Factors Affecting Health Flashcards Preview

Biology: 1 > Factors Affecting Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Factors Affecting Health Deck (22):
1

Your health is affected by having an ____ ____

Your health is affected by having an unbalanced diet

2

Define 'malnourished'

Used to describe someone whose diet is badly out of balance

3

How does malnourishment differ from starvation?

Starvation is not getting enough food of any sort, while malnourishment is about not getting the right sorts of food to be healthy

4

Malnourished people can be ____, ____, or ____ ____ ____ ____

Malnourished people can be fat, thin, or unhealthy in other ways

5

What can eating too much lead to?

Obesity

6

Eating too much of which 2 particular food groups can cause obesity?

1. Carbohydrates

2. Fats

7

Where is obesity a common disorder?

In developed countries

8

Define 'obesity'

Being 20% (or more) over recommended body mass

9

Name 4 causes of obesity

1. Hormonal problems

2. Poor diet

3. Overeating

4. Lack of exercise

10

Name 5 (+ 2 sub categories) health problems that can arise as a result of obesity

1. Arthritis

2. Type 2 diabetes

3. High blood pressure

4. Heart disease

5. Risk factor for some kinds of cancer

6. Too much sat. fat. -> increase blood cholesterol level

7. Too much salt -> high blood pressure and heart problems

11

Where is malnutrition through lack of food common?

In developing countries

12

The effects of malnutrition vary depending on what?

What foods are missing from the diet

13

Name 4 common problems caused by malnutrition

1. Slow growth (in children)

2. Fatigue

3. Poor resistance to infection

4. Irregular periods

14

Define 'deficiency diseases'

Diseases caused by a lack of vitamins and minerals

15

What can a lack of vitamin C cause?

 

Define it

Scurvy

A deficiency disease that causes problems with the skin, joints, and gums

16

People who exercise regularly are usually ____ than those who don't

People who exercise regularly are usually healthier than those who don't

17

Name the 3 ways exercise can lead to improved health.

End result?

1. Increases the amount of energy used by the body

2. Decreases the amount of energy stored as fat

3. Builds muscle boosting your metabolic rate

Less likely to suffer from health problems such as obesity

18

Does being fit always = being healthy?

No

You can be physically fit and slim, but malnourished at the same time because your diet isn't balanced

19

Besides diet and exercise, what else can affect your health?

Inherited factors

20

Give an example of some inherited factors that can affect your metabolic rate

Some inhertied factors can cause an underactive thyroid gland, which can lower the metabolic rate and cause obesity

21

Gvie an example of how some inherited factors can affect blood cholesterol level

Some inherited factors can increase blood cholesterol level, which increases the risk of heart disease

22

What is cholesterol, and where is it found?

Cholesterol is a fatty substance that's essential for good health

It's found in every cell in your body