

8

What are the categories of osseous depressions?

linear
rounded

9

What are the categories of rounded osseous depressions?

fovea
fossa

10

What is the definition of an osseous fovea?

a shallow depression of variable circumference on the surface of bone

11

What are the names given to openings on the surface of bone?

ostium/oriface
hiatus

12

What is the definitino of an osseous hiatus?

an irregular opening on the surface of bone

13

What are the names given to osseous ostia which completely penetrate bone?

foramen
canal

14

What is the definition of an osseous foramen?

an ostium passing completely through a thin region of bone

15

What is the definition of an osseous canal?

an ostium passing completely through a thick region of bone

16

What is the name given to an ostium which does not completely penetrate through a region of bone but appears as a blind-ended passageway?

meatus

17

What is the definition of an osseous fissure?

an irregular slit-like / crack-like appearance between the surfaces of adjacent bones

18

What are the categories of osseous facets?

flat facets
rounded facets

19

What are the categories of rounded osseous facets?

articular heads
articular condyles

20

What is the definition of an osseous condyle?

a knuckle-shaped surface on bone or osseous articulation