Exam 2 - Regions of the Vertebral Column (Atypical Thoracics) Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Exam 2 - Regions of the Vertebral Column (Atypical Thoracics) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 - Regions of the Vertebral Column (Atypical Thoracics) Deck (44):
1

What joint classifications are identified at the vertebral body of T1?

fibrous (amphiarthorsis) syndesmosis
cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphasis
synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia joint)
modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) is only observered as an anatomical variation

2

Which muscles attach to the vertebral body of T1?

longus colli muscle

3

Which spinal nerve-vertebral notch/incisure combination is present at T1?

C8 spinal nerve -the superior vertebral notch/incisure of T1
T1 spinal nerve - the inferior vertereal notch/incisure of T1

4

What ligaments support the costotransverse joint of T1?

the inferior costotransverse
lateral costotransverse ligaments

5

What ligament is absent at the costotransverse joint of T1

the superior costotransverse ligament

6

What muscle attach to the transverse process of T1?

longissimus thoracis
L. cervicis
L. Capitis
semispinalis cervicis
semispinalis capitis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
intertransversarii
levator costarum brevis

7

What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of T1?

They face Backward Upward Lateral
BUL

8

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of T1?

they face forward downward medial
ForMeD

9

What name is used to identify the topographical landmark at the base of the neck

the vertebral prominence

10

WHich vertebrae have been identified as forming the vertebral prominence

C6 C7 T1

11

What is the gender bias associated with T1 as the vertebral prominence?

males 9%
females 6%

12

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T1?

trapezius
rhomboid minor
serratus posterior superior
splenius capitis
spinalis thoracis
spinalis cervicis
spinalis capitis
semispinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
interspinalis

13

What ligaments attach to the transverse process of T9?

intertransverse
capsular costotransverse
superior costotransverse
inferior costotransverse
lateral costotransverse ligaments

14

The superior costotransverse ligament of T9 will attach to which rib?

the 10th rib

15

WHich muscles attach to the transverse process of T9?

longissimus thoracis
semispinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
intertransversarii
levator costarum longus
levator costarum brevis

16

Which is the last thoracic vertebra to have an inferior costal demifacet?

T9

17

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T9?

trapezius
latissimus dorsi
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
interspinalis

18

How many synovial joints are formed at the vertebral body of T10?

2

19

What muscles attach to the transverse process of T10?

longissimus thoracis
semispinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
intertransversarii
levator costarum longus
levator costarum brevis

20

How many synovial joints are typically present at T10?

8

21

A dimpling or depression of the skin in the thoracis region is often characteristic of the location of which segment?

T10

22

What part of the transverse process is absent on T11

the transverse costal facet

23

What ligaments form the costotransverse joint of T11?

the superior costotransverse
slightly developed inferior costotransverse
lateral costotransverse ligaments

24

the superior costotransverse ligament of T11 transverse process will attach to which rib?

RIb 12

25

What muscles attach to the vertebral body of T11?

none

26

What muscles attach to the transverse process of T11?

longissimus thoracis
semispinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
intertransverarii
levator costarum brevis

27

Which segment is the last to demonstrate an attachment for the levator costarum longus?

T10
b/c skips 2 ribs

28

How many synovial joints are typically present at T11?

6

29

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T11?

trapezius
latissimus dorsi
serratus posterior inferior
ilocostalis lumborim
spinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
interspinalis

30

At which segments of the thoracic spine will the spinalis muscle not attach?

T9 and T10

31

Which muscles attach to the vertebral body of T12

psoas major
psoas minor

32

What does the superior tubercle of T12 represent?

the mammillary process of lumbar vertebrae

33

what does the inferior tubercle (the smallest tubercle) of T12 represent?

the accessory process of lumbar vertebrae

34

What ligaments form the costotransverse joint of the 12th rib?

the superior costotransverse ligament from T11 and the lumbocostal ligament from L1

35

Which costotransverse ligaments lack an attachment to T12?

capsular costotransverse
superior costotransverse
inferior costotransverse
lateral costotransverse

36

What muscles attach to the transverse process region of T12?

longissimus thoracis
semispinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
intertransversarii

37

Which segment is the alst to demonstrate a levator costrum brevis attachment?

T11

38

Which segment is the last to demonstrate a levator costarum longus attachment?

T10

39

What is the orientation of the superior articular facets of T12?

Backward Upward Lateral
BUL

40

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facets of T12?

Forward Downward lateral
FoLD

41

HOw many synovial joints are typically present at T12?

6

42

Which rib related facets is absent on T12?

the inferior costal demifacets
transverse costal facets

43

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T12?

trapezius
latissimus dorsi
serratus posterior inferior
iliocostalis lumborum
spinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
interspinalis

44

Which erector spinae muscle is unique in its attachment to the T12 spinous process?

iliocostalis lumborum