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Flashcards in Final Exam Terms Deck (220):
0

Abdominal cavity

Inferior surface of diaphragm

Stomach, liver, spleen, colon

Protected by lumbar vertebrae

1

Abduction

Away from body

2

Adduction

Towards body

3

Abuse

Willful infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation or punishment resulting in harm, deprivation of an individual to maintain necessary physical, mental, and social well-being

4

Acculturation

Process of learning beliefs and behaviors of a dominant culture and assuming some of its characteristics

5

Adipose tissue

Fat tissue

6

Adult ratio for CPR

30 compressions to 2 breaths

7

Afferent nerves

Sensory nerves

Carry impulses to the brain and spinal cord

8

Alternative health care means

Alternative remedies that used in place of biomedical therapies

Used in place or in conjunction with conventional therapies

9

Amino acids are made of

Main component of proteins

10

Amylase

enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars

11

Anatomy

Study of the structure of an organism

12

Anemia

Disease caused by lack of blood or insufficient amount of red blood cells

13

Anuerysm

An aneurysm is an abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery due to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel.

14

Antibiotics treat?

Bacterial infections

15

Antisepsis

Aseptic control that inhibits, slows growth of, or kills pathogenic organisms

Not effective in viruses or spores

16

Arachnoid membrane

One of the three meninges

Covers brain and spinal cord

17

Assault and battery

Physical or verbal attack on another person

Treatment or care given without consent

18

Bartholin's glands

glands are located on each side of the vaginal opening. These glands secrete fluid that helps lubricate the vagina

19

Basic needs of life

Oxygen, food, water, sleep, sex, homeostasis

20

Basophils

Least common white blood cell (leukocytes)

Produce histamine and kills invading cells

21

Bias

Preference that inhibits impartial judgement

22

Biology

Study of life

23

Body mechanics

Way in which body moves and maintains proper balance

24

Brachial pulse site

Brachial artery in arm

25

Bulbourethral glands

The Bulbourethral gland is the gland responsible for excretion of a sexual fluid called pre-ejaculate. This fluid is released through the urethra during sexual.

26

Cardiac sphincter

muscle fibers about the opening of the esophagus into the stomach.

27

Carotid pulse site

Two arteries in neck

28

Centrosome

Cell cytoplasm that contains two centrioles

Important in reproduction

29

Cervical vertebrae

Seven

Neck bones

30

Chambers of heart and oxygen levels

Two atriums, two ventricles

Vena cava -> right atrium -> tricuspid valve -> right ventricle -> pulmonary valve -> pulmonary artery (to lungs) -> pulmonary veins (from lungs) ->left atrium -> mitral valve -> left ventricle -> aorta

31

Characteristics of culture

Values, beliefs, ideas, customs passed from one generation to the next

32

Characterisitcs of resume

Computer printed and typed
Attractive in appearance
Concise and pertinent
Correct spelling, grammar, punctuation

33

Characteristics of taking a pulse

Adults 60-100 beats/minute
Children 70-100
Infants 100-160

Note rhythm and volume

34

Chemical disinfection

Destroys or kills pathogenic organisms

35

Chromatin

Structure in nucleus that carry genes

36

Chronic dementia

A chronic impairment of cognitive and intellectual functioning including memory impairment, which interferes with the activities of daily living

