Exam 1 - Developmentally Based Nursing Care PP Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 - Developmentally Based Nursing Care PP Deck (35)
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1
Q
Growth Charts
A
.
2
Q
Developmental Screening Tools
A
.
3
Q
History
A
.
4
Q
Directional Patterns of Growth
A
Cephalocaudal
Proximodistal
5
Q
Cephalocaudal
A
head to toe
6
Q
Proximodistal
A
from the center outward
7
Q
Developmental Theorists
A
Erikson
Piaget
Kohlberg
Fowler
8
Q
Erikson –
A
– Psychosocial
9
Q
Piaget –
A
- Cognitive
10
Q
Kohlberg
A
- Moral
11
Q
Fowler –
A
– Spirituality
12
Q
Erikson's Stages of psychosocial development - increases in complexity starting with

Infant:
A
trust vs mistrust

13
Q
Toddler:
A
Autonomy vs Shame and doubt
14
Q
Pre-Schooler
A
Initiative vs Guilt
15
Q
Grade Schooler
A
Industry vs Inferiority
16
Q
Teenager
A
Identity vs role confusion
17
Q
Young Adult
A
Intimacy vs Isolation
18
Q
Middle Aged Adult
A
generatively vs stagnation
19
Q
Older Adult
A
Integrity vs Despair
20
Q
Piaget
A
How do we learn
How does thinking progress
Stages of cognitive development
21
Q
Piaget's Stages of cognitive development
A
Sensorimotor
Preoperational
Concrete Operational
Formal Operational
22
Q
Sensorimotor Stage
A
0-2

The child begins to interact with the environment
23
Q
Preoperational Stage
A
2-6 or 7

the child begins to represent the world symbolically
24
Q
Concrete Operational Stage
A
7-11 or 12

The child learns rules such as conversation
25
Q
Formal Operational Stage
A
12 - adult

the adolescent can transcend the concrete situation and think about the future
26
Q
Kohlberg-

what is the toddler's moral phase?
A
Preconventional

punishment/obedience
27
Q
What is the preschoolers moral phase?
A
Preconventional

punishment/obedience
28
Q
What is the school aged child's moral phase?
A
Conventional

rules become less absolute and are based on mutual agreement, cooperation, and respect for others.

Maintains social order and conforms to follow rules.
29
Q
What is the adolescent age 13 to 21 years olds moral phase?
A
Post conventional – principled moral reasoning

absolutes and models are questioned.

fair treatment of individuals

justice
30
Q
Adulthood to maturity 60
A
Universal ethical principles
31
Q
Spirituality in Children -- Fowler

Stage 1 –
A
Stage 1 – Toddler/Preschooler – Intuitive-Projective – Images

32
Q
Spirituality in Children -- Fowler

Stage 2–
A
Stage 2 – School Age – Mythic-Literal Faith – Stories of faith

33
Q
Spirituality in Children -- Fowler

Stage 3 –
A
Stage 3 – Adolescents – Synthetic-Conventional Faith – formation of personal faith
34
Q
Spirituality in Children -- Fowler

Stage 4,5, & 6 –
A
Stage 4, 5, 6 – Progression of faith with maturation
35
Q
Development and Hospitalization
A
A child’s response to his illness is influenced by his age as well as his developmental stage.

Our goal as nurses is to minimize the effects of hospitalization on the child’s growth and development; and to even enhance the child’s development of self-esteem and autonomy.