Exam 2 Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C7/Vertebra Prominens Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Summer 2015 > Exam 2 Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C7/Vertebra Prominens > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C7/Vertebra Prominens Deck (20)
1

What names may be given to C7?

vertebra prominens and vertebral prominence

2

what is the name given to the topographical elevation observed at the base of the neck?

Vertebral Prominence

3

What name is given only to C7?

Vertebra Prominens

4

what is the segment and gender bias for vertebrae other than C7 becoming the vertebral prominence?

C6 is more common in females and T1 is more common in males

5

What joint surfaces are present at the superior margin of the vertebral body of C7?

Anterior Groove
Posterior groove
Right and left uncinate processes
Cancellous bone

6

What joint surfaces are present at the inferior margin of the vertebral body of C7?

the anterior and posterior margins of the inferior epiphyseal rim, Cancellous bone

7

How many joint surfaces are present at the vertebral body of C7?

eight

8

What joint classifications are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

Fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis
Cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) Symphysis
Modified Synovial Saddle (Diarthrosis sellar) joint

9

How many synovial joint surfaces are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

two

10

What synovial joint surfaces are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

the right and left uncinate processes

11

what muscle(s) attaches to the vertebral body of C7?

Longus Colli Muscle

12

What are the osseous parts of the transverse process of C7?

Costal element
anterior tubercle
costotransverse bar
posterior tubercle
True transverse process

13

What features are typically present in the transverse foramen of C7?

Vertebral venous plexus
Postganglionic sympathetic motor fibers

14

What muscles attach to the transverse process of C7?

Middle Scalene
Rotators
Semispinalis Capitis
Iliocostalis Thoracis
Longissimus Cervicis
Levator Costarum Brevis
Intertransversarii

15

What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C7?

Backward, Upward, Medial (BUM)

16

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C7?

Forward, Medial, Downward (ForMeD)

17

What muscles will attach to the articular process of C7?

Longissimus Cervicis
Longissimus Capitis
Semispinalis Cervicis and Multifidis

18

What are the features of the spinous process of C7?

Long
Horizontal
Nonbifid

19

What muscles attach to the spinous process of C7?

Multifidis
Rotators
Serratus posterior superior
Trapezius
Intertransversarii
Rhomboid minor
Splenius Capitis
Spinalis capitis
spinalis cervicis
semispinalis thoracis

20

What ligaments attach to the spinous process of C7?

Ligamentum Nuchae and interspinous ligaments

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