Flashcards in Exam 2 - Joint Classification Deck (18)
What term is used to identify the study of joints?
What term is used to identify the study of ligaments?
What are three histological classifications of joints?
What were the three classifications of joints based on movement potential?
What are the characteristics of the (amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis?
primary cartilage joins
composed of hyaline cartilage
form between ossification centers within a cartilage template
What are the four consistent features of synovial (diarthrosis) joints?
articular or fibrous capsule
What movements are accommodated by arthrodial synovial joints?
plane gliding movement
What are examples of synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodial) joints?
most zygapophyses of the vertebral column
Diarthrosis trochoid joints are commonly called ___ joints based on action.
synovial pivot joint
What are the examples of synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid) joint?
median atlanto-axial joint
What is the shared morphological characteristic of diarthrosis trochoid joints?
an osseous pivot point
and an osteo-ligamentous ring
What is a common name for the diarthrosis sellar joint?
synovial saddle joint
What examples of synoivial saddle 9diarthrosis sellar) joint is identified along the spine?
the joint of Lushka of typical cervical is a modified sellar joint
Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle-shaped surface on one side of the joint and a concave surface on the other side?
diarthrosis condylar joint
What example of the diarthoris condylar joint is identified along the spine?
the atlanto-occipital joint may be classified as a diarthrosis condylar joint
Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle shaped surface on one side of the joint and an elliptical surface of the other side?
diarthrosis ellipsoidal joint
What is an example of a diarthrosis ellipsoidal joint?
the atlanto-occipiatal joint of the spine