Exam 2 - Joint Classification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2 - Joint Classification Deck (18):
1

What term is used to identify the study of joints?

arthrology

2

What term is used to identify the study of ligaments?

syndesmology

3

What are three histological classifications of joints?

fibrous
cartilaginous
synovial fluid

4

What were the three classifications of joints based on movement potential?

synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis

5

What are the characteristics of the (amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis?

primary cartilage joins
temporary longevity
composed of hyaline cartilage
form between ossification centers within a cartilage template

6

What are the four consistent features of synovial (diarthrosis) joints?

articular or fibrous capsule
synovial membrane
articular cartilage
synovial fluid

7

What movements are accommodated by arthrodial synovial joints?

translational movement
plane gliding movement

8

What are examples of synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodial) joints?

most zygapophyses of the vertebral column

9

Diarthrosis trochoid joints are commonly called ___ joints based on action.

synovial pivot joint

10

What are the examples of synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid) joint?

median atlanto-axial joint

11

What is the shared morphological characteristic of diarthrosis trochoid joints?

an osseous pivot point
and an osteo-ligamentous ring

12

What is a common name for the diarthrosis sellar joint?

synovial saddle joint

13

What examples of synoivial saddle 9diarthrosis sellar) joint is identified along the spine?

the joint of Lushka of typical cervical is a modified sellar joint

14

Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle-shaped surface on one side of the joint and a concave surface on the other side?

diarthrosis condylar joint

15

What example of the diarthoris condylar joint is identified along the spine?

the atlanto-occipital joint may be classified as a diarthrosis condylar joint

16

Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle shaped surface on one side of the joint and an elliptical surface of the other side?

diarthrosis ellipsoidal joint

17

What is an example of a diarthrosis ellipsoidal joint?

the atlanto-occipiatal joint of the spine

18

Which synovial joint classifications are now often interchanged in textbooks?

ellipsoidal and condylar synovial joints