Exam 1 - Developmentally Based Nursing Care PP Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 - Developmentally Based Nursing Care PP Deck (35)
1

Growth Charts

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2

Developmental Screening Tools

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3

History

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4

Directional Patterns of Growth

Cephalocaudal
Proximodistal

5

Cephalocaudal

head to toe

6

Proximodistal

from the center outward

7

Developmental Theorists

Erikson
Piaget
Kohlberg
Fowler

8

Erikson –

– Psychosocial

9

Piaget –

- Cognitive

10

Kohlberg

- Moral

11

Fowler –

– Spirituality

12

Erikson's Stages of psychosocial development - increases in complexity starting with

Infant:

trust vs mistrust

13

Toddler:

Autonomy vs Shame and doubt

14

Pre-Schooler

Initiative vs Guilt

15

Grade Schooler

Industry vs Inferiority

16

Teenager

Identity vs role confusion

17

Young Adult

Intimacy vs Isolation

18

Middle Aged Adult

generatively vs stagnation

19

Older Adult

Integrity vs Despair

20

Piaget

How do we learn
How does thinking progress
Stages of cognitive development

21

Piaget's Stages of cognitive development

Sensorimotor
Preoperational
Concrete Operational
Formal Operational

22

Sensorimotor Stage

0-2

The child begins to interact with the environment

23

Preoperational Stage

2-6 or 7

the child begins to represent the world symbolically

24

Concrete Operational Stage

7-11 or 12

The child learns rules such as conversation

25

Formal Operational Stage

12 - adult

the adolescent can transcend the concrete situation and think about the future

26

Kohlberg-

what is the toddler's moral phase?

Preconventional

punishment/obedience

27

What is the preschoolers moral phase?

Preconventional

punishment/obedience

28

What is the school aged child's moral phase?

Conventional

rules become less absolute and are based on mutual agreement, cooperation, and respect for others.

Maintains social order and conforms to follow rules.

29

What is the adolescent age 13 to 21 years olds moral phase?

Post conventional – principled moral reasoning

absolutes and models are questioned.

fair treatment of individuals

justice

30

Adulthood to maturity 60

Universal ethical principles

31

Spirituality in Children -- Fowler

Stage 1 –

Stage 1 – Toddler/Preschooler – Intuitive-Projective – Images

32

Spirituality in Children -- Fowler

Stage 2–

Stage 2 – School Age – Mythic-Literal Faith – Stories of faith

33

Spirituality in Children -- Fowler

Stage 3 –

Stage 3 – Adolescents – Synthetic-Conventional Faith – formation of personal faith

34

Spirituality in Children -- Fowler

Stage 4,5, & 6 –

Stage 4, 5, 6 – Progression of faith with maturation

35

Development and Hospitalization

A child’s response to his illness is influenced by his age as well as his developmental stage.

Our goal as nurses is to minimize the effects of hospitalization on the child’s growth and development; and to even enhance the child’s development of self-esteem and autonomy.