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Flashcards in Flashcards - 8 Deck (32):


law : the crime of telling a lie in a court of law after promising to tell the truth
Full Definition
: the voluntary violation of an oath or vow either by swearing to what is untrue or by omission to do what has been promised under oath : false swearing



ho·mi·cide\ˈhä-mə-ˌsīd, ˈhō-\
: the act of killing another person
Full Definition
1 : a person who kills another
2 : a killing of one human being by another
the missing man was thought to be the victim of a homicide, but his body was never found
throughout the ages society has stigmatized the homicide
Origin: in sense 1, from Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin homicida, from homo human being + -cida -cide; in sense 2, from Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin homicidium, from homo + -cidium -cide.
First use: 14th century
Synonyms: blood, foul play, murder, rubout, slaying



: an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, etc.
: a feeling of like or dislike for someone or something especially when it is not reasonable or logical
Full Definition
1 : injury or damage resulting from some judgment or action of another in disregard of one's rights; especially : detriment to one's legal rights or claims
2 a (1) : preconceived judgment or opinion (2) : an adverse opinion or leaning formed without just grounds or before sufficient knowledge
b : an instance of such judgment or opinion
c : an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics
synonyms see predilection
Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin praejudicium previous judgment, damage, from prae- + judicium judgment — more at judicial.
First use: 13th century
Synonyms: favor, nonobjectivity, one-sidedness, partiality, parti pris, partisanship, ply, bias, tendentiousness
Antonyms: impartiality, neutrality, objectivity, open-mindedness, unbiasedness
transitive verb
: to cause (someone) to have an unfair feeling of dislike for someone or something
: to have a harmful effect on (something, such as a legal case)
Full Definition
1 : to injure or damage by some judgment or action (as in a case of law)
2 : to cause to have prejudice(see 1prejudice )
Other forms: prej·u·diced; prej·u·dic·ing
The incident prejudiced consumers against the company.
The defense claims that the media coverage prejudiced the trial.
Origin: (see 1prejudice ).



1 : a low or downcast state : degradation
2 : the act of making abject : humbling, rejection
sees the corporate scandal as yet another sign of the general abjection of our society
First use: 14th century
Synonyms: corruption, corruptness, debasement, debauchery, decadence, decadency, degeneracy, degenerateness, degeneration, degradation, demoralization, depravity, dissipatedness, dissipation, dissoluteness, libertinage, libertinism, perversion, pervertedness, rakishness, turpitude



: a person who helps someone do something
: a soldier, citizen, or supporter of the Confederacy during the American Civil War
Full Definition
1 : ally, accomplice
2 capitalized : an adherent of the Confederate States of America or their cause
First use: 15th century
Synonyms: abettor (also abetter), accessory (also accessary), cohort, accomplice
transitive verb
: to unite in a confederacy
intransitive verb
: to band together
Other forms: con·fed·er·at·ed; con·fed·er·at·ing
con·fed·er·a·tive \-ˈfe-d(ə-)rə-tiv, -də-ˌrā-\ adjective
First use: 1531
Synonyms: associate, band (together), club, coalesce, cohere, ally, conjoin, cooperate, federate, league, unite



: talk that is not important or meaningful
: excitement and activity caused by something that is not important
Full Definition
1 a : a long parley usually between persons of different cultures or levels of sophistication
b : conference, discussion
2 a : idle talk
b : misleading or beguiling speech
Origin: Portuguese palavra word, speech, from Late Latin parabola parable, speech.
First use: 1735
Synonyms: argument, argumentation, argy-bargy [chiefly British], back-and-forth, colloquy, confab, confabulation, conference, consult, consultation, council, counsel, debate, deliberation, dialogue (also dialog), give-and-take, discussion, parley, talk
intransitive verb
1 : to talk profusely or idly
2 : parley
transitive verb
: to use palaver to : cajole
Other forms: pa·lav·ered; pa·lav·er·ing \pə-ˈla-və-riŋ, -ˈlä-; -ˈlav-riŋ, -ˈläv-\
First use: 1773
Synonyms: babble, blab, cackle, chaffer [British], chatter, chin [slang], converse, gab, gabble, gas, jabber, jaw, kibitz (also kibbitz), natter, chat, patter, prate, prattle, rap, rattle, run on, schmooze (or shmooze), talk, twitter, visit