37

Circulatory system

Cardiovascular

Heart, blood, veins, arteries

38

Common cold

Viral infection of upper respiratory system

39

Communication skills

Good eye contact
Clear tone and voice
Interactive

40

Compensation

Something given or received as an equal after a loss

41

Computerized tomography

CT scan

42

Conjuctiva

Mucous membrane that covers eyelids and front of eyes

43

Connecting nerves

Carry sensory and motor nerves

44

Connective tissue

Fabric of organs

45

Types of tissues

Connective, epithelial, muscle

46

Cornea

Transparent and circular part of sclera

47

Coronal plane

Cuts body in half front and back

48

Cover letter paragraphs

1. Purpose for writing
2.why are you qualified
3.state that resume is included
4.close with request for interview

49

Cowper's glands

Two small glands under the prostate and connected to small tubes to the urethra

Secretes mucous that lubricates during intercourse

50

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

When blood flow to brain is impaired

51

Cyanosis

Bluish coloration because of lack of oxygen

52

Cytoplasm

Semifluid inside cell but outside nucleus
Site for all chemical reactions

53

Damaged materials

Report to instructor immediately

54

Defamation

Spread of negative talk

55

Dehydration

Insufficient amounts of fluids in body

56

Delirium

Acute and reversible mental confusion

57

Dendrite

Nerve fibers carry sense to cell body

58

Diaphoresis

Excessive perspiration

59

Diaphysis

Long shaft of bone
Filled with yellow marrow

60

Digestive system

Break downs food
Alimentary canal and accessory organs

61

Direct contact

Uninfected individual comes in contact with infected individual
Ex. Aids

62

Displacement

Defense mechanism
Feelings are given to someone else to feel

63

Dorsal or posterior

Back of body

64

Dura mater

Thick outer layer of meninges

65

Dyspnea

Difficult breathing

66

E-medicine

Patient can contact doctor through email

67

Edema

Swelling
Excessive fluids in a tissue

68

Efferent nerves

Motor nerves that carry messages to brain and spinal cord to the muscles

69

Ejaculatory duct

Carry semen through the prostate gland to urethra

70

Electrocardiogram ECG

Graphic tracing of electrical movements of heart

71

Embolus

Foreign substance in bloodstream
Clot

72

Endometrium

Inner layer of uterus

73

Endoplasmic reticulum

Tubular network in cytoplasm
Transportation of materials into nucleus
Stores proteins and aids in synthesiss

74

Eosinophils

Leukocyte that rids toxins
Defends allergies
Antihistamines

75

Epidemiologist

Track diseases
identify risk factors

76

Epididymis

Stores sperm

77

Epiphysis

End of bone
Red marrow

78

Epithelial tissue

Covers body
Iines internal organs

79

Ergonomics

Science applied to safety and well being of people

80

Esophagus

Muscular tube behind trachea
Receives bolus from pharynx
Uses peristalsis

81

Ethnocentricity

Person is better than anyone else

82

Eustachian tube

Tube in ear that connects middle ear to pharynx
Allows air to enter middle ear
Equalizes pressure

83

Extended family

Nucleur plus gma gpa aunts and uncle

84

Extension

Opening the end of a joint

85

Factors increasing blood pressure

Anxiety
Nervousness
Obesity
Smoking

86

Factors decreasing blood pressure

Shock
Sleep
Dehydration
Hemorrhage

87

False imprisonment

Restraining individual against will

88

Fascia

Sheet like membrane that protects tissue

89

Femoral pulse site

Inside of thigh

90

Fimbriae

Fingerlike projections at end of fallopian tubes that push ovum

91

Flexion

Decreasing angle of joint

92

Foramina

Opening in a bone that blood vessels and nerves pass through

93

Frederick Banting 1922

Created insulin

94

Frontal plane

Body into front and back

95

Fungi

Plantlike organisms
Ringworm
Athletes foot

96

Gastrocnemius

Calf muscle

97

Geriatric embassador

Promotes care for elderly

98

Gerontologist

Specialists in old people

99

Golgi apparatus

Stack of membrane that store, package, and produce secretions

100

Gynecologist

Specialist in female reproductive system

101

Heart sound

Lubb dupp

102

Hemiplegia

Paralysis on one side of body

103

Hemoglobin

Complex protein made of protein globin and iron compound heme
Carries oxygen and co2

104

Hemophilia

Lack of plasma protein so blood cant clot
In men

105

Hepatitis

Liver inflammation

106

HIPAA

Federal regulations to protect patients

107

Homeostasis

Constant balance in body

108

Hydration

Sufficient fluids in body

109

Hydrochloric acid

Kills bacteria
Activates pepsin in stomach

110

Hyperthermia

Body exceeds 104 degrees

111

Hypothermia

Body is under 95 degrees

112

Indirect contact

Individual comes in contact with inanimate infected object

113

Internist

Specializes in internal organs

114

Iris

Colored part of eye

115

Joints

Meeting of two bones

116

Joseph Lister 1865

Starts of disenfectants

117

Labia majora and minora

Fatty folds of vagina

118

Large intestine

Final section of alimentary canal
Absorbs water and final nutrients

119

Laryngopharynx

Bottom part of pharynx

120

Left atrium

Receives oxygenated blood from lungs

121

Left ventricle

Received oxygenated blood from left atrium and pumps blood into aorta for body cells

122

Leukemia

Malignant disease of bone marrow

123

Libel

False written statements

124

Ligaments

Fibrous tissue connects bone to bone

125

Lipase

Pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes breakdown of fatty tissues

