Exam 1 - Section 4 (9/20) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 - Section 4 (9/20) Deck (79):
1

_________ = life drive

libido

2

Common themes in neo-Freudian thought –

– Less emphasis on and reinterpretation of the _________
– Less emphasis on _________ mental processes and more on conscious thought
• Ego psychology
– Less emphasis on instinctual drives and mental life as the source of psychological difficulties, and more on interpersonal relationships

-libido
-unconscious

3

Common themes in neo-Freudian thought –

– Less emphasis on and reinterpretation of the libido
– Less emphasis on unconscious mental processes and more on conscious thought
• _________ psychology
– Less emphasis on _________ drives and mental life as the source of psychological difficulties, and more on _________ relationships

-Ego
-instinctual
-interpersonal

4

Common themes in _________ thought –

– Less emphasis on and reinterpretation of the libido
– Less emphasis on unconscious mental processes and more on conscious thought
• Ego psychology
– Less emphasis on instinctual drives and mental life as the source of psychological difficulties, and more on interpersonal relationships

neo-Freudian

5

-WHO-

_________ :
– Thought Freud focused too much on sex – More importance on social interest – Organ inferiority
– Perceptions of weakness are more important than reality

Alfred Adler

6

Alfred Adler:

– Thought Freud focused too much on _________ – More importance on social interest – _________ inferiority
– Perceptions of weakness are more important than reality

-sex
-Organ

7

Alfred Adler:

– Thought Freud focused too much on sex – More importance on social interest – Organ inferiority
– Perceptions of _________ are more important than _________

-weakness
-reality

8

-WHO-

_________ :
Individual psychology: understanding the behavior of each person as a complex, organized entity operating within a society. Struggle for perfection:
– But... we’re all inferior!

Alfred Adler:

9

Alfred Adler:

were all organ _________ - not just women like _________ theory

-inferior
-freuds

10

Alfred Adler:

Individual psychology: understanding the behavior of each person as a complex, organized _________ operating within a society. Struggle for _________ :
– But... we’re all inferior!

-entity
-perfection

11

-WHO-

_________ :

Superiority: striving to attain perfection
• Striving for superiority to attain completion leads to psychological health
• Striving for personal superiority leads to neurosis

- inferiority main driving force

Alfred Adler:

12

Alfred Adler:

Superiority: striving to attain perfection
• Striving for superiority to attain completion leads to _________ health
• Striving for personal superiority leads to _________

- inferiority main driving force

-psychological
-neurosis

13

Alfred Adler:

- _________ main driving force

-inferiority

14

Alfred Adler:

It is not the defect itself that produces the striving, but the person's _________ toward it

-attitude

15

Alfred Adler:

– _________ : learned tendency to respond to an object in a consistently favorable or unfavorable way

Attitude

16

Alfred Adler:

_________ : biologically based defect that gives rise to feelings of inadequacy

Organ inferiority

17

Alfred Adler:

_________ : attempts by an individual, male or female, to compensate for feelings of inferiority by acting as though superior to others

Masculine protest

18

Alfred Adler:

• _________ : motivation to overcome inferiority.

compensation

19

Alfred Adler:

_________ :
– A condition that develops when a person is unable to compensate for normal inferiority.

Inferiority complex

20

Alfred Adler:

_________ : exaggerated attempts by individuals to overcome their feelings of inferiority by acting as though they are personally superior to others

Overcompensation

21

Alfred Adler:

_________ :
– A condition that develops when a person uses overcompensation too much

Superiority complex

22

Alfred Adler:

_________ :

Likes to cook, says they dont need to take a cooking class because what could they learn from it

Superiority complex

23

-Compensatory Behaviors-

_________ :
• Passivity
• Timidity
• Seclusion
• Denial of flattery
• Sensitivity

_________ :
• Assertiveness
• Independence
• Dominance
• Self-centeredness

-Inferiority
-Superiority

24

When children are raised with very little power and control, then they compensate later with _________

Masculine protest

25

_________ :

Collective unconscious and archetypes
– Earth mother, hero, devil, supreme being
– Appear in dreams, fantasies, mythology, and modern literature

Carl Jung

26

Carl Jung:

Collective unconscious and archetypes
– Earth mother, hero, devil, _________ being
– Appear in _________, fantasies, mythology, and modern literature

-supreme
-dreams

27

_________ - The total personality

The Psyche

28

_________ : construct to represent all of the interacting systems within human personality that are needed to account for the mental life and behavior of the person.

Psyche

29

Psyche: construct to represent all of the interacting systems within human _________ that are needed to account for the mental life and _________ of the person.

-personality
-behavior

30

_________ is a general life process energy (all of the urges that are derived from conflict between _________ in the psyche)

-Libido
-forces

31

-Operation of the psyche-

Principle of _________ : idea that the energy that propels personality and behavior is derived from the interplay between opposite forces within the psyche

opposites

32

-Operation of the psyche-

Principle of _________ : idea that energy expended in one part of the psyche will be compensated for by an equal amount of energy in the same or different form in another part of the psyche

equivalence

33

-Operation of the psyche-

Principle of _________ : idea that energy is automatically redistributed in the psyche in order to achieve equilibrium

entropy

34

_________ : A complex of representations (force) in the personality responsible for feelings of identity and continuity

Ego

35

• Ego is a complex that is one part of the _________

psyche

36

_________ : region that contains all of the personal experiences that have been blocked from awareness

Personal unconscious

37

_________ : “Next to” the ego: forgo:en experiences – unpleasantness - weak impressions

Personal unconscious

38

_________ : depository of instincts and archetypes that go beyond personal experience; these transpersonal experiences are the residue of human evolutionary development

Collective unconscious

39

Collective unconscious: depository of instincts and archetypes that go beyond personal _________ ; these transpersonal experiences are the residue of human _________ development

-experience
-evolutionary

40

_________ : universal themes or symbols that can be activated by forces operating in the psyche

Archetypes

41

Archetypes: universal themes or symbols that can be activated by _________ operating in the _________

-forces
-psyche

42

-Archetypes: (themes)-

_________ : role human beings play in order to meet the demands of others. A compromise b/t demands of the environment and the necessities of the individual’s inner constitution. A mask.

