Exam 3 - Section 3 (11/01) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 3 - Section 3 (11/01) Deck (44):
1

_________ -
Addresses how personality traits that differ among individuals are passed from parent to child and shared by biological relatives

Behavioral Genetics

2

_________ - Looks at how we differ given similar genetic predispositions

Behavioral Genetics

3

_________ - even though you may have same genes, you are different due to environment

Epigenetic's

4

_________ - Breed out people with intellectual disabilities

eugenics

5

we can't predict outcomes of _________ because of _________

-genes
-environments

6

phenotypes - physical traits, how we can observe the _________ of genes

expression

7

_________ -

connections between phenotype and genotype

Calculating Heritability

8

Calculating Heritability - Comparing personality type similarities and _________ in people with same _________ - twins

-differences
-genes

9

Heritability coefficients from _________ studies ≈ .40

-twin

10

Heritability coefficients from _________ studies ≈ .20

non-twin

11

Calcula-ng Heritabilities

Genes _________ and they interact with the _________

-vary
-environment

12

Monozygotic (MZ) - _________

Identical

13

dizygotic (DZ) - two separate _________, and so _________

-ova
-not identical

14

To examine how phenotypes may be attributed to _________ in _________

-variation
-genotypes

15

Heritability - Environmental differences make a bigger impact than _________

genetics

16

_________ - the amount that genes matter

Heritability

17

Genes impact the development and probability of a particular _________ and those traits will set the stage for you to _________ in a certain way

-trait
-behave

18

Traits with little variation will have _________
close to _________

-heritabilities
-zero

19

• _________ affects dopamine receptors

DRD4

20

• _________ gene affects serotonin

5-HTT

21

• 5-HTT gene affects _________

serotonin

22

• DRD4 affects _________ receptors

dopamine

23

_________ - Variance in genes and the different outcomes of how you are

Alleles

24

Alleles - some differences between _________ groups

cultural

25

Genes are not _________
• There must be an environment in order for
there to be _________

-causal
-behavior

26

• Environments can affect _________

heritabilities

27

Choice of environment matters in the _________ of our genes (phenotype)

expression

28

• _________ : experience affects biology

Epigenetics

29

• Epigenetics: experience affects biology
- _________, nutrition

Stress

30

You can have the gene for schizophrenia but depending on your _________ you may not experience it

environment

31

• Evolution and behavior

-Identify common _________ patterns and then determine how the behavior was _________

-behavior
-adaptive

32

Aggression and _________ - evelutionarily developed behaviors

altruism

33

_________ - the reflection of how other people think of you

sociometer theory

34

_________ - the better you can gauge if people like you the more likely you are to stay alive

sociometer theory

35

_________ - what we look for in the opposite sex

Mate selection

36

_________ - how one behaves inside a heterosexual relationship

Mating strategies

37

Mating behavior: Attraction

– Men place higher value on _________ attractiveness
and prefer _________ mates

-physical
-younger

38

Mating behavior: Attraction

Women place higher value on _________ security and prefer _________ mates

-economic
-older

39

Mating behavior: Attraction

Both want the highest likelihood of healthy _________ who will survive and _________

-offspring
-reproduce

40

Mating behavior: Attraction

complications--
-Values put on women's _________ is different now
-Male physical attractiveness is more _________ to women than it should be

-body
-important

41

Mating behavior: Attraction

complications--
• _________ matters

Culture

42

Mating behavior: Sociosexuality – Men are generally _________

higher

43

-Men are more upset at _________ infidelity
-Women are more upset at _________ infidelity

-sexual
-emotional

44

– Sexy son hypothesis

-Mating with an attractive but unstable person may produce a _________ that is good at mating and will take care of the _________

-son
-mother