Flashcards in Exam 5 Criminalistic Deck (100):
1.There is freehand invitation and is considered as the most skillful class of forgery.
simulated or copied forgery
2. Condensed and compact set of authentic specimen which is adequate and proper, should contain a cross section of the material from known sources.
3.Specimens of hand writing or of typescript which is of known origin.
4.A document which is being questioned because of its origin, its contents or the circumstances or the stories of its production.
5.The art of beautiful writing.
6.Any written instrument by which a right or obligation is established.
7.A type of fingerprint pattern in which the slope or downward flow of the innermost sufficient recurve is towards the thumb of radius bone of the hand of origin.
8.The forking or dividing of one line to two or more branches.
9.The point on a ridge at or in front of and nearest the center of the divergence of the type lines.
10.The following are considerations used for the identification of a loop except one:
a. a delta
b. a core
c. a sufficient recurve
d. a ridge count across a looping bridge
d. a ridge count across a looping bridge
11.The process of recording fingerprint through the use of fingerprint ink.
12.The fingerprint method of identification
13.Two lines that run parallel or nearly parallel, diverge and surround the pattern area.
14.A part of the whorl or loop in which appear the cores, deltas and ridges.
15.Fingerprints left on various surfaces at the crime scene which are not clearly visible.
16.The impressions left by the patterns of ridges and depressions on various surfaces.
17.Which among the following is not considered as a basic fingerprint pattern?
18.The minimum identical characteristics to justify the identity between two points.
19.A fingerprint pattern in which the ridges form a sequence of spirals around core axes.
20.A fingerprint pattern which one or more ridges enter on either side of the impression by a recurve, and terminate on the same side where the ridge has entered.
21.A person allowed to give an opinion or conclusion on a given scientific evidence.
22.The application of scientific knowledge and techniques in the detection of crime and apprehension of criminals.
23.Lens that is characterized by a thicker center and thinner sides.
24. The normal developing time of a paper or film.
b. 20-30 minutes?
25.This part of a camera is used to allow light to enter through the lens for a predetermined time interval.
26.A lens with a focal length of less than the diagonal of its negative material.
27.Chemical used as an accelerator in a developer solution.
28.A part of a camera used in focusing the light from the subject
29.A component of the polygraph instrument which records the breathing of the subject.
30.A component of the polygraph instrument which records the blood pressure and the pulse rate of the subject.
31.A component of the polygraph instrument which is a motor that drives or pulls the chart paper under the recording pen simultaneously at the rate of 6 or 12 inches per minute.
32.The following are specific rules to be followed in the formulation of the questions in a polygraph test except one.
a. Questions must be clear and phrased in a language the subject can easily understand.
b. Questions must be answerable by yes or no.
c. Questions must be as short as possible.
d. Questions must all be in the form of accusations
Questions must all be in the form of accusations
33.In “ polygraph examination”, the term “ examination” means a detection of
34.It refers to an emotional response to a specific danger, which appears to go beyond a person’s defensive power.
35.The primary purpose of pre-test interview.
Prepare subject for polygraph test
36.The deviation from normal tracing of the subject in the relevant question.
37.The study of the effect of the impact of a projectile on the target.
a. Terminal Ballistics
38.The unstable rotating motion of the bullet.
39.The part of the mechanism of a firearm that withdraws the shell or cartridge from the chamber.
40,The pattern or curved path of the bullet in flight.
41.This refers to the deflection of the bullet from its normal path after striking a resistant surface.
42.A type of primer with two vents or flash holes.
b. Berdan Primer
43.This refers to the helical grooves cut in the interior surface of the bore.
44.It refers to the unstable rotating motion of the bullet.
45.It is the measurement of the bore diameter from land to land.
46.He is known as the Father of Ballistics.
d. Calvin Goddard
47.A document in which some issues have been raised or is under scrutiny.
