Flashcards in Family- Nuclear "Universality" Deck (7)
Murdock's OG Survey
250 "representative families" which concluded that "nuclear families are universal human grouping"
conclusions based on:
+strucutral convergeance: "families move towards nuclear-ness, because modernization is inevitable across all societies"
+dominance: "if not a movement, then nuclear structures are automatically more popular"
What other idea helps "convergeance" claims of nuclear family theorists?
The Fit Thesis, supported by Talcott Parsons, Goode and Skolnick.
Parsons: nuclear families are born to the demands of industiral societies
Goode: nuclear families are best suited to modern societies
Skolnick: same thing, ++ best suited to give children love in an increasingly impersonal world
Murdock's claim to universality DESPITE diversity
Single Parenthood? "broken nuclear"
Polygamous/ Extended? "has a nuclear core"
Evidence of matrifocality
Gough's study of Nayars in Kerala: matrilineal, women have numerous lovers that live in separate rooms of their house, and raise female children them with the help of their brothers.
New World Black Families: matrifocal: women have male visitors but rely on female kinship networks centered on grandmothers.
Evidence of Communes as alternative structures
Oneida Community, investigated by Hillebrand: complex marriage systems with community consent for cohabitation, did not allow for "Exclusive attachments"
Israeli Kibbutz: communal rearing of children, but monogamy is okay, but they live separately and do not share economic responsibilities as required by nuclar families
"Flexible families" ?
Stated by Hareven:
"families have always been able to nuclear, or sometimes have an additional member" (even the same exact family at different times)