126

Lumbar vertebrae

Spinal column
L1 - L5

127

Lymphatic system

Carries fluids and waste to blood
Assists fighting infection

128

Lymphocytes

Leukocyte
Provide immunity to body by providing antibodies

129

Magnetic resonance imaging

Alteration of magnetic position of hydrogen atoms to produce an image

130

Malpractice

Care that you are not trained to give

131

Matriarchal family

Mother is in charge

132

Measles

Highly contagious virus

133

Medicaid

Government program that provides medical care for poor

134

Medical clinical lab technologist

Basic lab tests

135

Medicare

Government run program for elderly and disabled

136

Medulla onblongata

Responsible for heart beating, respiration, swallowing, coughing, blood pressure

137

Midbrain

Conducts impulses between brain parts and some eye reflexes

138

Midsaggital plane

Right and left half

139

Mitral valve

Between left atrium and left ventricle

140

Mixed nerves

Both efferent and afferent

141

Muscle tissue

Provides power and movement

142

Myometrium

Muscle layer of uterus

143

Nasopharynx

Upper portion of pharynx
Contains adenoids
Eustachian tube opening

144

Negligence

Failure to give proper care when expected

145

Neurilamma

Outermost nucleated cytoplasmic layer of Schwann cells

146

Neuron

Major nervous system cell

147

Neutrophils

Leukocyte
Phagocytize bacteria

148

Nucleur family

Mom dad kids

149

Nucleus

Brain of cell

150

Occupied bed

Made while patient is in bed

151

Ombudsman

Specially trained individual to take care of elderly

152

Open bed

Closed bed converted into open bed by fanfolding sheets

153

Oral temp

Most common
Convenient

154

Orbital cavity

Holds eyes

155

Organelles

Cell organs and structures

156

Oropharynx

Middle section
Behind oral cavity of pharynx

157

Oxygen

Colors blood

158

Oxygen fuel and heat

Fire

159

PASS

Pull
Aim
Squeeze
Spray

160

Palatine

Relating the the palate

161

Where is insulin

Pancreas

162

Paraplegia

Paralysis of lower limbs

163

Parasympathetic and sympathetic

Two divisions of autonomic nervous system

164

Parts of tongue

Taste buds
Circumvallete papillae
Duct of gland
Nerve endings

165

Pathologist

Diagnoses diseases by studying changes

166

Pathophysiology

How diseases occur and responses

167

Patient adovcate

Promotes well being of pateint rights

168

Pelvic cavity

Reproductive organs,

169

Pepsin

Enzyme in gastric juices that start digestion

170

Phlebitis

Inflammation of veins

171

Physiology

Study of processes of living

172

Pia mater

Innermost layer of meninges
Nourish nervetissue

173

Pleura

Membrane covering lungs

174

Pons

Conduct messages to brain
Saliva production

175

Popliteal pulse site

Behind knee

176

Position emission tomography

Slightly radioactive material injected to be seen in PET

177

Prejudice

Strong feeling without knowing facts

178

Privacy act

Requires an ID

179

Process tech

Helps design and control specialized processes central to business

180

Proteins

Amino acids make them up

181

Protozoa

Animal like, one celled organisms
Malaria
Dysentary

182

Pulmonary valve

Between right atrium and pulmonary artery

183

Pyloric sphincter

Circular muscle between stomach and small intestine
Keeps food in stomach

184

Quadriplegia

four limb paralysis

185

Pyrexia

Fever

186

Quadriceps femoris

Top of thigh

187

RACE

Rescue
Activate alarm
Confine fire
Extinguish

188

Ratiolization

Reasonable excuse or explanation for something

189

Reality orientation

Activities that help patient over time

190

Rectal temp

Most accurate

191

Red marrow

Produces blood cells

192

Repression

Transfer of thoughts to subconcious

193

Respiratory system

Breathing and respiration
Lungs, nose, trachea, pharynx, larynx, bronchi, alveoli

194

Rickettsiae

Parasitic organisms that cannot live outside cell
Typhus

195

Right atrium

Receives blood as it comes back from body
Deoxygenated blood

196

Right ventricle

Gets blood from right atrium
Pumps blood into pulmonary artery
Carries blood to lungs
Deoxygenated blood

197

Sacral vertebrae

Back of pelvic girdle
Coccyx ends here

198

Sartorious

Front of thigh muscle

199

Sclera

Outermost layer of eye
White of eye

200

Seminal vesicle

Glandular lining provides nourishment for sperm

201

Sinuses

Hollowed out in skull
Lighten load of skull

202

Alexander Fleming 1928

Penicillin

203

Slander

Spoken defamation

204

Sociologist

Aid people who have difficult coping

205

Stage 1 bed sore

Red skin

206

Stage 2 bed sore

Red skin
Cracked and blistered

207

Stage 3 bed sore

Broken skin
With yellow puss

208

Stage 4 bed sore

Penetration to bone and muscle

209

Sterilization

Total destruction of all microorganisms
Surgical procedure to not have kids

210

Suppression

Refuses to deal with feelings

211

Tendon

Fibrous connective tissue
Muscles to bones

212

Exchange list therapeutic diet

Diabetic

213

Thoracic cavity

Chest
Esophagus, trachea, bronchi, lungs, heart, blood vessels

214

Thrombophlebitis

Thrombus or clot forms

215

Trachea

Windpipe

216

Transverse plane

Top and bottom half

217

Tuberculosis

Infectious lung disease

218

Tympanic

Eardrum

219

Types of beds

Closed: gets out of bed for day
Opened: out of bed for short time
Occupied: unable to get out of