Flashcards in Exam Reveiw Deck (104):
What is federalism?
A system of government where the power is divided between central and regional governments by a written constitution.
What is cooperative federalism?
Where the decision making is shared by the central and state governments, but the federal government is supreme. (Gov. In DC)
What is "States Rights View"?
Competitive relationship between state and national government. A gain in power for one is a loss in power for the other.
What are the 5 principles of state government?
1. Popular sovereignty
2. Limited government
3. Separation of powers
4. Checks and balances
5. Bicameral legislation
What is popular sovereignty?
Where the will of the people is supreme.
What does limited government mean?
That the government is not a dictatorship.
Which state does not have a bicameral legislature?
What are the functions of state governments?
1. Police power
2. Public services
3. Controlling local governments
What 5 things fall under the police power category?
1. Public safety
2. Public health
3. Public morals
4. Public transportation
5. General welfare
What are examples of public safety?
State troopers, TBI, ETC.
What is an example of public morals?
The DARE program
What falls under the general welfare?
Child labor laws
What two things describe Public Services?
1. Building roads
What is the biggest government cost?
What rule falls under the Controlling of Local Governments?
What is Dillion's rule?
All units of a local government are created by, and are subordinate to, the state
What two things are the major weaknesses of local governments?
1. Slow to changes
2. Lack of money
What is the biggest component to a state's revenue?
Sales taxes and property taxes
What are the 3 types of aids for the government?
1. Grants in Aid
2. Block Grants
3. Revenue Sharing
What is a grant in aid?
Federal resources the federal government gives to the states with LOTS of restrictions
What are block grants?
The same as grants in aid, but with very few restrictions
What is revenue sharing?
Where the federal government gives a percentage of its tax revenue back to the states. (Very few restrictions)
What are the 5 things every state constitution has?
1. Bill of Rights
2. Outlined structure of state government
3. Established system of local government
4. Created state boards, agencies, and institutions
5. Established revenue system
When did TN become a state?
Where was the first capital, and where did it move to in 1826?
What are the characteristics of the TN legislative branch?
1. Called the TN General Assembly
3. 90 day session over 2 year period
How many members are in the TN House?
How many members are in the TN Senate?
What is the primary function of the legislative branch?
1. Make laws
2. Provide a forum for debate
3. Provide the financing for the state government
Regarding "provide a forum for debate" under the functions of legislation, what does that mean?
Debating issues that are important to the people
What is an extraordinary session?
A session called by the governor, and only goes through if 2/3 of the members of BOTH houses request it.
What are the Congressional officers positions and how are they chosen?
1. Sec. State
2. Comptroller of the Treasury
3. State Treasurer
They're elected officials
How long is the Sec. State's term?
What does the Sec. State do?
Keeps the records for the state
How long is the term for the Comptroller?
How long is the term for the State Treasurer?
How do bills become laws?
1. May originate in either house
2. Must be introduced during the first 10 legislative days
3. Must be passed on 3 separate legislative days in BOTH houses
4. Sent to the governor
What two options does the governor have to do with a bill?
What two things can happen if a bill is vetoed?
1. Simple majority to override (50%+1)
2. If the governor does. Itching for 10 days, the bill becomes law.
How long is the Senate term in TN?
What are the qualifications for the Senate?
1. 30 years old
2. US Citizen
3. Lived 3 years in TN
4. Lived in the district you'll represent for 1 year
What leadership role does the Lt. Gov. play?
He's the Speaker of the Senate
Right now, who is the majority leader in the senate?
The Republican Party
Right now, who is the minority leader in the TN Senate?
The Speaker Pro Tempore is also called what?
President Pro Tempore
What are the powers of the Lt. Gov.?
1. First to succeed the governor if he dies
2. Presides over the senate
3. Appoints committees
4. Member of all standing committees
What are two examples of the nine standing committees?
1. Education committee
2. Transportation committee
How long is the term for members of the TN House?
How many, and how often, are House members up for reelection?
All 99 members every 2 years
What are the qualifications for House members?
