Flashcards in Exam 2 - Regions of the Vertebral Collumn (Typical Cervical) Deck (51):
What is the number of vertebrae in the typical cervical spine?
Which vertebrae are typical cervicals?
Which vertebrae are atypical cervicals?
C1, C2, C7
What is the shape of the typical cervical vertebral body from the cranial view?
What is the appearance of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?
posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters
What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features?
posterior or kyphotic
What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve?
the intervertebral disc height
What is the direction of the typical cervical curve?
anterior or lordotic
At which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height?
What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?
right and left uncinate processes
What are the names of the lateral modification of the superior epiphyseal rim?
What are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?
What is the joint classification for the anterior lip-anterior groove articulation?
fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis
What is the joint classification for the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?
modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)
What is the joint classification for the spongy bone-intervertebral disc articulation?
cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphasis
How many joint are present on the upper surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?
how many joints are present on the lower surface of a typical cervical body?
how many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?
how many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?
What other terms are used to identify the uncinate processes?
What is the name given to the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?
joint of Luschka
OR uncovertebral joint
the joint of Luschka is formed from what surfaces?
What muscle attaches to the typical cervical vertebral body?
the longus colli muscle
What is the orientation and angulation of the pedicle of a typical cervical?
posterolateral, 45 degrees
What is the direction of projection of the cervical lamina?
What ligament attaches to the lamina of a typical cervical?
Ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will result in what feature?
Which is the greatest diameter of the vertebral foramen of typical cervicals?
The greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at...
The greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple?
List, in order, the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body
true tansverse process
What muscles will attach to the anterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?
What muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?
What muscles will attach to the costotransverse bar?
What is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process?
60 degrees anterolaterally from the midsagittal plane
15 degrees inferiorly from the horizontal plane
What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?
the carotid tubercle
What will cause the remodeling of the anterior tubercle at C6?
the common carotid artery
What will occupy the typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?
the vertebral artery
vertebral venous plexus
postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers
Recent work suggests what angulation for a typical cervical articular facets?
55 - 60 degrees
What is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?
Backward Upward Medial
What muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes?
the longissimus capitis
What muscles blend with the capsular ligament of cervical zygapophyses?
the semispinalis capitis
What modifications of the synovial joint are observed in the cervical spine?
What function will meniscoidal folds provide in cervical zygapophyses?
they are assumed to distribute pressure across the joint surface
The greatest range of flexion - extension among the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?
What motions are coupled in the cervical spine?
Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will be similar for what cervical vertebral couples?
Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple?
C5/C6 vertebral couple
What muscles may attach to the typical cervical spinous processes?
What will form the unique anterior boundary of a typical cervical intervertebral foramen?
the uncinate process of the segment below
lateral groove of the segment above
forms the joint of Luschka