Exam 2 Typical Lumbar Spine L1-L4 Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Summer 2015 > Exam 2 Typical Lumbar Spine L1-L4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 Typical Lumbar Spine L1-L4 Deck (40)
1

What accounts for the direction of the lumbar curve

The vertebral body and the intervertebral disc have a greater anterior height then posterior height

2

How many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical lumbar

None

3

How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical lumbar

6

4

How many cartilaginous amphiarthrosis symphysis joint surfaces are on a typical lumbar vertebral body

2

5

How many fibrous amphiarthrosis syndesmosis joint surfaces are on a typical lumbar vertebral body

4

6

What muscles may attach to the first lumbar vertebral body

Psoas major and psoas minor

7

What muscles may attach from the second down to the fourth lumbar vertebral body

Psoas major

8

Psoas minor will only attached to the vertebral body of which segments

T12, L1

9

What is the name given to the ligaments that attach the vertebral body to the articular process

Transforaminal ligaments

10

What ligaments attached the vertebral body to the transverse process

Corporotransverse ligaments

11

Cervical upper thoracic Hoffman ligaments will attach what structures together

Dura matter to segment above

12

What is the generic shape of the typical lumbar vertebral body from the cranial view

Reniform or kidney shaped

13

Hoffman ligaments are identified in which regions along the vertebral column

Cervical upper thoracic region and lumbar region

14

What is the highest level known to demonstrate Hoffman ligaments

C6

15

What is the proposed function of the cervical upper thoracic Hoffman ligaments

Resist caudle movement of the dural sac
resist gravitational forces of the Dura and cord

16

Lumbar Hoffman ligaments will attach what structures together

Dura matter to lower segmental levels

17

What is the proposed function of the proximal root sleeve ligament

Resist displacement of the peripheral nervous system in the intervertebral foramen

18

What osseous conditions of the lumbar vertebral facilitate a spinal tap in this region

Overlap of the lamina shingling diminishes overlap of the spinous processes imbrication diminishes

19

What is the name of the elevation near the origin of the lumbar transverse process

Accessory process

20

A styloid process occurs with what frequency and as a result of what condition

7% occurrence as a result of congenital elongation of the lumbar accessory process

21

What ligaments will attach to the lumbar accessory process

Mammilo accessory ligament

22

What parts of the vertebra are attached via the mamillo accessory ligament

The mamillary process and the accessory process of the same segment

23

What was believed to be in trapped by the mamillo accessory ligament

The medial branch of the dorsal Ramus of the lumbar spinal nerve

24

What muscles attached to the lumbar accessory process

Longissimus thoracis and intertransversarii

25

What muscles me attach to the transverse process of a typical lumbar vertebra

Psoas major
Quadratus lumborum
Longissimus thoracis
Rotator brevis, longus
Intertransversarii

26

What ligaments attached to the transverse process of a typical lumbar vertebra

Lumbocostal
Mamillo accessory
Intertransverse

27

What is the orientation of a typical lumbar superior articular facet

Backward upward medial typically concave

28

What is the orientation of a typical lumbar inferior articular facet

Forward lateral downward significantly convex

29

What muscles will attach to the mammillary process

Multifidus
Intertransversarii

30

What ligament will attach to the lumbar superior articular process and transverse process

Mamillo accessory ligament

31

What was believed to be entrapped by the mamillo accessory ligament

The medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a lumbar spinal nerve

32

What additional ligaments are said to attach to the lumbar articular processes

Transforaminal ligaments

33

What is the joint classification for the typical lumbar zygapophysis

Synovial plane diarthrosis arthrodia

34

How many synovial joints are present on a typical lumbar vertebra

4

35

What is the position of a lumbar zygapophysis in children

The zygapophyses lies in the coronal plane

36

What is the position of the lumbar zygapophysis in adults

They apophysis lies in the sagittal plane for L1/L2 L2/L3 L3/L4 does a apophysis lies in the coronal plane for L4/L5 L5/S1

37

What name is given to the zygapophyses between vertebral couples that lie in the same plane

Joint symmetry

38

What names are given to the condition in which one zygapophysis of the vertebral couple lies in the coronal plane or position and the other zygapophysis lies in the sagittal plane or position

Joint asymmetry or joint tropism

39

What is the name of the condition in which the typical lumbar spinous processes increases in length due to the aging process

Baastrups syndrome or kissing spines

40

What muscles will attach the typical lumbar spinous process

Latissimus dorsi
serratus posterior inferior
iliocostalis lumborum
longissimus thoracis
Spinalis thoracis
Multifidus
Rotator brevis, Longus
Interspinalis

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