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Flashcards in Religion - Religious Organizations Deck (19)
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1

LBUSIWHM

large
born into it
upper class
state
ideologically conservative
withdrawal
hierarchy
monopoly of truth

2

Who identified denominations under Troeltsch’s scheme, and what LBUSIWHM do they have?

Neibhur, L, B,H, I, W

3

Bruce’s problems with Troeltsch’s church

1. Large X - Brierly says englad has 1mil and catholic has 800k

2. no M

3. not always I, therefore not always S. (Roman Catholic Church opposed communism in L america)

4

Sects by Troeltsch and Roy Wallis

T = nothin but M

W= “deviant groups that claim to be uniquely legitimate”

5

Roy Wallis’s categorization of churches

Uniquely legitimate versus pluralistically legitimate

respectable versus deviant

6

Alan Aldridge on sects and deniminations

Differs with context for example Mormons in the US versus in Britain

7

Cults: who says what

Bruce
highly Individualistic expression
personal experience and interpretations
lacks a Fixed Doctrine

8

Bruce on sects

sects Are a result of breaking from larger churches due to social conflicts

9

Example of Sects

Peoples temple of America in 1970 when Jim Jones created a commune Jonestown which practice Marxist ideology

the members died after taking Cyanide

10

Wallis’s world rejecting movements

Definite concept of God
Critical of the outside world
Seek change
Sharp break from conventional life

11

World accommodating new religious movements

They are offshoots or branches of existing churches for example Neo Pentecostalists

Concerned with religious questions

Seek to restore spiritual purity

12

World affirming new religious movements

No church God for collective ritual

focuses on spiritual powers and personal achievement

Little control over members

13

Critique Wallis (3)

Beckford argues that the categories are difficult to apply our believes or the individual out looks more important

There may be a diversity of veiws within a sept or cult

Stark & Bainbridge against typology

14

Stark and Bainbridge on cults and sects

They can only be measured by the degree of conflict between them and wider society

15

Max Weber on the growth of Colts

Marginal groups in society seek a theodicy of disprivilege

That is a religious justification for their dis privilege

16

Relative deprivation who says what

Wallis says that despite middle-class backgrounds few more spiritually deprived

Stark agrees and believes that the relatively deprived are likely to break away

Maguire says relative deprivation makes conditions necessary for cults

17

Social change and the growth of SECTS

Bryan Wilson-response to Rapids social change example the thought is him as a response of the working class to chaos of industrialization

Agreed by Andrew Dawson

18

Steve Bruce on the growth of CULTS

secularization equals weak religion equals consideration of alternatives

When people dislike commitment CULTS become more popular

19

Dawson and the supply side of new religious movements

Movements should effectively use the Internet or other recruitment methods

Must draw upon prevailing political rhetoric

Present themselves positively in society