Exam 2 Atypical Cervical Vertebrae C2 2 Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Summer 2015 > Exam 2 Atypical Cervical Vertebrae C2 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 Atypical Cervical Vertebrae C2 2 Deck (27)
1

What unique vertebral body modification is characteristic of C2

The dens or odontoid process

2

How many joint surfaces are present on the odontoid process of C2

Five

3

What joint surfaces are present on the odontoid process of C2

Facet for Fovea dentis
groove for transverse Atlantal ligament
attachment sites for the alar ligaments
attachment site for the apical dental ligament

4

What joint classifications are represented at the odontoid process of C2

Fibrous amphiarthrosis syndesmosis joint
synovial plane diarthrosis Trochoid joint

5

What is the name given to the odontoid process when the facet for the fovea dentis lies above the groove for the transverse Atlantal ligament and the attachment sites for the apical dental and alar ligaments appear to be directed posterior

Lordotic dens

6

What is the name given to the odontoid process when the facet for the fovea dentis lies below the groove for the transverse atlantal ligament in the attachment sites for the apical dental and alar ligaments appear to be directed anterior

Kyphotic dens

7

What joint surfaces are present at the Inferior part of the vertebral body of C2

Anterior lip
posterior lip
right and left lateral groove
cancellous bone

8

How many joints are formed by the inferior part of vertebral body of C2

Five

9

What joint classifications are present at the inferior part of the vertebral body of C2

Fibrous amphiarthrosis syndesmosis
modified synovial saddle diarthrosis sellar
cartilaginous amphiarthrosis synthesis

10

How many joint surfaces are present at the vertebral body of C2

10

11

What joint classifications are present at the vertebral body of C2

Fibrous amphiarthrosis syndesmosis
synovial pivot trochoid
modified synovial saddle diarthrosis sellar
cartilaginous amphiarthrosis symphysis

12

What ligaments will attach posteriorly to the inferior epiphyseal rim of C2

Membrana tectoria
posterior longitudinal ligament

13

What ligament forms the anterior boundary for the spinal canal above C2

Membrana tectoria

14

What ligament forms the anterior boundary for the spinal canal below C2

posterior longitudinal ligament

15

What names are given to you C2

Axis or epistropheus

16

what lies on the upper surface on the pedicle of C2?

The superior articular process

17

what is the location of the superior vertebral notch of C2?

on the lamina-pedicle junction

18

what attaches to the lamina of C2?

Obliquus capitis inferior muscle,
Posterior atlanto-axial ligament,
Ligamentum Flavum

19

what is the appearance of the superior articular facets of C2?

they are symmetrical and slightly convex

20

what is the facet orientation of the superior articular facets of C2?

Backward, Upward and Lateral (BUL)

21

what is the orientation of the inferior articular facets of C2?

Forward, Lateral, and Down (FoLD)

22

what musclae attaches to the articular processes of C2?

Longissimus Cervicis

23

What osseous parts of the typical cervical transverse process are present at C2?

Costal element, Posterior tubercle and true transverse process

24

What is the gender variation for the transverse diameter of C2?

Males: Fifty- seven milimeters
Females; abpout fifty milimeters

25

what muscles attach to the transverse process of C2?

Levator Scapulae
Middle Scalene
Splenius Cervicis
Longissimus Cervicis
Intertransversarii

26

what is the characteristic appearance of the C2 spinous process in humans?

bifid

27

What muscles attach to the spinous process of C2?

Rectus Capitis Posterior Major
Obliquus Capitis Inferior
Spinalis Cervicis
Semispinalis Cervicis
Multifidis
Rotators and Interspinalis muscle

Decks in Spinal Anatomy Summer 2015 Class (67):