1. 21 years old
2. US Citizen
3. Lived in TN for 3 years
4. Lived in the district for 1 year
What is the leadership hierarchy in the House?
1. Speaker of the House
2. Majority (R)
3. Minority (D)
4. Speaker Pro Tempore
What are the duties of the SotH?
1. Presides over the House
2. Second in line to succeed the governor
3. Appoints all committees
4. Serves on all committees
5. In charge of the facilities
What is the unique power that the TN House has?
All impeachment proceedings must begin in the House
How many standing committees are in the TN House?
What do the House and Senate members get paid each year?
$19009 per year
Is serving in the TN legislature a full or part time job?
How long is the governor's term?
4 years (cannot serve more than 8 consecutive years)
What are the qualifications for governor?
1. 30 years old
2. US Citizen
3. Lived in TN for 7 years
What are the duties of the governor?
1. Commander in Chief of the TN National Guard
2. Execute laws
3. Appoints people to be in charge of the operations of state government
What is the succession for if the governor does?
1. Lt. Gov.
3. Sec. State
4. Comptroller of the Treasury
What happens if the governor does within his first 18 months?
His successor will finish the term and serve until the next election
Who has more cabinet members? The governor or president?
Name three of the Commissioners that the governor has in his cabinet
1. Commissioner of Agriculture
2. Com. Corrections
3. Com. Military
What is the purpose of the judicial branch?
1. Interpret law
2. Settle disputes
What are the two types of judicial cases?
1. Criminal (wrongdoing against the people)
2. Civil (dispute between individuals)
How are the TN Supreme Court members chosen?
Elected by the people
How many members are on the THSC right now?
What three places do the members of the TNSC meet?
What are the qualifications for being a member of the TNSC?
1. 35 years old
2. Lived in TN for 5 years
3. Licensed to practice law in TN
How long is the Chief Justice term, and how is it decided?
8 years, rotated among the 5 justices
What two courts are in the Intermediate Appellate Courts?
1. Court of Appeals
2. Court of Criminal Appeals
Do the Intermediate Courts have juries?
What are the 4 types of trial courts?
What do probate courts settle/ deal with?
What do the chancery courts deal with?
1. Domestic relations
2. Civil cases
What do circuit courts manage?
1. Domestic relations
2. Civil/criminal cases
What do the criminal courts deal with?
1. Criminal cases
Which courts have limited jurisdiction?
1. Juvenile court
2. General Sessions
What do juvenile courts deal with?
2. Drugs, Vandalism, etc
What do General Sessions courts deal with?
1. Preliminary hearings
2. Civil cases (fines up to $5000)
3. Domestic relations
4. Mental health
5. Small claims
What is the purpose if the Municipal Courts?
Interpret and apply the town ordinances
What do the municipal courts deal with?
2. City Codes
How is the county sheriff chosen?
What does the sheriff do?
1. Preserves the peace
2. Maintains the jail
3. Serves court documents (subpoena, etc.)
How is the county mayor chosen?
How much power does the mayor have?
Who works for the mayor?
No one that's elected
What does the mayor do?
1. In charge of the county's property
2. Keeps the county's accounts
3. Prepares a report on the county's financial condition
Who are the county commissioners?
The legislative body
What did the county commissioners do?
1. Set taxes
2. Make the county budget
How are the county trustees chosen?
What do the trustees do?
1. Collect taxes
2. Pays the county's bills
3. Invests any extra money
What does the register of deeds do?
1. Takes care of the county's legal documents
What does the county clerk do?
1. Car tags/plates
2. Marriage licenses
What does the assessor of property do?
1. Determines the value of all real/personal property in the county
How are the members of the board of education chosen?
What does the Board/Edu. Take care of?
The school system
What does the school superintendent do?
Takes car of the day to day duties if the school
What does the county corner do?
2. Death certificates
What does the Highway Administrator do?
Takes care of the county roads
Who is the TN governor?
Who is the TN Lt. Gov.?
Who is the TN SotH?