48.The following are characteristics of forgery except one:
a. Presence of Natural Variation
c. Multiple Pen Lifts
d. Show bad quality of ink lines
e. Patchwork Appearance
a. Presence of Natural Variation
49.Standards which are prepared upon the request of the investigator and for the purpose of comparison with the questioned document.
50.Any stroke which goes back over another writing stroke.
51.The name of a person written by him/her in a document as a sign of acknowledgement.
52.A kind of document which is executed by a private person without the intervention of a notary public, or of competent public official, by which some disposition of agreement is proved.
d. private document
53.An instrument that can be legally used in comparison with a questioned document, its origin is known and can be proven.
c. standard document
54.The process of making out what is illegible or what has been effaced.
55.A document which contains some changes either as an addition or deletion.
56.A kind of erasure by using a rubber eraser, sharp knife, razor blade or picking instrument.
a. mechanical erasure
57.It is the periodic increase in pressure, characterized by widening of the ink stroke.
58.A kind of document executed by a person in authority and by private parties but notarized by competent officials.
c. public document
59.The detection and identification of poisons.
60.The specimen which is preferably used in the determination of abused drugs in the body.
61.A forensic chemist is tasked to examine the chemical nature and composition of the following except one:
d. body fluids
62.Who qualifies a forensic chemist as expert?
63.Methamphetamine hydrochloride is commonly known as
64.An area surrounding the place where the crime occurred.
65.The body of the crime.
d. corpus delicti
66.Its source is the opium poppy.
67.Number restoration is necessary in determining whether there is tampering of serial number in
68.In forensic examination, a tip of the hair is examined to determine if it was
69.All of the following are accurate tests for the presence of alcohol in the human body except one:
a. saliva test
b. Harger Breath Test
c. fecal test
d. blood test
70.The application of chemical principles and processes in the examination of evidence.
71.Volatile poisons may be isolated by means of this process.
72.The process in reproducing a physical evidence by plaster moulds.
73.The test used to determine the presence of semen particularly in stained clothing.
74.The test used to determine the presence of blood in stained material.
75.It is the major component of a glass.
76.Poisons which produce stupor and less feeling.
77.A supercooled liquid which possess high viscosity and rigidity.
78.The study and identification of body fluids.
79.The test to determine whether blood is of human origin or not.
80.The circulating tissue of the body.
81.The complete, continuous, persistent cessation of respiration, circulation and almost all brain function of an organism.
82.The approximate time for the completion of one case for DNA Testing.
minimum of six weeks?
83. It stands for DNA.
84.The Geneticist from Great Britain who pioneered DNA testing and fingerprinting.
85.The cause of death of a person who immediately died because of lack of oxygen for around 3 to five minutes.
86.The most serious burn involving skin, nerves, muscles and bones, causing death due to loss of fluids and electrolytes in the body and massive infection.
Third Degree Burn
87. A discoloration of the body after death when the blood tends to pool in the blood vessels of the most dependent portions of the body and starts 20 to 30 minutes after death and is completed by 12 hours.
a. livor mortis
88.A wound which if inflicted in the body so serious that it will endanger one’s life.
89.A wound produced by a blunt instrument such as club and stone.
90.A displacement of the articular surface of the bone without external wounds.
91.A condition of exposure to cold temperature of certain parts of the body which produces mechanical disruption of cell structure characterized by cold stiffening and diminished body.
92.A condition of a woman who have had one or more sexual experience but not had conceived a child.
93.Fixed discoloration of the blood, clothed inside the blood vessels or has diffused to different parts of the body.
94.Things used by a person in the commission of a crime, or objects left in a crime scene which are the subjects of criminalistics.
95.The science dealing with the motion of a projectile and the conditions governing that motion.
96.The application of medical knowledge in the solution of crimes.
97.The science or art of obtaining images in scientific materials by the action of electro magnetic radiation rays.
98.Instrument used in the measurement of temperature.
99.The scientific detection of deception.