Vaccines and Sera Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vaccines and Sera Deck (26):
1

Hib

bacterial; haemophilus influenzae- NOT the flu

2

Meningococcal

bacterial; gets in the meninges and causes neurological compromise and often death

3

pneumococcal

bacterial; pneumonia

4

typhoid

bacterial; contaminated water or food

5

diphtheria

bacterial; respiratory illness that causes plaque to build over the posterior pharynx- patient suffocates

6

tetanus

bacterial toxin; found in the ground, anaerobic; likes to grow deep in wounds; causes permanent muscle contraction and stops breathing

7

pertussis

bacterial; whooping cough, not lethal in adults but lethal in babies... cough paroxysmal

8

influenza

viral; flu shot

9

HepA

viral; liver infection from contaminated water

10

HepB

viral; liver infection from sharing body fluids-- blood and needles, sexually transmitted

11

measles

viral; infection that causes great damage and has a high death rate from pneumonia

12

mumps

viral; infection that causes swelling in the neck; can create infertility, esp in males

13

rubella

viral; minor childhood infection; can damage fetus

14

polio

viral; attacks nervous system and can cause paralysis

15

rabies

viral; from bats, dogs, armadillos; once you show symptoms you're dead

16

rotavirus

viral; infection that causes massive diarrhea in children

17

smallpox

viral; causes pneumonia, distinct rash

18

varicella

viral; chicken pox; mild childhood illness, awful in adults who have never been exposed

19

yellow fever

viral; causes liver damage

20

herpes zoster

viral; shingles

21

immune globulins

sera; proteins that are involved in conferring immunity- NOT a vaccine

22

RIG

rabies immune globulin; NOT a vaccine- sera from someone elses body who has been vaccinated for rabies or exposed and never got sick

23

Difference between sera and vaccines

sera is using someone else's antibodies to fight the infection for you, vaccines make you develop your own antibodies toward the infection

24

side effects of sera

flu-like symptoms

25

antitoxins

clear out the toxic results of the body working on the invading toxin

26

antivenins

works against the actual enzyme process in the poison