Exam 1 - The Axial Skeleton Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 - The Axial Skeleton Deck (19):
1

How many bones form the typical adult appendicular skeleton

126 bones

2

How many bones form the typical axial skeleton

80 bones

3

What bones form the axial skeleton?

the skull
hyoid
vertebral collumn
sternum
ribs

4

What is the name given to the adult skull minues the mandible?

the cranium

5

What are the names given to the top of the adult skull?

calvaria / calva

6

What are the categories of bone forming the typical adult skulls?

neurocranium
facial skeleton (splanchnocranium/visceral cranium)
auditory ossicles

7

What is the total number of bones forming the typical adult skull

28 bones

8

How many bones form the typical adult neurocranium?

8 bones

9

What bones form the facial cranium?

madible
vomer
nasal
maxilla
lacrimal
inferior nasal concha
palatine
zygomatic

10

How many bones form the facial skeleton (splanchnocranium / visceral skeleton) ?

14 bones

11

How many bones comprise the typical adult auditor ossicles?

6 bones

12

How many bones are present in the adult hyoid?

1 bone

13

What is the number of bones comprising each region of the typical adult spinal column or vertebral column?

7 cervical
12 thoracic
5 lumbar
1 sacrum
1 coccyx

14

What is the name given to the presacral region of the typical adult vertebral column?

the spine

15

What is the total number of bones forming the typical adult spine?

24 bones

16

What is the definition of "spine" as it pertains to the vertebral column?

the pre-sacral region of the vertebral column or spinal column

17

How many bones are present in the typical adult sternum?

1 bone

18

What regions are present along the typical adult sternum?

the manubrium sterni
the corpus sterni
the xiphoid process

19

How many ribs are present in the typical adult skeleton?

12 pair or 24 ribs