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Flashcards in Exam 1 Terms Deck (135):
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Abuse

Any care that results in physical harm or pain, or mental anguish

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Aide

Assistant-
Dental, dietetic, education, geriatric, home health care, med, med lab, medication, mortuary, nurse, ot, opthalmic, pathology, pt, physician, rt, vet

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Ancient Romans did..

First to organize medical care

Began public health and sanitation systems

Diet, exercise, and medications uses

3

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

Invented the microscope 1666

4

Assault and battery

Threat or attempt at injure

Unlawful touching of another person without consent

(Performing a procedure after a patient has refused, threatening a patient)

5

Associate's Degree

Awarded by a technical/career or community college after completion of two years

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Athletic Trainer

Bachelor or master's required

Treat and prevent athletic injuries

Works with a physician

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Audiologist

Master's Degree & 9-month postgrad clinical

Provide care to patients with hearing impairments

Test hearing, diagnose problems, prescribe trestment

8

Bachelor's Degree

Awarded by college or university

After four years

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Behaviors associated with wellness

Eight hours of sleep
Eat right
Exercise

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Biomedical engineer

Bachelor's or Master's Degree

Combine engineering and bio mechanical principles to assist in operation of facilities

Design systems, machines, and equipment

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Biomedical engineer technician

Install, test, service, and repair equipment

Sometimes teach other staff members how to operate

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Birth control pills

Taken daily to reduce possibility of pregnancy

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Cardiologist

Deals with diseases of the heart and blood vessels

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Central/Sterile supply worker

On the job training, 1-2 year HSTE program

Ordering, maintaining, supplying equipment to other departments in facilities

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Christian Barnard

First open-heart surgery 1967

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Competance

Qualified and capable of performing a task

Know limits and ask for help when needed

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Confidentiality

HIPPA (Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act)

Strict standards for maintaining confidentiality of health care records

18

Contracts

An agreement between two or more parties

Implied- obligations are understood without verbally expressed

Expressed- stated in distinct and clear language, orally or written

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Defamation

Occurs when false statements either cause a person to be ridiculed or damage th eperson's reputation

Spoken = slander
Written = libel

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Health Care

Ask janelle

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Dental Hygienist

Work under supervision of dentists

Perform prelims treatment of mouth and teeth, clean, fluoride, ect

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Dental laboratory tech

Make and repair various dental prostheses

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Dependability

Employers and patients rely on you, so you must accept the work and responsibility of your position

Prompt, timely, accurate, good attendance

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Dermatologist

Physician who specializes in hair, skin, and nails

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Dialysis tech

A.k.a.
- Renal Dialysis tech
- Hemodialysis tech
- Nephrodialysis tech

Operate kidney hemodialysis machines

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Dietition

Bachelor's or master's

Manage food service systems, asses patients, teach proper nutrition, research and develop recommendations for patients, and supervise and train

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Doctor's degree

Doctorate, Doctoral, or Doctor's degree

Awarded by college or university after two additional years beyond a bachelor's or master's

Some require 2-6 additional

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Dorothea Dix

Founder of +30 mental hospitals

Activist on behalf of the mentally ill

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Electrocardiograph tech

Operates electrocardiograph
---Records electrical activity of brain
---Records are called electroencephalogram

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Electroencephalogram tech

Advanced position of electrocardiograph tech

Perform EEG's, nerve conduction tests, measure sensory and physical response, EP (evoked potential) tests, and brain response

Polysomnographic tech - specialize in sleep

31

Elizabeth Blackwell

First women to graduate medical school

Became leading public health activist

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Emergency med tech

Sometimes serve in fire and rescue departments

Levels: EMT basic, intermediate, paramedic
Also first responder

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Emotional wellness

Promoted by understanding personal feelings and expressing them appropriately, accepting one's limitations, adjusting to change, being optimistic

34

Empathy

Being able to identify with and understand another person's feelings, situations, and motives

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Endodontics

Treatment of diseases of the pulp, nerves, blood vessels, and roots of teeth

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Entrepreneur

Individual who organizes, manages, and assumes the risk of a business

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Epidemieologist

Master's or Docter's degrees

Identify and track diseases as they occur in groups of people

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Ethics

Set of principles relating to what is morally right and wrong

Offer a standard of conduct or code of behavior

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False imprisonment

Restraining an individual or restricting their freedom

Keeping patients against their own will

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Genetic counselor

Provide information to individuals on genetic diseases

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Geriatric assistant

Provide care for patients baths, bedmaking, feeding)

