Flashcards in 0001 Crim Deck (111):
1. In gunshot wounds, when there is evident burning of tissues and blackening of the skin, it maybe ascertained that it is at near contact fire meaning that the distance of the body to the gun is approximately.
b. 12 inches
2. When there is a choice between several deltas and one of which is a bifurcation, the one to be selected should be the ________.
3. Can all physicians allowed to conduct Autopsy?
4. The test used in textile fibers.
c. burning and solubility test
5. Branch of Metallurgy that involves the microstructures of metals and alloys.
6. Three (3) types of poisons.
a. Organic, Inorganic, Biological
7. Antidote for Arsenic Poisoning.
8. “ Did you ever steal anything?” is what kind of questions.
10. Two (2) persons who tried to destroy there fingerprints
John Dillenger and Robert James Pitt
11. How many fingerprint classification are used internationally?
12. The Three (3) fingerprint classifications are; Arch, Loops, and ________.
9. Breaking down of complex proteins into simpler components associated with foul smelling gasses and accompanied by chance in color of the body.
13. In criminal investigation, when we say “bullet”, does it includes pellets?
14. Muzzle velocity of Military firearms.
c. 2,500 fps
15. It refers to the actual curve path of projectile from the moment it leaves the gun barrel until it hits the target. (2x question)
16. If smokeless powder was made from gelatinize nitrocellulose mixed with ether and alcohol, does Black powder contains charcoal and sulfur?
17. These are guns designed to fire only one shot for every loading. (2x question)
a. Single-shot firearm
18. In gunshot wounds, which is always greater in appearance?
19. In photography, when we say tripod, how many stands are there?
20. Can rigor mortis determine the time of death?
21. In robbery case. Which is the focus of close up photography?
b. forcible entry
22. In post-mortem lividity, the blood cannot be transferred even if the body has been moved to another position when the blood is defused in the ____________.
c. Outer skin
23. Most common form of asphyxia
24. A condition in which the supply of oxygen to the blood has been reduced below working levels. (5x question)
25. Involuntary divergence of the pen line from the natural direction in the formation of letters.
d. loose writing
26. First police surgeon or forensic pathologist who performed the autopsy of Julius Caesar.
27. How many percent of alcohol is needed to be considered that a person is intoxicated?
28. Used to see stains on clothes that are invisible to a normal light.
b. Infrared light
29. A little bit better than idiots.
c. Moral defficiency
30. What is the purpose of getting the plain impression of the subject?
a. For classification purposes
b. For verification purposes
c. To check the order of the rolled impression
d. For comparison purposes
31. The poisonous gas that smells like a rotten egg.
32. A violent volatile poison producing an almond odor in vomit’s of the victim.
33. Another term for Ultra-violet light.
34. It is an adjustable mechanism that regulates the amount of light reaching the film by varying the length of time, and it is consider as the door of the camera.
35. Sequence of sensitivity of the Three (3) emulsion layers of color film.
b. Red- Green-Blue
36. An instrument used to measure the bore diameter of a shotgun.
37. Covers the surface of the dermis with blunt peg-like formation.
c. Dermal papillae
38. An instrument used to detect alcohol in human body.
c. Breath analyzers
39. The morphological constituents of human hair.
b. Root, Shaft, Tip
40. The depression between the ridges which maybe compared with the low areas in a tire tread.
41. It is the access to another computer network sites to steal data or sensitive information.
42. It is a sensitized material that has the primary function of recording the image that is focused upon it by the lens of the camera.(2x question)
43. A component of a polygraph machine which is used to record the perspiration and breathing of a subject with the aid of a convoluted rubber tube.
44. The most typical camera used for police photography.
b. Single lens reflex camera
45. They are considered as the focal points in fingerprint identification.
b. Core and Delta
46. Black powder as discovered by Chinese Alchemist is consists of a mixture of:
d. Sulfur, Charcoal and saltpeter
47. How many days after infliction does a “black-eye” can be observed to be turning Purple?
48. A principle in fingerprint which states that the ridge patterns on the digits never change during the life of an individual.
a. Principle of Permanency
49. “Is your mother’s name Madalena?” is what kind of question?
50. All fingers are rolled AWAY from the subject’s body except?
d. Both Thumbs
51. Branch of ballistics which involves the study of projectile’s behavior from the time it leaves the gun until it ends its flight.
c. Exterior Ballistics
52. Regarded as a special form of pen lift disguise in which a perceptible group appears in the writing.
53. These are firearms that propel projectiles with diameter of more than one (1) inch.
54. There are always two deltas in what fingerprint pattern?
55. The two types of glass fractures are?
b. Radial and Concentric fractures
56. A fingerprint characteristics which is free from any obstruction.
a. Sufficient recurve/ Recurving ridge
57. In terminal ballistics, it is the depth of bullet penetrating the target.
d. Terminal Penetration
58. Firearms are like people that have general and specific characteristics. What firearm characteristics refers to those that can be determined only after a gun is already manufactured?
