Final Review Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Review Part 2 Deck (61):
0

Between which one of the following ranges of age is the incidence of Wilms tumor peak?

2 to 5

1

Bilateral renal enlargement is seen with which one of the following conditions?

Autosomal recessive kidney disease

2

The adrenal medulla in neonate appears as a(an)?
A. Hypoechoic central focus
B. Echogenic stripe
C. Isoechoic to adrenal cortex
D. Both a and c

B. Echogenic stripe

3

The left adrenal gland _________
A. Extends lateral to the kidney
B. Lies inferior to upper pole of kidney
C. Extends medial to kidney
D. Is ovoid in shape in longitudinal plane

C. Extends medial to kidney

4

Most common cause of bladder outlet obstruction in male neonate is?

Posterior urethral valve obstruction

5

Sonographic findings in adrenal hemorrhage of the neonate include all of the following conditions except?
A. Blunting of superior pole of underlying kidney
B. Ovoid enlargement of adrenal glad
C. Irregular shaped small gland
D. Complex echo texture

C. Irregular shaped small gland

6

Neuroblastoma is typically a malignant tumor of the ________.

Adrenal

7

Clinical signs of renal vein thrombosis in neonate include all the following except?
A. Renal enlargement
B. Hematuria
C. High platelet count
D. Proteinuria

C. High platelet count

8

Which one of the following genitourinary problems is commonly associated with prune belly?
A. Small bladder
B. Ureteral reflux
C. Chronic pyelonephritis
D. MCDK

B. Ureteral reflux

9

Which one of the following conditions occurs when fetus is stressed during a difficult delivery or hypoxic insult?
A. Renal hemorrhage
B. Acute renal failure
C. Adrenal hemorrhage
D. Urinary obstruction

C. Adrenal hemorrhage

10

The duplication of the uterus with a common cervix is a ________ uterus.

Bicornuate

11

Blood filled vagina and uterus is know as?

Hematometrocolpos

12

Which one of the following demonstrates a small and laterally positioned uterus?
A. Septate
B. Didelphys
C. Bicornuate
D. Unicornuate

D. Unicornuate

13

A fluid filled vagina is called?

Hydrocolpos

14

A duplication of the uterus, cervix, and vagina is a _________ uterus?

Didelphys

15

In which one of the following conditions May blood be seen in cervix and uterine cavities?

Vaginal atresia

16

Sonographic appearance of a cigar-shaped uterus that deviates to one side is a _________.

Unicornuate uterus

17

Early in development both sexes appear similar until the _____ week of gestation.

Ninth

18

Which of the following ducts forms most of the female genital tract?

Paramesonephric ducts

19

In newborn female the uterus is prominent with _______ endometrial lining?

Thickened hyperechoic

20

The uterus is supplied by the ________ arteries?

Internal iliac

21

Funds to cervix ratio in 10 year old girl is _______.

1:1

22

Congenital anomalies of uterus have a high association with which one of the following anomalies?

Renal

23

Types of mullerian abnormalities include all the following except:
A. Improper fusion
B. Incomplete development of one side
C. Incomplete vaginal canalizations
D. Improper location of vagina

D. Improper location of vagina

24

Which one of the following should be evaluated in children with precocious puberty?

Adrenal

25

Most common cause of female psuedohermaphrodites is

Congenital virilizing adrenal hyperplasia

26

The cranial parts of the paramesonephric ducts form the?

Uterine tubes

27

An anomaly of the uterus in which two closely spaced cavities are seen with only one fundus is?

Septate uterus

28

A differential diagnosis of ovarian teratoma may include which one of the following?
A. Hydrometrocolpos
B. Hematometrocolpos
C. Appendicitis
D. Urachal cyst

C. Appendicitis

29

Which one of the following uterine conditions has the highest incidence of fertility problems?

Septate uterus

30

The bilobed uterine cavity with wide-spaced cavities and a low incidence of fertility complications is which one of the following?
A. Didelphys uterus
B. Bicornuate uterus
C. Vaginal atresia
D. Unicornuate uterus

B. Bicornuate uterus

31

Ovarian size in neonate to postpubertal girl is the most accurate using?

