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Flashcards in feeds Deck (11):
1

what is in a plant

fats/lipids
crude protein
non-fiber carb
fiber: hemicelulose
fiber: cellulose and lignin
ash

2

ADF

acid detergent fiber
cellulose n lignin

3

NDF

neutral detergent fiber
cellulose n lignin and hemicellulose

4

types of plant feeds

dry forages
wet forages
byproducts
grains
protein concentrates
lipid sources

5

what are silages and halages

whole plant is harvested nd chopped into small pieces, usually in vegetative state (corn will be mature)
packed tightly without air
covered
anaerobic environment, acidic

6

Forages: Hay

must be cut early, vegetative
less cellulose and lignin
more digestable
higher protein
legumes and grasses
stored dry greater than 85% dry matter
if wet it will mold

7

grains

seeds
corn, wheat, oats barley, sorghm, millet, rice
high energy high stach, highly digestable
dietary energy

8

protein concentrates

seed of plant such as legumes and oilseeds
soybeans, cottonseed, rapeseed, sunflower seeds
following extraction of oils...the "meal"
a byproduct of other process
some animal byproducts

9

byproduct feeds

leftover of human food chain
beet pulp, citrus pulp, bakery waaste, potato waste, brewers grais, alond hulls, etc

10

Minerals

macrominerals: ca, p, k, mg, na, s, cl
microminerals: se cu fe I zn mn co mo

11

vitamins

fat soluble (a,d, e,k)
water soluble (b vitamins)