Flashcards in Exam 3: Chapter 12 Deck (24):
List examples of healthy and safe snacks that can be given to a child.
peanut butter and apples
Carrots and yogurt
Discuss the nutrients of concern during childhood and why these nutrients are important during this time.
Calcium - Bone development
Vitamin D - Calcium absorption
Iron - Neurological development
Discuss the role of the caregiver in developing children’s healthy eating habits and lifestyle.
The parent or caregiver should provide the children with where to eat, what to eat, and the food.
The child should decide what to eat of the food provided, how much to eat, and when he or she is full.
Relate the diet, nutrition, and/or environment to the incidence of hyperactivity and lead poisoning.
Hyper activity is not linked to sugar consumption, but caffeine, lack of sleep, over stimulation, and lack of physical activity.
Lead poisoning is related to some older paints, air pollution, and certain ceramics. This is common in low-income families.
Describe how growth and body composition change as a child enters into adolescents.
- This change in body composition happens in females before males
- Males gain muscle while females gain fat
- Males need more energy than females
Explain why iron and calcium are of particular concern during the teen years.
Because you want to build as much strong bone as you can before you hit your mid 20's and osteoporosis hits you.
Discuss the special concerns for teens that may affect nutrition-related choices or decisions.
Changed behaviors that come along with puberty.
tobacco and alcohol, use
Trying to fit in
eating fast foods
Distinguish life expectancy from healthy life expectancy.
Life expectancy in the U.S. is 80 years.
Healthy life expectancy [Period of life that has quality health] is about 69 years.
Compare the energy and nutrient requirements of younger and older adults. (increased, decreased, same, source of nutrient)
As we get older, our energy needs decrease.
Our needs for nutrients, vitamins, protein never decrease!!
Discuss how the physical, mental, and social changes of aging increase nutritional risks.
Loneliness, depression and food security may harken older adults nutritional intake.
List factors that increase the risk of malnutrition in the older adults.
reduction in the sense of thirst, hunger and fullness.
Our skin and bones can't absorb the calcium and vitamin D from the sun as well as it used to.
Discuss the benefits of physical activity to the older adult.
- extends the number of active, independent years
- Improves the quality of life
-Reduces the risk of disabilities
Define moderate alcohol consumption.
one drink daily or less for adult women
two drinks daily or less for adult men
Explain how alcohol is metabolized.
Alcohol is absorbed in the small intestine, pumped into the blood, and into the liver to be metabolized and excreted.
Discuss the potential benefits of moderate alcohol consumption.
increase in HDL cholesterol
Inhibition of blood clots
Reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke
Describe the short- and long-term problems associated with excess alcohol intake.
short term- depressant, loss of coordination, loss of reason
Long term - alcoholism, liver disease,
In order to develop healthy eating habits in their children, parents should encourage their kids to "clean their plate".
This may get the child in the habit of over eating.
The most common nutrient deficiency within children worldwide occurs with what nutrient?
Due to reduced stomach acid production as we get older, people over 50 may have decreased absorption of ____________ from foods.
What is the scientific-y name for alcohol we drink?
What is the name of the enzyme most responsible for the metabolization of alcohol and where can it be found?
alcohol dehydrogenase in the liver. somtimes in the stomach.
Microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system
This oxidation system revs up when excess alcohol is present in the liver.
alcoholic liver disease caused by continued alcohol consumption that results in inflammation.