Flashcards in Final Exam Misc. Deck (43)
secondary adverse reaction
additional to the desired effect
-eg. antihistamines make you drowsy
-attack and lysis of the cell that has the drug -on it
-causes drug-induced hemolytic anemia
caused by body reacting to antibodies combining with the drug
time-lapse between taking the drug and adverse reactions
-eg. poison ivy
labs for antifungals
ALT and AST... liver labs
causes and s/s of disulfiram-like reactions
-disulfiram = Antabuse
-taking metronidazole with alcohol
-s/s: n/v, flushing, tachy, shortness of breath... problem with CO until proven otherwise
problem with any antineoplastic agent that starts with a "d", like "doxyrubicin"
bad effects on the heart
-check for hypertrophy
-causes mouth sores
-syndrome of inappropriate ADH
-too much ADH causes extreme fluid retention
-patient will need a diuretic
how to draw up insulin
1. put air in the intermediate
2. put air in the rapid
3. draw up the rapid
4. draw up the intermediate
most dangerous side effect of SSRIs
fever- hypertensive crisis
where are alpha 1 receptors located
eyes, salivary glands, GI/ GU sphincters, arterioles
where are alpha 2 receptors located?
smooth muscle, NMJ synapse
where are beta 1 receptors located?
heart, brain, kidneys
where are beta 2 receptors located?
smooth muscle, bronchioles, liver, uterus
side effects of all beta blockers
problems with heart and lungs
MONA- morphine, oxygen, nitroglycerin, aspirin
drugs that treat problems with afterload
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
antidote to warfarin
labs for warfarin
PT and INR
antidote to enoxaprin
labs for enoxaprin and heparin
definition of infertility
diagnosed after at least one year of regular unprotected intercourse
assessments for clomiphene
-has it been long enough to consider the pt infertile?
-is there ovarian function? (test by checking estradiol levels in the urine)
clomiphene is known for...
-having a baby that is anencephalic
-gastroschisis- bowel is outside the body cavity when they are born
-having a litter
where do osmotic diuretics work
before the glomerulus
where do carbonic anhydrase inhibitors work?
descending loop of Henle
where do loop diuretics work?
in the ascending loop of Henle
where do potassium-sparing diuretics work?
in the DCT
where do thiazide diuretics work?
in the DCT