Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Female Reproductive System Deck (41):
1

Reproductive structures in either sex, male or female, typically include the following basic structures:

Gonads (testis, ovaries), accessory glands and organs, external genitalia.

2

Each _____ produces oocytes and hormones

ovary

3

Each _______ produces milk

mammary gland

4

Each _________ delivers an oocyte or embryo to the uterus; they are the normal sites of fertilization

uterine tube

5

The _________ is the site of fetal development

uterus

6

The ______ is the sire of sperm deposition, the birth canal during delivery and is a passageway for fluids during menstruation

vagina

7

___________ lubricate the entrance to the vagina and the external genitalia

accessory glands

8

The _____ contains erectile tissue and produces pleasurable sensations during sexual activity

clitoris

9

The _____ contain glands that lubricate the entrance to the vagina

labia

10

_______ extends between the uterine tube and the ovary stabilizing the position of the ovary.

mesovarium

11

________ extends from the uterus to the medial surface of the ovary

ovarian ligament

12

_______ extends from the lateral surface of the ovary to the pelvic wall. The major blood vessels of the ovary are carried in this ligament.

suspensory ligament

13

________ is a mesentery that encloses the ovaries, uterine tubes and uterus attaching to the sides and floor of the pelvic cavity

broad ligament

14

At birth, the ovaries have about _______ primordial follicles. By puberty, only about _______ remain

2 million
400,000

15

During ______ cycles beginning at puberty, the cycle begins with a group of primordial follicles becoming activated.

ovarian

16

During ovarian cycles beginning at puberty, the cycle begins with a group of primordial follicles becoming activated. The follicle gradually changes to the point where a single secondary follicle becomes a ____________ from which an oocyte is ovulated.

vesicular (Graafian) follicle

17

The empty Graafian follicle collapses and forms the ________, which secretes hormones that prepare the uterus for pregnancy

corpus luteum

18

If fertilization does not occur, the _________ disintegrates and this marks the end of the ovarian cycle. A new ovarian cycle begins with the activation of another group of primordial follicles.

corpus luteum

19

______- outer serosa surface of the uterus; continuous with the peritoneal lining of the pelvic cavity

Perimetrium

20

What is myometrium

smooth muscle

21

What is endometrium

inner glandular lining; tissue composition changes during the course of the monthly uterine cycle

22

The uterine cycle begins with the onset of ______, in which the functional zone of the endometrium degenerates and is shed

menses

23

In the ___________, reorganization of the uterine glands occurs. By the time ovulation occurs, the functional zone is thick and glands are producing a glycogen-rich mucus that can be metabolized by an embryo in early stages

proliferative phase

24

In the ___________, glands enlarge and arteries supplying the uterine wall elongate and spiral. This phase lasts as long as the corpus luteum is intact; when it stops producing hormones, the next uterine cycle begins with the onset of menses

secretory phase

25

What days are menstruation days

1-6

26

What days are the pre-ovulation phase

7-12

27

What days are fertile days, ovulation

12-15

28

What days are the pre-menstrual phase

16-28

29

Hypothalamus releases ____________ to the anterior lobe of pituitary gland

gonadotropin-releasing hormone

30

Anterior pituitary releases _______________ and _____________

follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)

31

What effects does follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) have on ovaries

-follicle development
-production of estrogen

32

Luteinizing hormone (LH) has the following effects on the ovary:

-Ovulation
-Production of progesterone

33

The ovaries release_______ and _________

-Estrogens
-Progesterone

34

The ________ is an elastic, muscular tube extending between the cervix and the vestibule.

vagina

35

The vagina's 3 functions are

• Serves as a passageway for elimination of menstrual fluids

• Receives the male penis during sexual intercourse and holds sperm prior to passage into the uterus

• Forms the inferior portion of the birth canal through which the fetus passes during delivery

36

_____ contains erectile tissue; produces pleasurable sensations during sexual activity

clitoris

37

What 3 muscles make up the musculature of the urogenital triangle

1) Ischiocavernosus
2) Bulbospongiosus
3) Superficial transverse perineal

38

What is the vestibular bulb

erectile tissue similar to corpus spongiosum in the male

39

What is the vestibular gland

sercretes mucus similar to the bulbourethral glands in the male

40

Maternal _________ provide nourishment to infants over the initial period of adjustment to life outside the womb

mammary glands

41

__________ or milk production, is under the control of circulating hormones produced by the reproductive system

Lactation