Exam 2 - Regions of the Vertebral Collumn (Typical Cervical) Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Exam 2 - Regions of the Vertebral Collumn (Typical Cervical) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 - Regions of the Vertebral Collumn (Typical Cervical) Deck (51):
1

What is the number of vertebrae in the typical cervical spine?

seven segments

2

Which vertebrae are typical cervicals?

C3-C6

3

Which vertebrae are atypical cervicals?

C1, C2, C7

4

What is the shape of the typical cervical vertebral body from the cranial view?

rectangular

5

What is the appearance of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?

posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters

6

What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features?

posterior or kyphotic

7

What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve?

the intervertebral disc height

8

What is the direction of the typical cervical curve?

anterior or lordotic

9

At which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height?

C5/C6

10

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior groove
posterior groove
right and left uncinate processes

11

What are the names of the lateral modification of the superior epiphyseal rim?

uncinate process
unciform process
uncovertebral process
uncus
lateral lip

12

What are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior lip
posterior lip
lateral grooves

13

What is the joint classification for the anterior lip-anterior groove articulation?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

14

What is the joint classification for the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

15

What is the joint classification for the spongy bone-intervertebral disc articulation?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphasis

16

How many joint are present on the upper surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

five

17

how many joints are present on the lower surface of a typical cervical body?

five

18

how many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

ten

19

how many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

four

20

What other terms are used to identify the uncinate processes?

unciform process
uncovertebral process
uncus
lateral lip

21

What is the name given to the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

joint of Luschka
OR uncovertebral joint

22

the joint of Luschka is formed from what surfaces?

uncinate process
lateral groove

23

What muscle attaches to the typical cervical vertebral body?

the longus colli muscle

24

What is the orientation and angulation of the pedicle of a typical cervical?

posterolateral, 45 degrees

25

What is the direction of projection of the cervical lamina?

posteromedially

26

What ligament attaches to the lamina of a typical cervical?

ligamentum flavum

27

Ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will result in what feature?

para-articular processes

28

Which is the greatest diameter of the vertebral foramen of typical cervicals?

transverse

29

The greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at...

C6

30

The greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple?

C5/C6

31

List, in order, the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body

costal element
anterior tubercle
costotransverse bar
posterior tubercle
true tansverse process

32

What muscles will attach to the anterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

anterior scalene
longus capitis
longus colli
anterior intertransversarii

33

What muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

splenius cervicis
iliocostalis cervicis
longissimus cervicis
levator scapula
middle scalene
posterior scalene
rotators
posterior intertransversarii

34

What muscles will attach to the costotransverse bar?

middle scalene
posterior intertransversarii

35

What is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process?

60 degrees anterolaterally from the midsagittal plane
15 degrees inferiorly from the horizontal plane

36

What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?

the carotid tubercle

37

What will cause the remodeling of the anterior tubercle at C6?

the common carotid artery

38

What will occupy the typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?

the vertebral artery
vertebral venous plexus
postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers

39

Recent work suggests what angulation for a typical cervical articular facets?

55 - 60 degrees

40

What is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?

Backward Upward Medial
BUM

41

What muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes?

the longissimus capitis
logissimus cervicis
semispinalis capitis
semispinalis cervicis
multifidis
rotators

42

What muscles blend with the capsular ligament of cervical zygapophyses?

the semispinalis capitis
multifidis
rotator longus

43

What modifications of the synovial joint are observed in the cervical spine?

meniscoidal folds

44

What function will meniscoidal folds provide in cervical zygapophyses?

they are assumed to distribute pressure across the joint surface

45

The greatest range of flexion - extension among the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?

C5/C6

46

What motions are coupled in the cervical spine?

lateral bending
axial rotation

47

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will be similar for what cervical vertebral couples?

C2/C3
C3/C4
C4/C5

48

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple?

C5/C6 vertebral couple

49

What muscles may attach to the typical cervical spinous processes?

spinalis cervicis
semispinalis cervicis
semispinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotators
interspinalis

50

What will form the unique anterior boundary of a typical cervical intervertebral foramen?

the uncinate process of the segment below
lateral groove of the segment above
forms the joint of Luschka

51

What is the orientation of the typical cervical inferior articular facet?

Forward Lateral Downward
FoLD