Your health is affected by having an ____ ____
Your health is affected by having an unbalanced diet
Used to describe someone whose diet is badly out of balance
How does malnourishment differ from starvation?
Starvation is not getting enough food of any sort, while malnourishment is about not getting the right sorts of food to be healthy
Malnourished people can be ____, ____, or ____ ____ ____ ____
Malnourished people can be fat, thin, or unhealthy in other ways
What can eating too much lead to?
Eating too much of which 2 particular food groups can cause obesity?
Where is obesity a common disorder?
In developed countries
Being 20% (or more) over recommended body mass
Name 4 causes of obesity
1. Hormonal problems
2. Poor diet
4. Lack of exercise
Name 5 (+ 2 sub categories) health problems that can arise as a result of obesity
2. Type 2 diabetes
3. High blood pressure
4. Heart disease
5. Risk factor for some kinds of cancer
6. Too much sat. fat. -> increase blood cholesterol level
7. Too much salt -> high blood pressure and heart problems
Where is malnutrition through lack of food common?
In developing countries
The effects of malnutrition vary depending on what?
What foods are missing from the diet
Name 4 common problems caused by malnutrition
1. Slow growth (in children)
3. Poor resistance to infection
4. Irregular periods
Define 'deficiency diseases'
Diseases caused by a lack of vitamins and minerals
What can a lack of vitamin C cause?
A deficiency disease that causes problems with the skin, joints, and gums
People who exercise regularly are usually ____ than those who don't
People who exercise regularly are usually healthier than those who don't
Name the 3 ways exercise can lead to improved health.
1. Increases the amount of energy used by the body
2. Decreases the amount of energy stored as fat
3. Builds muscle boosting your metabolic rate
Less likely to suffer from health problems such as obesity
Does being fit always = being healthy?
You can be physically fit and slim, but malnourished at the same time because your diet isn't balanced
Besides diet and exercise, what else can affect your health?
Give an example of some inherited factors that can affect your metabolic rate
Some inhertied factors can cause an underactive thyroid gland, which can lower the metabolic rate and cause obesity
Gvie an example of how some inherited factors can affect blood cholesterol level
Some inherited factors can increase blood cholesterol level, which increases the risk of heart disease
What is cholesterol, and where is it found?
Cholesterol is a fatty substance that's essential for good health
It's found in every cell in your body