Require more education to care for elderly in extended care facilities

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Gerontologist



Disease of elderly individuals

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Geriatrician

Specializes in elderly individuals

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Gynecologist

Diseases of the female reproductive systems

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Health

Ask

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Health care admin

Health care executives / health service managers

Plan, direct, coordinate, and supervise delivery of health care and manage the operation of facilities

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Informed consent

Permission granted voluntarily by a person who is sound of mind after a procedure and all risks involved have been explained

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Invasion of privacy

Unnecessarily exposing an individual or revealing personal information without individual's consent

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Integrative care

Uses mainstream medical treatments and CAM (complementary or alternative) therapies to treat a patient

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Libel

Written defamation (false statements that ridicule someone)

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Licensed vocational / practical nurse

Work under supervision of RN's

Provide care requiring technical knowledge

52

Living will

Documents that allow individual to state what measures should or shouldn't be taken to prolong their live when conditions are terminal

53

Malpractice

Bad practice / professional negligence

The failure of a professional to use the degree of skill and learning commonly expected in that individual's profession, resulting in injury, loss, or damage to a patient

54

Master's degree

Awarded after +1 years after a bachelor's degree

55

Medical clinical lab tech

Work under pathologists

Study tissues, fluids, and cells to help determine presence or causes of diseases

56

Medical illustrator

Produce charts, illustrations, graphs, and diagrams for health textbooks, journals, magazines, and exhibits

57

Medical translator

Assist cross-cultural communication processes by converting languages

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Mental wellness

Promoted by being creative, logical, curious, and open minded

Learning from experiences

Solves problems easily

59

Louise Joy Brown

First invirto fertilization baby produced by Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe -1978

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Five dimensions of humans

Touch, taste, sound, smell, sight

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Florence Nightingale

Writings sparked world wide health care reform

Improved unsanitary conditions of a British based hospital during the Crimean war

"Lady with the Lamp"

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Gabriel Fahrenheit

German physicist

Devised a temperature scale and introduced use of mercury into thermometers

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Gastroenterologist

Treats individuals with digestive system issues

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Health information tech

organize and manage health information data by ensuring its quality, accuracy, accessibility, and security in both paper and electronic systems

65

Homeopathic care

complete medical art and science based upon the principle of stimulating the innate ability of the body to heal itself.

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Intellectual wellness

Encourages creative, curious, and mentally stimulating activities

67

Internist

Specialist in internal medicines

68

Joseph Priestly

Discovered oxygen

69

Kidney transplant

operation in which a person whose own kidneys have failed receives a new kidney to take over the work of cleaning the blood

70

Health care levels

Primary- center physicians, public health nurse, health workers, traditional healers

Secondary- Infirmaries, municipal, district hospital, out-patient departments

Tertiary- Medical centers, regional and provincial hospitals and specialized hospitals.

71

Louis Pasteur

discovered that microbes were responsible for souring alcohol and came up with the process of pasteurization, where bacteria is destroyed by heating beverages and then allowing them to cool

72

Marie Curie

first woman to win a Nobel Prize
only woman to win the award in two different fields (physics and chemistry)
efforts, with her husband, Pierre Curie, led to the discovery of polonium and radium and, after Pierre's death, the development of X-rays.

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Objective data

not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or prejudice; based on facts; unbiased

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Oncology hospital

Hospital specializing in cancer

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Opthamologist

the branch of medicine dealing with the eye, including its anatomy, physiology, and pathology

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Pediatric hospital

Specializes in children

77

Periodontist

periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease, and in the placement of dental implants

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Polio vaccine

Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus that invades the nervous system. Polio is an infectious disease caused by a virus that lives in the throat and intestinal tract

79

Professional

Following a profession for a means of livelihood

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Professional characteristics

Appearance, demeanor, reliability, competence, ethics, poise, accountability, organized

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Promotion

Raised in position or rank

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Rene Laennec

1816 invented the stethoscope

83

Robert Koch

best known for isolating the tuberculosis bacterium

won the Nobel Prize in 1905

considered one of the founders of microbiology

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Spiritual wellness

Seeking meaning and purpose in life

85

Stages of illness

-Symptoms Experience - the client experience some symptoms
-Assumption of sick role - acceptance of illness, sick advice
-Medical care Contact - seeks advice to professionals for validation of real illness
-Dependent patient role - becomes dependent on health professional for help
-Recovery/Rehabilitation - returns to normal or former role and function

