Exam 4 Chemotherapeutics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 4 Chemotherapeutics Deck (11):
1

antibiotic prophylaxis

-used preoperatively
-use for people with cardiac valve damage

2

metronidazole (Flagyl)

-antiprotozoal and antobacterial, not antifungal even though its an azole
-used to treat and prevent malaria
-can cause flu-like immune response
-ototoxic
can cause cinchinism syndrome

3

cinchinism syndrome

vertigo, tinnitus, and bone marrow suppression

4

how to antivirals work

kill the RNA or DNA replication process in the host cell

5

rimantadine (Flumadine) uses and actions

-influenza A
-prevents the shedding of the viral protein coat so it can't replicate

6

nursing process for rimantadine (Flumadine)

have to take at least 48 hours after symptoms start (fever) or it will turn into viral pneumonia

7

acyclovir (Zovirax) uses and side effects

-herpes
-dangerous drug: neuropathies, parasthesias, confusion, renal toxicity, bone marrow suppresion

8

HIV drugs

-it takes a lot of drugs to treat
-HIV is under control, no longer a death sentence

9

uses and side effects of ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

-gram negative infections (mostly UTIs/ e. Coli)
-BBW: tendon pain, esp in the achilles tendon, can turn into ruptured achilles tendon

10

hardest place to treat fungi

scalp and nails

11

common side effects of antibiotics

bone marrow suppression and diarrhea