Final Exam Abnormal Curvatures Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Summer 2015 > Final Exam Abnormal Curvatures > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Abnormal Curvatures Deck (26)
1

What are the curve classifications for humpback or hunchback

Kyphosis for hyper kyphotic curve

2

What are the curve classifications for swayback

Lordosis or hyper lordotic curve

3

What is the more complete accepted definition of scoliosis

An abnormal lateral curve coupled with axial rotation

4

What are the classifications of scoliosis according to the scoliosis research Society

Magnitude location direction etiology structural scoliosis and nonstructural scoliosis

5

What does magnitude of scoliosis refer to

The length and angle of the curve deviation on x-ray

6

What is often used to measure the magnitude of scoliosis

The Cobb method

7

What does location of scoliosis infer

The location of the vertebral segments forming the apex of the curve deviation

8

What does direction of scoliosis refer to

The side at the convexity of the curve will bend toward

9

What does etiology of scoliosis mean

The cause of scoliosis

10

What is structural scoliosis

A more radical form of scoliosis it may worsen associated with structural deformities of the vertebra or intravertebral disc frequently has a fixed angle of trunk rotation

11

What are some of the classifications of scoliosis based on etiology

Congenital neuromuscular neurofibromatosis nerve root irritation idiopathic

12

What is the classification of scoliosis that is unique to the individual patient

Idiopathic scoliosis

13

What is the incidence of idiopathic scoliosis in the population

1 to 4% of the population

14

Based on age of onset what are the types of idiopathic scoliosis

Infantile juvenile adolescent

15

What is the age range for infantile idiopathic scoliosis

From birth to three years old

16

What is the age range for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis

From three years old to 10 years old

17

What is the age range for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Over 10 years old

18

Identify the curve direction location gender bias and incidence of infantile idiopathic scoliosis

Left thoracic male less than 1% incidence

19

Identify the curve direction location gender bias and incidence of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis

Right thoracic females over six years old and 12 through 21% incidence

20

Identify the curve directions and location gender bias and incidence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Right thoracic or right thoracic and left lumbar females and 80% incidence

21

What is the genetic factor associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

An AutoSomal dominant factor that runs in families

22

What is the relationship between curve deviation incidence and curve worsening

The greater the deviation the lower the incidence and the more likely to worsen

23

What are the curve classifications for military neck

Kyphosis or hypolordotic curve

24

What is the radiological test for skeletal maturity

The Risser sign an indication of bone maturity in the iliac apophysis

25

What is nonstructural scoliosis

A mild form of scoliosis unlikely to worsen not associated with structure deformities of the vertebrae or intravertebral disc and Lacks a fixed angle of trunk rotation

26

What does idiopathic scoliosis refer to

The scoliosis is unique to the individual it has no known cause unknown etiology

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