Exam #2: Review Flashcards Preview

Preventative Med. & Nutrition > Exam #2: Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam #2: Review Deck (21):
1

List the power 9 of wellness.

1) Move naturally
2) Purpose
3) Downshift
4) 80% rule
5) Plant slant
6) Wine at 5
7) Belong
8) Loved ones first
9) Right tribe

2

What are the six D's of epidemiology?

1) Death
2) Disease
3) Discomfort
4) Disability
5) Dissatisfaction
6) Destitution

3

What are the four steps of motivational interviewing?

1) Engage= establish a connection
2) Focus= direct the conversation
3) Evoke= elicit the motivation for change
4) Plan

4

What are the OARS of communication?

O= open-ended
A= affirmation
R= reflective listening
S= summarize

5

What are the three things that patients need in motivational interviewing to be successful?

- To be ready for change
- To be engaged
- Self-efficacy

6

List the characteristics of foods with a high cariogenic potential.

- Highly fermentable carbohydrates
- Break into small particles in the mouth
- Sticky
- Drop pH below 5.5
- Highly processed

7

List the characteristics of foods that have a low cariogenic potential.

- High protein, moderate fat, low carb.
- High Ca++ and phosphorus
- pH greater than 6
- Stimulate saliva secretion

8

List the classes of medications that induce xerostomia.

- Antihypertensive
- Antiarrhythmic
- Antilipidemic
- Antidepressant
- Antihistamine
- Anti-PD

9

What are the risk factors for infant mortality?

1) Maternal age 35
2) Unwed mothers
3) Low income
4) Smoking
5) Inadequate prenantal care

10

List the factors that make one "high risk" for contracting TB.

1) Having BCG vaccine
2) Injection drug user
3) Homeless residents and workers
4) Former prisoners
5) Recent arrivals to the US
6) Immunocompromised w/ risk of conversion from latent to active TB

11

What are the three common health disparities seen in the LGBT community?

1) Substance abuse
2) Suicide
3) Homelessness

12

What are the USPSTF screening recommendations for colorectal cancer? Specifically, what age group is screening recommended for?

50-75= screen with one of the following methods:
1) Fecal, Q3
2) Sigmoid, Q5
3) Colonoscopoy, Q10

76-85= "C"
86+ = "D"

13

What are the USPSTF screening recommendations for breast cancer screening?

- Biannual mammography
- 50-75 y/o
- NO CBE

14

What are some of the adverse consequences of fish oil/ omega 3 fatty acids?

1) Increased risk of bleeding
2) Increased blood glucose
3) Possibility of heavy metal contaimination

15

What is a common side effect of Glucosamine?

Reduction in the effectiveness of hypoglycemic medications

16

What are the therapeutic purposes of Ginseng?

1) Fatigue in cancer
2) Antioxidant in heart disease
3) Improves thinking and sleep

17

What drugs does Ginkgo interact negatively with?

1) Thiazide diuretics
2) ASA

18

What are the general classes of medications that you should be especially wearing of prescribing supplements with?

- Anti-coagulants
- Arrhythmic
- Anti-convulsants
- Meds to prevent organ rejection

19

What are the 5 A's?

1) Ask
2) Advise
3) Assess
4) Assist
5) Arrange

20

What are the five R's?

1) Relevance
2) Risks
3) Rewards
4) Roadblocks
5) Repetition

21

What patient populations are at highest risk for ASCVD?

- DM
- Noncoronary athersclerotic arterial disease
- Aortic aneurysm