Ovarian volume

32

Congenital anomalies occur in approximately what percent of female patients?

0.5

33

Errors in sexual development result in which of the following?

Ambiguous genitalia

35

Large ovarian cysts have a high incidence in infants of mothers of all of the following except:
A. Toxemia
B. Diabetes
C. DES exposure
D. Rh isoimmunization

C. DES exposure

36

Hip bones are the fusion of three separate bones, which of the following does not belong?

femur

37

The femur is surrounded by all of the following structures except:
a. Bursa
b. Muscles
c. Ligaments
d. Tendons

a. Bursa

38

Largest nerve in the upper thigh is?
(**note she would put anterior or posterior**)

sciatic nerve

39

The contents of the femoral triangle include all of the following structures except:

bursa

40

The articulation of the head of the femur with the acetabulum of the hip helps to form the ______.

hip joint

41

The ligament in the shape of an inverted "y" or "v" passing from the anterior infermoral iliac spine to each end of the trochanter line is the?
a. iliofemoral
b. obturator
c. femoral
d. gluteal

a. iliofemoral

42

When a person crosses his or her leg in a sitting position, which of the following muscle groups is used?

adduction

43

In the coronal neutral view, the sonographic findings of a frankly dislocated hip is which one of the following:
a. the femoral head rests against the acetabulum
b. the femoral head migrates laterally and superiorly with decreased coverage of the femoral head
c. the acetabular roof is irregular and angled
d. the labrum may be deformed

d. the labrum may be deformed

44

In the "push, pull" maneuver, which one of the following is seen in the normal hip in the coronal neutral view?

a. femoral head should never be over the acetabulum
(Didn't get the actual answer but this is what she said)

45

Indications for sonography of the neonatal hip include all of the following except:

sacral dimple

46

The hip of a normal infant has a graf angle of ________ degrees.

less than 60

47

The coronal neutral view of subluxed infant hip demonstrates which of the following?
a. irregular and angled acetabular roof
b. deformed labrum
c. femoral head gradually migrating superiorly and laterally with decreased coverage
d. femoral head resting against the bony acetabulum

c. femoral head gradually migrating superiorly and laterally with decreased coverage

48

Which one of the following hips gives the appearance of a "ball on a spoon" in the mid acetabulum in the coronal flexion view?

normal

49

Which one of the following describes the femoral head completely out of the acetabulum?
a. normal hip with abduction
b. dislocated hip
c. hip fracture
d. hip dysplasia

dislocated hip

50

Sonographic examination of the infant hip is performed with?

linear array transducer

51

Sonographic protocol of the basic hip anatomy is imaged in _______ different views?

four

52

A type IV hip has a alpha angle of and beta angle of?

less than 43; immesearable

53

The alpha angle is the angle between the _______ and the _______.

baseline; acetabular roof line

54

The beta angle is the angle between the _______ and the ________.

baseline, inclination line

55

In the ______ maneuver, down and out pressure is applied with the patient lying in supine position with the hip adducted and hip flexed 90 degrees.

Barlow

56

The greater saphenous vein connects with the femoral vein after passing through which one of the following structures?
a. femoral triangle
b. femoral opening
c. ingunial canal
d. saphenous opening

d. saphenous opening

57

The anterior thigh muscle is also known as which of the following?

extensor

58

The main arterial supply for the thigh muscles is the _______ artery.
a. common femoral
b. femoral
c. internal iliac
d. profunda femoris

d. profunda femoris

59

Which one of the following is moving sideways outward?
a. flexion
b. adduction
c. abduction
d. extension

c. abduction

60

The physical signs of DDH include all of the following except:
a. prominence of the trochanter
b. extreme abduction
c. shortening of the femur
d. asymmetry of gluteal skin folds

extreme abduction

61

With treatment of the hip displacement using Pavlik harness the hip should be placed in flexion, with abduction and _______.

external rotation