Flashcards in family diversity Deck (9)
Benson- Cohabitation vs marriage (New right)
marriage is more stable, better for having children, marriage has a clear commitment to each other.
New right- gender roles
fundamental biological differences explain why women stay at home and men work etc. Family keep society alive, anything bar nuclear is dysfunctional
Chester- the Neo-conventional family
The Neo conventional family is a dual earner family in which both spouses go out to work. Bar this he says the nuclear family is still the most common.
Rapoport- five types of family diversity
1. organisational diversity- differences in the way family roles are organised. eg dual earners
2. cultural diversity- different culture, religious and ethnic groups have different family structures eg female headed families among African Caribbean.
3.social class diversity- differences in family structure due to income differences between social classes.
4. life stage diversity- differ depending on stage reached in life cycle.
5. generational diversity- generations have different attitudes and experiences reflect times they lived in.
Stacey- divorce extended family
Stacey argues that family change has benefited women. One new family type is divorce extended - members connected by divorce, key members include former in laws.
Giddens - choice and equality (individualist theory)
laws used to control marriage and the family, now couples define their relationships themselves, rather than acting out roles they have been given.
Giddens - pure relationship (individualist theory)
relationships only exist as long as it satisfies both their needs, no longer down to law or traditional now is feelings and attraction etc.
Beck - the negotiated family (individualist theory)
don't fit with traditional family norm, but vary according to the wishes and expectations of their members, who decide what is best for them.