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Flashcards in Exam 5 Criminalistic Deck (100):
1

1.​There is freehand invitation and is considered as the most skillful class of forgery.

simulated or copied forgery

2

2. Condensed and compact set of authentic specimen which is adequate and proper, should contain a cross section of the material from known sources.


standard document

3

3.Specimens of hand writing or of typescript which is of known origin.

exemplars

4

4.A document which is being questioned because of its origin, its contents or the circumstances or the stories of its production.

questioned document

5

5.The art of beautiful writing.

calligraphy

6

6.Any written instrument by which a right or obligation is established.

document

7

7.A type of fingerprint pattern in which the slope or downward flow of the innermost sufficient recurve is towards the thumb of radius bone of the hand of origin.

radial loop

8

8.The forking or dividing of one line to two or more branches.

bifurcation

9

9.The point on a ridge at or in front of and nearest the center of the divergence of the type lines.

delta

10

10.The following are considerations used for the identification of a loop except one:

​​a. a delta
​​​​b. a core
​​c. a sufficient recurve​​
d. a ridge count across a looping ​​​​​​​​ bridge

d. a ridge count across a looping ​​​​​​​​ bridge

11

11.The process of recording fingerprint through the use of fingerprint ink.

fingerprinting

12

12.The fingerprint method of identification

dactyloscopy

13

13.Two lines that run parallel or nearly parallel, diverge and surround the pattern ​area.

type line

14

14.A part of the whorl or loop in which appear the cores, deltas and ridges.

pattern area

15

15.Fingerprints left on various surfaces at the crime scene which are not clearly ​visible.

latent fingerprints

16

16.The impressions left by the patterns of ridges and depressions on various ​surfaces.

fingerprints

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17.Which among the following is not considered as a basic fingerprint pattern?

accidental

18

18.The minimum identical characteristics to justify the identity between two points.

twelve

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19.A fingerprint pattern in which the ridges form a sequence of spirals around core axes.

whorl

20

20.A fingerprint pattern which one or more ridges enter on either side of the impression by a recurve, and terminate on the same side where the ridge has entered.

loop

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21.A person allowed to give an opinion or conclusion on a given scientific evidence.

expert witness

22

22.The application of scientific knowledge and techniques in the detection of crime and apprehension of criminals.

Criminalistics

23

23.Lens that is characterized by a thicker center and thinner sides.

convex lens

24

24. The normal developing time of a paper or film.

​​​b. 20-30 minutes?

25

25.This part of a camera is used to allow light to enter through the lens for a predetermined time interval.

shutter

26

26.A lens with a focal length of less than the diagonal of its negative material.

telephoto lens?

27

27.Chemical used as an accelerator in a developer solution.

Sodium Carbonate

28

28.A part of a camera used in focusing the light from the subject

lens?

29

29.A component of the polygraph instrument which records the breathing of the ​subject.

pneumograph

30

30.A component of the polygraph instrument which records the blood pressure and the pulse rate of the subject.

cardiosphygmograph

31

31.A component of the polygraph instrument which is a motor that drives or pulls the chart paper under the recording pen simultaneously at the rate of 6 or 12 inches per minute.

kymograph

32

32.The following are specific rules to be followed in the formulation of the questions in a polygraph test except one.

a. Questions must be clear and phrased in a language the subject can easily understand.
b. Questions must be answerable by yes or no.
​​c. Questions must be as short as possible.
​​d. Questions must all be in the form of accusations

Questions must all be in the form of accusations

33

33.In “ polygraph examination”, the term “ examination” means a detection of

​d. deception

34

34.It refers to an emotional response to a specific danger, which appears to go beyond a person’s defensive power.

fear

35

35.The primary purpose of pre-test interview.

Prepare subject for polygraph test

36

36.The deviation from normal tracing of the subject in the relevant question.

reaction

37

37.The study of the effect of the impact of a projectile on the target.

​a. Terminal Ballistics

38

38.The unstable rotating motion of the bullet.

​b. yaw

39

39.The part of the mechanism of a firearm that withdraws the shell or cartridge from the chamber.

​b. ejector

40

40,The pattern or curved path of the bullet in flight.

trajectory

41

41.This refers to the deflection of the bullet from its normal path after striking a resistant surface.

​c. ricochet

42

42.A type of primer with two vents or flash holes.

​b. Berdan Primer

43

43.This refers to the helical grooves cut in the interior surface of the bore.

​c. rifling

44

44.It refers to the unstable rotating motion of the bullet.

​b. yaw

45

45.It is the measurement of the bore diameter from land to land.

​a. calibre

46

46.He is known as the Father of Ballistics.

​d. Calvin Goddard

47

47.A document in which some issues have been raised or is under scrutiny.