Persona

43

-Archetypes: (themes)-

_________ : inferior, evil, and repulsive side of human nature. Dark bits of humanness. Contains both Freud’s sexual instinct and Adler’s will to power.

Shadow

44

-Archetypes: (themes)-

_________ : feminine archetype in men, including both positive and negative characteristics of the transpersonal female

Anima

45

-Archetypes: (themes)-

_________ : masculine archetype in woman, including both positive and negative characteristics of the transpersonal male

Animus

46

-Archetypes: (themes)-

_________ : archetype that leads people to search for ways of maximizing the development of their multifaceted potentials
– “Way of individualization”

Self

47

-Archetypes: (themes)-

_________ : process by which a conflict is resolved by bringing opposing forces into balance with each other through understanding

Transcendent function

48

-Archetypes: (themes)-

_________ : symbolic representation of the self; multifaceted, balanced, and harmonious

Mandala

49

-Later-Day Issues and Theorists-

Persona
– _________ to some degree
– Possible _________

-False
-danger

50

-Later-Day Issues and Theorists-

Anima and animus
– Cause a _________ side and feminine side in everyone
– Shape responses to the other _________

-masculine
-sex

51

Four functions (ways of relating to the world):

_________ : initial, concrete experiencing of phenomena without the use of reason

Sensing

52

Four functions (ways of relating to the world):

_________ : relying on hunches when dealing with strange situations that have no established facts

Intuiting

53

Four functions (ways of relating to the world):

_________ : helps us understand events through the use of reason and logic

Thinking

54

Four functions (ways of relating to the world):

_________ : evaluation of events by judging whether they are good or bad, acceptable, or unacceptable

Feeling

55

Four functions (ways of relating to the world):

_________ : evaluation of events by judging whether they are good or bad, acceptable, or unacceptable

Feeling

56

_________ functions: modes of making judgments or evaluations of events in the world.

Rational

57

_________ functions: modes of apprehending the world without evaluating it.

Irrational

58

_________ :

people classified in to eight
types on the basis of a combination of attitudes and functions

Theory of psychological types

59

_________ type: characterized in a positively by an ability to organize masses of facts into a coherent theory, and in negatively by a selfish and exploitative attitude toward others

Extraverted thinking

60

_________ type: characterized positively by imagination and an ability to think originally and boldly, and negatively by social ineptness

Introverted thinking

61

_________ type: characterized positively by an acceptance of the standards of society, and negatively by a change in emotions from situation to situation

Extraverted feeling

62

_________ type: characterized positively by intense feelings of sympathy for others who have experienced misfortune, and negatively by shyness and inaccessibility

Introverted feeling

63

_________ type: characterized positively by an appreciation for the arts, and negatively by crude pleasure seeking

Extraverted sensing

64

_________ type: characterized positively by the intensity of subjective sensations, and negatively by oversensitivity and obtuseness

Introverted sensing

65

_________ type: characterized positively by a quick grasp of the creative possibilities in various ventures, and negatively by impatience and flightiness

Extraverted intuitive

66

_________ type: characterized positively by the ability to envision the future, and negatively by an inability to communicate effectively with others

Introverted intuitive

67

-Personality Development-

_________ : goal of development is the realization of one's potentials. Progress is not automatic.
– Environment matters as growth can be stunted by harsh or irrational parenting

Self-realization

68

-Personality Development-

_________ :
– In Jung s view, these differ primarily in the severity of their consequences

Neurosis and psychosis

69

-Personality Development-

Neurosis and psychosis
– In _________ view, neurosis and psychosis differ primarily in
the severity of their _________

-Jungs
-consequences

70

-Personality Development-

_________ :
Repressed forces create problems in functioning, rather than transcendent function

Neurosis and psychosis

71

-HORNEY'S SOCIAL AND CULTURAL PSYCHOANALYSIS-

_________ : A Major Form of Neurotic Competitiveness

Hypercompetitiveness

72

--HORNEY-

_________ :
– indiscriminate need to win at all costs in order to feel superior
– a means of maintaining ones feelings of self worth

Hypercompetitiveness

73

--HORNEY-

Hypercompetitive parents tend to treat their children poorly, giving rise to _________

neurosis

74

Traits of _________
• Hostile
• Dogmatic
• Arrogant
• Aggressive
• Derisive toward others

hypercompetitiveness

75

Hypercompetitives:
– Characterized by _________ psychopathy:
aggressiveness, callousness, and lack of remorse
– Not characterized by _________ psychopathy: excessive guilt; lack of clarity about goals

-primary
-secondary

76

Hypercompetitives:
– Characterized by primary psychopathy: _________, callousness, and lack of _________
– Not characterized by secondary psychopathy: excessive _________ ; lack of clarity about goals

-aggressiveness
-remorse
-guilt

77

_________ :
need to check ruthless ambition and excessive competitive strivings because of extreme fear of losing the affection and approval of others due to success or failure in competition

Competition avoidance

78

Competition avoidance:
need to check ruthless ambition and excessive _________ strivings because of extreme fear of losing the _________ and approval of others due to success or failure in competition

-competitive
-affection

79

Competition avoiders:
– Minimize their chances for success by _________ themselves – Feel embarrassed or humiliated by competitive defeat
– Engage in _________ : giving plausible excuses for poor performance in order to protect one s self-esteem

-belittling
-self-handicapping