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Flashcards in feeding the cat Deck (24):
1

cats mouth

jaws have no lateral movement
molars arevertically oriented

2

crepusular

feeding is peaked at dawn and dusk

3

cats really need

taurine, argenine, vitamin a, vitamin b, (niacin), vitamin d, arachadonic acid from animal proteins

to eat 10-20 meals per day

double the amount of protein dogs have

4

cats lack

salvitory amylase
have a shorter intestinal track
their enzymes are not adaptive
lack deoxygenase enzyme in intestines to make vitamin a
cannot make ornithine or citruline in the gi track causing the urea cycle to malfunction so needs arginine.

5

without arg

hyperamonemia

6

cats can't make taurine efficiently from

cys and met because gets conjugaed in bile acids

7

animal protein makes up

19% of their diet
must be in the first 2 dry ingrediants
must be in the first 3 wet ingrediants

8

cats will eat what percent of carbs naturally?

7%

9

fat does not contribute to the thermic effect of food so it is ___ times more energy dense

2.25x

10

cats can adapt to an atkins type diet within

2-3 months

11

cats can't eat carbs much because

lack sucrose taste buds
llow sucrase and lactse
low amylase
low fructokinase and glucokinase
causes fructosuria
Glucokinase does not increase in response to feeding increased carbs
gluconeogenesis in cat livers is not inhibited by increse in blood glucose

12

cats need high amounts of:

vitamin a (no dioxygenase enzyme)
vitamin d
niacin(from an animal source)

13

vitamin k is needed when

on antibiotics long term

14

calcium and phosphorus reported as

a common deficiency in an all meat diet

15

needs 3 times more

sodium

16

magnesium must be

mg0
a rat has about 15mg/100kg

17

all meat diets cause

hyperparathyroidism
too high in protein, low in calcium and high in phos

18

feeding tuna

vitamin e deficiency
def in essential vit and min
thiaminase and other b vitamins are destroyed and leads to hiain deficiency
appetite loss, anorexia, neurologic signs: wrist/foot drop, loss of tendon reflexes, parestheisa in arms and legs, motor weakness.

19

polioencephalommalacia

screwed up thiamine metabolism
after acidosis or braken fern ingestion, or high sulfer diets or amprolium

20

common problems of homade diets

hyperparathyroidism from too much protein
vitamin a and d can be in excess and harm liver
microminteral deficiency
potential thiamin deficiency

21

do cats energy needs increase after conception

yes

22

weening schedule

day before: no food
weening day: 1/4 der
day after: 1/2 der
2nd day after: 3/4 der
3rd day after: full der

23

kittens

gain 50-100 g/ week
feed growth/lactation food at 3 weeks
wean kittens at 8-10 weeks
free choice feed

24

after neutering

decreased der by 25%
increased food intake
decreased insulin sensitivity can lead to diabetes if not monitored