Flashcards in Exam 2 Scoliosis Part 2 Deck (10)
What two vertebrae should be used when measuring spinal curvature via the Cobb Method?
the most tilted vertebrae above and below the apex of the curve
What is the term for the angle between intersecting lines drawn perpendicular to the top of the superior vertebrae (of a scoliotic curve) and the bottom of the inferior vertebrae when using the Cobb Method?
The Cobb angle
What is the most common brace used for scoliosis?
Boston Brace (aka thoraco-lumbar-sacral orthosis)
How successful are braces at halting curve progression (while worn)
74% success rate
T/F: Bracing prevents serious progression of and may even correct scoliosis.
False; may prevent progression but does NOT correct scoliosis
How many hours a day are braces recommended to be worn to prevent progression of scoliosis?
at least 16 hours per day
T/F: With surgical treatment for scoliosis, curves in growing children of greater than 50 degrees require a spinal fusion.
False; required for curves greater than 40 degrees
How long can skeletally mature scoliosis patients be observed before surgery should be performed?
until their curves reach 50 degrees
T/F: Following spinal fusion surgery, patients rarely experience back pain, especially not in distal spinal fusions.
False; post-fusion back pain does occur and is more common in distal spinal fusions