Flashcards in Family- Industrializaion & Changes Deck (14)
What is the "fit thesis?" (basic)
Talcott Parsons: the nuclear family is the best fit for a modern industrial society.
in the modern industrial society, "nuclear family is isolated"
Fit thesis: Why were extended families popular?
Goode & Parsons:
+preindustrial societies required multi-functional families
+kinship: similar agricultural work and bond
+economy: families were the source of production, needed for labour & to take care of elderly
Fit Thesis: Why did nuclear family rise?
+ fall in nepotism in favor of meritocratic industrial society
+ required mobility to cope with industrial demand of labour
+ clash of generations: "achieved" vs "ascribed" statuses, how nuclear family avoids the conflict.
+ strong conjugal bonds required because a loss of kinship networks
Fit Thesis critics (know at least 3)
Carlin (CIE page 103)
Extended families didn't exist:
+ average life expectancy was low
+ elderly did not remain in families with their children
Finch (CIE 102)
+ no evidence for taking care of elderly
+ no provision for children except for eldest son
+ wide range of household types in premodern eras
no u @ fit thesis.
"nuclear family brought the ability to engage in industrialization, hence industrialization in western europe and not in russia or japan"
Extended families existed during industrialization.
23% of 1851 census families had "kin relations"
+working class families remained extended in the absence of welfare state to help with mutual aid
Young and Wilmott
Stage 1: [pre-industrial]
Stage 2: [early idustiral ]
Stage 3: [symmetrical]
Stage 4: ??? possible
Stage 1 Family
Preinudstiral" husband, wife and children are a team functioning as a unit of production in agricultural society
Stage 2 Fmaily
+ high working class poverty
+women head it because men die
+women have strong kinship networks among themselves, "mother and married daughter households almost function as a single unit"
+men prefers pubs to family life
sharing conjugal roles, women also working
+ men come home for "bettered domestic environment"
+ increased geographical mobility demands = decreased kinship
+ better wages = no need for kinship
+ less children = more female employment
Young and Willmott:
lower classes copy lifestyles of those above them until gradually it becomes their style of living.