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Flashcards in Intro Deck (32):
1

_____% of dog owners feed at least 75% of diet as commercial pet food

87%

2

____% of cat owners feed at least 75% of diet as commercial pet food

95%

3

Where is the most pet food sold?

Grocery stores, then petco/petsmart then petstores

4

Top manufactuerer

Mars/Royal Canin

5

Whats the role of the Vet in nutrition

1. Nutrition counseling-healthy pet, disease prevention, tx nutrition
2. The link bw pet food manufacturer and pet owner
3. Pet food sales
95% of pet owners say the vet is the source of pet care info

6

What are the dietary goals for the vet?

1. quality of life
2. longevity
3. performace
4. disease prevention/wellness programs

7

What is an Essential Nutrient

indispensable and thebdy cannot synthesize
ex. taurine in cats

8

What is Conditinally Essential Nutrient?

required during certain physiologic or pathogenic conditions
ex. carbs during gestation, lactation or growth

9

What is a NonEssential Nutrient

dispensabe- the body can produce (the precursers can synthesize)

10

What can happen with too many nutrients?

Toxicity--brain edima

11

Food is dried to a constant weight which leads to

Dry Matter: the remainder
Moisture: what is lost as moisture

12

Foods nitrogen content is determined and ___ is crude protein

.16

13

What food is extracted with a fat solvent, usually ether, what occurs/?

What remains is digested in acid and then alkai
What is lost is Crude Fat
Then: What remains is burned,what is lost is soluble carbs and proteins
Last: what is left is Ash and what is lost is Crude Fiber

14

How to calculate the Digetable Carbs or NFE

(Moisture + Fat + Protein+ Ash or minerals)-from 100

15

what is not included in NFE or digestable carbs

Crude Fiber

16

Most overweight diets are

nutrient deficient

17

Feeding a se amount of food to meet an animals energy req will

meet the animals non-energy nutrient req

18

1kcal=

4.184 kJ

19

Gross energy is broken down into

Digestable Energy and Energy lost in feces

20

Digestable Energy breaks down into

Metabolizable Energy and Energy lost in urineand gases fromtheGi

21

Which has the highest energy density: fat, cho, protein, or fiber

Fat (CHO and protein are about the same nd fiber has none.)

22

What happens to the energy density "atwater"

lower guestamate of metabolizable energy

23

Resting Energy Requirement (RER) is the

base line metabolism.
70(ideal body wt in kg)^.75 or 30(ideal body wt in kg)+70

24

Daily Energy Req (DER) in kcal

RER x maintenance factor
maintenance factor vairies according to age, repro status, environment, species,activity level

25

How to determine the food dose

Energy Requirement(DER)/energy density of the food
ED ofthe food is provided by the manufactorer
this will tell you how many cups per day for your indiv pet

26

Does an 8oz cup equal 8oz of weight?

No. it is about 3.5 oz of weight

27

Most dogs need ___% of metabolizable energy to maintain weight

100

28

Water is the most impo of all nutrients and used for...

1. Solvent-transportation of dissolved substances
2. Needed for hydrolysis Rxn- breaking down carbs, proteins, and lipids
3. Regulation of body temp- it has a high spec heat
4. gives shape and resiliance to the body

29

Water is ___ % of the body

40-80%
lean body mass has more water.

30

Adipose tissue is made up of ___ % water and __% lipid

10-15 water and 75-80 lipid

31

Water req can be affected by

body surface area, environment, type and amt of food, health, stress, exercise, lactation,

32

What is the daily water req

RERx 1.6 for dogs
RERx 1.2 for cats