Flashcards in Intro Deck (32):
_____% of dog owners feed at least 75% of diet as commercial pet food
____% of cat owners feed at least 75% of diet as commercial pet food
Where is the most pet food sold?
Grocery stores, then petco/petsmart then petstores
Whats the role of the Vet in nutrition
1. Nutrition counseling-healthy pet, disease prevention, tx nutrition
2. The link bw pet food manufacturer and pet owner
3. Pet food sales
95% of pet owners say the vet is the source of pet care info
What are the dietary goals for the vet?
1. quality of life
4. disease prevention/wellness programs
What is an Essential Nutrient
indispensable and thebdy cannot synthesize
ex. taurine in cats
What is Conditinally Essential Nutrient?
required during certain physiologic or pathogenic conditions
ex. carbs during gestation, lactation or growth
What is a NonEssential Nutrient
dispensabe- the body can produce (the precursers can synthesize)
What can happen with too many nutrients?
Food is dried to a constant weight which leads to
Dry Matter: the remainder
Moisture: what is lost as moisture
Foods nitrogen content is determined and ___ is crude protein
What food is extracted with a fat solvent, usually ether, what occurs/?
What remains is digested in acid and then alkai
What is lost is Crude Fat
Then: What remains is burned,what is lost is soluble carbs and proteins
Last: what is left is Ash and what is lost is Crude Fiber
How to calculate the Digetable Carbs or NFE
(Moisture + Fat + Protein+ Ash or minerals)-from 100
what is not included in NFE or digestable carbs
Most overweight diets are
Feeding a se amount of food to meet an animals energy req will
meet the animals non-energy nutrient req
Gross energy is broken down into
Digestable Energy and Energy lost in feces
Digestable Energy breaks down into
Metabolizable Energy and Energy lost in urineand gases fromtheGi
Which has the highest energy density: fat, cho, protein, or fiber
Fat (CHO and protein are about the same nd fiber has none.)
What happens to the energy density "atwater"
lower guestamate of metabolizable energy
Resting Energy Requirement (RER) is the
base line metabolism.
70(ideal body wt in kg)^.75 or 30(ideal body wt in kg)+70
Daily Energy Req (DER) in kcal
RER x maintenance factor
maintenance factor vairies according to age, repro status, environment, species,activity level
How to determine the food dose
Energy Requirement(DER)/energy density of the food
ED ofthe food is provided by the manufactorer
this will tell you how many cups per day for your indiv pet
Does an 8oz cup equal 8oz of weight?
No. it is about 3.5 oz of weight
Most dogs need ___% of metabolizable energy to maintain weight
Water is the most impo of all nutrients and used for...
1. Solvent-transportation of dissolved substances
2. Needed for hydrolysis Rxn- breaking down carbs, proteins, and lipids
3. Regulation of body temp- it has a high spec heat
4. gives shape and resiliance to the body
Water is ___ % of the body
lean body mass has more water.
Adipose tissue is made up of ___ % water and __% lipid
10-15 water and 75-80 lipid
Water req can be affected by
body surface area, environment, type and amt of food, health, stress, exercise, lactation,