d. Individual Characteristics
59. A typewriter defect that can be corrected by cleaning the machine or replacing the ribbon.
a. Transitory defect
60. It is the ridge count of the first loop pattern appearing on the fingerprint card except the two little fingers.
d. Key classification
61. It refers to the last stage of toxological examination.
62. Individual characteristics of firearms can be determined even before a gun is manufactured. This statement is-
62. Individual characteristics of firearms can be determined even before a gun is manufactured. This statement is-
63. These are marks found at the extracting groove of the spent shell caused by its withdrawal from the chamber.
a. Ejector marks
b. Shearing marks
c. Extractor marks
d. Firing pin marks
64. Human hair has medullary index of less than ________, and animal hair has a medullary index of greater than _________.
d. 0.5, 0.7
65. This will serve as authority of polygraph examiner to examine the subject as evidence that subject voluntary submits to undergo the test.
b. Willingness of the subject to take the test to prove his innocence
66. When a shot is fired on an automatic pistol by a criminal
c. The shell in most cases will be found at the scene of firing
67. When bullet travels through the body it produces a shock wave which damages the tissue around its path, this is known as –
68. In tented arches, the ridges _________
Run from one side to another with rise at the center
69. In taking fingerprints, __________ are rolled towards the body of the subject.
70. If the same digits of both hands are missing, the impressions are held to be __________.
Dependent on the classification of the print of the other finger
Dependent on the ridge tracing
Plain whorl, Meeting
71. In the investigation of a rape case, use of ultra violent light is a useful method because-
To locate stains, but not to establish whether they are semen stains
72. If a subject has more than ten (10) fingers, the extra finger is printed on the_______ of the fingerprint chart with notation to the effect that same is an extra finger.
Face, upper corner
Face, lower corner
73. Discharge shells are initialed at –
Inside or outside of the case near open end
74. The retouching of a defective portion of a written stroke is known in questions document examination as
75. In case of minor injury affecting only the layer of the friction skin, the injury will not permanently deface the ridge formation provided that the ______ is not affected.
76. A drop of blood which falls from the moving object or person is elongated and the splashes are found to be concentrated around one end of the stain. As a general rule, the splashes and the extension of the drop of blood indicates –
Direction of movement
77. The identity of two impressions is established primarily through _______.
Ridge characteristics and the relative position of these ridge characteristics
78. When inking fingers for the purpose of taking rolled impressions, the fingers must be inked from ______ to base of the joint.
79. Is a kind of fingerprint pattern in which one or more ridges enter on either side of the impression by a recurve, pass out or terminate on the same side as the ridges enter.
80. A characteristic of post-mortem symptom of carbon monoxide poisoning is a –
Pinkish lividity of all part of the body
81. The English person who coined the term “Photography” in English language.
John F. Herschel
82. In taking mug shots of a suspect who is standing, the camera should be positioned –
At chest level
83. This condition mimics rigor mortis when the dead body is exposed to very low temperature.
84. Evidence which change quickly such as skid marks, the wounds and bruises will heal and disappear before the case comes to trial. Such evidence can be preserved by –
Photographed introduced in court as evidence
85. The type of special kind of death is done by making convict face a firing squad and is put to death by a volley of fire.
86. To be able to make a positive identification of a person, document examiner must be able to observe the –
Distinguishing individual features of his handwriting
87. Writing characterized by too much freedom of movement and lack of regulation which is usually tall letters.
88. Upon beginning the test, how many seconds should the examiner wait before asking the first question?
89. A form of sexual perversion where a male individual derives pleasure from wearing the female apparels.
90. Portrait parle is correctly defined by which of the following?
The verbal, accurate, and picturesque description of the person identified
91. One of the following is considered the “cardinal rule in chart interpretation”.
a. Chart makings is the keynote to accurate chart interpretation
b. Specific response must form a deviation from norm
c. Any change from normal response requires an explanation
d. Chart probing shall be done after each chart
Any change from normal response requires an explanation
92. Maybe defined as the scientific examination of firearms, shell, bullets allegedly used in the commission of a crime.
93. DNA is a chemical substance found in all cells and individuals has a unique DNA and only ________ share the same DNA pattern.
94. The restoration of tampered serial numbers can be done by the use of –
95. In ridge tracing, 3 or more ridges above the right delta is considered whorl type of pattern with –
96. Period of time wherein human bones will not exhibit changes.
97. The tumbling of the bullet in its flight and hitting the target sideways as a result of not spinning on its axis.
Key hole shot
98. A wound produced by blunt object/instrument such as log and stone.
99. A physical injury which is found at the site and also the opposite site of application of force.
Coup and contre coup injury
100. The light from the pinhole camera will form –
An inverted image
101. The simplest of all fingerprint patterns is the –
102. It was found out by the authorities in Dactyloscopy that 65% of fingerprint patterns are classified as –
103. The rifling of a firearm is located inside the barrel. It consist of –
Lands and grooves
104. The fingerprint of a person appears on fetus between _________ after conception.
105. Contemporary handwriting standards means that the age of the standard should be within –
a. 5 years prior to the date of the questioned document
106. The identification of handwriting is based on the proposition that –
People are with different handwriting
107. A type of burn produced as a result of the body come in contact with a moving object.
108. The marks left on a bullet by a gun barrel are different from those left by any other gun barrel. This fact is most useful in identifying the –
Gun from which the bullet was fire
109. In cases of suicide, what would be the noticeable muscular change?