Questioned Document

48

48.The following are characteristics of forgery except one:

​​a. Presence of Natural Variation
c. Multiple Pen Lifts
d. Show bad quality of ink lines
e. Patchwork Appearance

​​a. Presence of Natural Variation

49

49.Standards which are prepared upon the request of the investigator and for the purpose of comparison with the questioned document.

requested standards

50

50.Any stroke which goes back over another writing stroke.

retracing

51

51.The name of a person written by him/her in a document as a sign of acknowledgement.

​c. signature

52

52.A kind of document which is executed by a private person without the intervention of a notary public, or of competent public official, by which some disposition of agreement is proved.

​d. private document

53

53.An instrument that can be legally used in comparison with a questioned document, its origin is known and can be proven.

​c. standard document

54

54.The process of making out what is illegible or what has been effaced.

decipherment

55

55.A document which contains some changes either as an addition or deletion.

altered document

56

56.A kind of erasure by using a rubber eraser, sharp knife, razor blade or picking instrument.

​a. mechanical erasure​

57

57.It is the periodic increase in pressure, characterized by widening of the ink ​stroke.

pen emphasis

58

58.A kind of document executed by a person in authority and by private parties but notarized by competent officials.

​c. public document

59

59.The detection and identification of poisons.

​c. toxicology

60

60.The specimen which is preferably used in the determination of abused drugs in the body.

​d. urine

61

61.A forensic chemist is tasked to examine the chemical nature and composition of the following except one:

​​a. fingerprint​
b. explosives
​​c. blood​​​​​
d. body fluids

​​a. fingerprint

62

62.Who qualifies a forensic chemist as expert?

judge

63

63.Methamphetamine hydrochloride is commonly known as

​d. shabu

64

64.An area surrounding the place where the crime occurred.

crime scene

65

65.The body of the crime.

​d. corpus delicti

66

66.Its source is the opium poppy.

morphine

67

67.Number restoration is necessary in determining whether there is tampering of serial number in

firearm

68

68.In forensic examination, a tip of the hair is examined to determine if it was

​d. cut

69

69.All of the following are accurate tests for the presence of alcohol in the human body except one:

​​a. saliva test
​​​​b. Harger Breath Test
​​c. fecal test
​​​​d. blood test

fecal test​

70

70.The application of chemical principles and processes in the examination of ​evidence.

Forensic Chemistry

71

71.Volatile poisons may be isolated by means of this process.

distillation

72

72.The process in reproducing a physical evidence by plaster moulds.

casting

73

73.The test used to determine the presence of semen particularly in stained ​clothing.

Florence Test?

74

74.The test used to determine the presence of blood in stained material.

Takayama Test​

75

75.It is the major component of a glass.

Silica

76

76.Poisons which produce stupor and less feeling.

Depressants

77

77.A supercooled liquid which possess high viscosity and rigidity.

glass

78

78.The study and identification of body fluids.

Serology

79

79.The test to determine whether blood is of human origin or not.

Precipitin Test

80

80.The circulating tissue of the body.

Blood

81

81.The complete, continuous, persistent cessation of respiration, circulation and almost all brain function of an organism.

Somatic death

82

82.The approximate time for the completion of one case for DNA Testing.

minimum of six weeks?

83

83. It stands for DNA.

Deoxyribonucleic Acid

84

84.The Geneticist from Great Britain who pioneered DNA testing and fingerprinting.

Alec Jeffries

85

85.The cause of death of a person who immediately died because of lack of oxygen for around 3 to five minutes.

Asphyxia

86

86.The most serious burn involving skin, nerves, muscles and bones, causing death due to loss of fluids and electrolytes in the body and massive infection.

Third Degree Burn

87

87. A discoloration of the body after death when the blood tends to pool in the blood vessels of the most dependent portions of the body and starts 20 to 30 minutes after death and is completed by 12 hours.

​a. livor mortis

88

88.A wound which if inflicted in the body so serious that it will endanger one’s life.

mortal wound

89

89.A wound produced by a blunt instrument such as club and stone.

lacerated wound

90

90.A displacement of the articular surface of the bone without external wounds.

dislocation

91

91.A condition of exposure to cold temperature of certain parts of the body which produces mechanical disruption of cell structure characterized by cold stiffening and diminished body.

frostbite

92

92.A condition of a woman who have had one or more sexual experience but not had conceived a child.

demi-virginity?

93

93.Fixed discoloration of the blood, clothed inside the blood vessels or has diffused to different parts of the body.

hypostatic lividity?

94

94.Things used by a person in the commission of a crime, or objects left in a crime scene which are the subjects of criminalistics.

physical evidence

95

95.The science dealing with the motion of a projectile and the conditions governing that motion.

Ballistics

96

96.The application of medical knowledge in the solution of crimes.

Forensic Medicine

97

97.The science or art of obtaining images in scientific materials by the action of electro magnetic radiation rays.

Photography

98

98.Instrument used in the measurement of temperature.

thermometer

99

99.The scientific detection of deception.

Polygraphy

100

100.The test conducted to determine the presence of gunpowder residue in the hands of a suspect.

​c. paraffin test​