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Sympathy

Feeling of concern to another human

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Technician

Animal health, biomed, biotech, dental lab, dialysis, diatetic, education, electrocardiograph, emergency med, forensic science, health info, med records, mental health, nurse, pharm, surgical, vet

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Technologist

Animal health, cardiovascular, clinical lab, education, electroencephalograph, extracorporeal circulation, med lab, nuclear medicine, opthalmic med, radiologic, ultrasound, vet

89

Negligence

Failure to give care that is normally expected of a person in a particular position

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Neurologist

Disorders of the brain and nervous systems

91

Occupational therapist

S

92

Oncologist

Diagnoses and treatment of tumors and cancer

93

Occupational therapists

Help carry out programs

Direct patient crafts and projects

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Orthodontist

Aligns and straightens teeth

95

Orthopedic hospital

Specializes in diseases and disorders in the bones and muscles

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Orthopedist

Diseases of the muscles and bones

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Pathologists

Diseases of the changes in organs, tissues, and cells

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Pediatrician

Diseases and disorders in children

99

Perfusionists

Extracorporeal circulation techs

Member of open heart surgeries

Operate heart-lung machines used in coronary bypass surgeries

100

Periodontics

Treatment and prevention of diseases in gums, bone, and teeth structures

101

Pharmacist

Dispense meds per written orders from physicians

Provide drug info, care, and directions

102

Phlebotomist

Venipuncture techs

Collect blood and prepare it for testing

103

Physical therapists

Work under physiatrists

Provide treatment for mobility and prevent permanent damage and disability

104

Physician assistant

Under supervision of physicians

Prepare patients for exams

Take vitals signs

Prep for labs, tests, procedures

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Prevention

Providing care before acute or chronic disease occurs

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Proctologist

Disease of lower part of large intestine

107

Pyschologist

Study human behavior and use is knowledge to help individuals deal with problems

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Radiologist

Use of xrays and radiation to diagnose problems

109

Recreational therapists

Therapeutic recreation specialists

Use recreational and leisure activities as forms of treatment to minimize patients' symptoms

110

Rehabilitative hospital

Extended care / skilled care

Designed to provide skilled nursing care and rehabilitative care to prepare patients

111

Self motivation

Ability to begin or follow through with a task

112

Slander

Spoken defamation

113

Small pox vaccine

Edward Jenner 1796

114

Social wellness

Showing concern, fairness, affection, tolerance, and respect

115

Sociologist

Study of humans, origins, organizations, and development of humans

116

Speech-language therapist

Speech therapists / speech scientists

Identify, evaluate, and treat patients with speech and language disorders

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Subjective data

less on fact and based more on personal interpretation or patient reporting

may include things such as the patient's reported energy level, pain level, anxiety level, or skin color

118

Tact

Having the ability to say or do fitting things in a particular situation

119

Team player

Working together with doctors and staff above and below you

120

Torts

Wrongful act that does not involve a contract

Civil wrong instead of a crime

121

Verbal abuse

Speaking harshly, swearing or shouting, inappropriate language, writing threats

122

Sigmund frued

developed psychoanalysis, a method through which an analyst unpacks unconscious conflicts based on the free associations, dreams and fantasies of the patient

123

Licensure

You have a license to practice a specific thing

124

NHCSS

Nation Health Care Skills Standards

125

Continuing educational units

nationally recognized method of quantifying the time spent in the classroom during professional development and training activities

126

HIPPA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

sets national standards for the security of electronic protected health information

127

AIDS

1984 by Dr. Robert Gallo

128

Nursing education

1800s
By American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses

129

Clara Barton

Founded and was president of the first ever American Red Cross

130

Hippocrates

"father of medicine"

contributions to medicine include detailed observations of disease and its effects, and an understanding of how health is often influenced by diet, breakdowns in bodily processes, and the environment

131

Joseph Lister

regarded as the founder of antiseptic medicine

learned of Louis Pasteur's theory that microorganisms cause infection.

132

Sir Alexander Flemming

Discovered penicillin in 1928

133

William Harvey

English physician who was the first to describe accurately how blood was pumped around the body by the heart

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William Roentgen

chiefly associated with his discovery of the rays that he called X-rays