: to persuade someone to do something or to give you something by saying nice things
Full Definition
transitive verb
1 : to influence or entice by soft words or flattery
2 : to gain or get by wheedling Examples
wheedled him into doing their work for them
Origin: origin unknown.
First use: circa 1661
Synonyms: blandish, blarney, cajole, palaver, soft-soap, sweet-talk, coax



res·ti·tu·tion\ˌres-tə-ˈtü-shən, -ˈtyü-\
: the act of returning something that was lost or stolen to its owner
: payment that is made to someone for damage, trouble, etc.
Full Definition
1 : an act of restoring or a condition of being restored: as
a : a restoration of something to its rightful owner
b : a making good of or giving an equivalent for some injury
2 : a legal action serving to cause restoration of a previous state
sought restitution from the other driver's insurance company for lost wages
Origin: Middle English restitucioun, from Anglo-French, from Latin restitution-, restitutio, from restituere to restore, from re- + statuere to set up — more at statute.
First use: 14th century
Synonyms: damages, indemnification, indemnity, quittance, recompense, recoupment, redress, remuneration, reparation, reprisal(s), requital, compensation, satisfaction



per·va·sive\pər-ˈvā-siv, -ziv\
: existing in every part of something : spreading to all parts of something
Full Definition
: existing in or spreading through every part of something
per·va·sive·ly adverb
per·va·sive·ness noun
Origin: (see pervade ).
First use: circa 1750



: to publicly say that you no longer have an opinion or belief that you once had
Full Definition
transitive verb
1 : to withdraw or repudiate (a statement or belief) formally and publicly : renounce
2 : revoke
intransitive verb
: to make an open confession of error
synonyms see abjure
re·can·ta·tion \ˌrē-ˌkan-ˈtā-shən\ noun
the Inquisition forced Galileo to recant his support of the Copernican observation that the earth revolves around the sun
Origin: Latin recantare, from re- + cantare to sing — more at chant.
First use: 1535
Synonyms: abnegate, forswear (also foreswear), abjure, renege, renounce, repeal, repudiate, retract, take back, unsay, withdraw



: the final part of something (such as a book, a play, or a series of events)
Full Definition
1 : the final outcome of the main dramatic complication in a literary work
2 : the outcome of a complex sequence of events
Variants: also dé·noue·ment \ˌdā-ˌnü-ˈmäⁿ, dā-ˈnü-ˌ\
Origin: French dénouement, literally, untying, from Middle French desnouement, from desnouer to untie, from Old French desnoer, from des- de- + noer to tie, from Latin nodare, from nodus knot — more at node.
First use: 1705



: to correct (something that is unfair or wrong)
Full Definition
1 a (1) : to set right : remedy (2) : to make up for : compensate
b : to remove the cause of (a grievance or complaint)
c : to exact reparation for : avenge
2 archaic
a : to requite (a person) for a wrong or loss
b : heal
synonyms see correct
re·dress·er noun
Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French redresser to set upright, restore, redress, from re- + dresser to set straight — more at dress.
First use: 14th century
2re·dress\ri-ˈdres, ˈrē-ˌ\
: something (such as money) that is given to someone to make up for damage, trouble, etc.
Full Definition
1 a : relief from distress
b : means or possibility of seeking a remedy
2 : compensation for wrong or loss : reparation
3 a : an act or instance of redressing
b : retribution, correction
Their lawyer has said that they intend to seek redress through the courts.
the new skis were certainly an adequate redress for the lost snowboard
First use: 14th century
Synonyms: damages, indemnification, indemnity, quittance, recompense, recoupment, compensation, remuneration, reparation, reprisal(s), requital, restitution, satisfaction



1 : relating to, produced by, or involving geometric projection
2 : of or relating to something that indicates the psychodynamic constitution of an individual
pro·jec·tive·ly adverb



: to protest or complain bitterly or vehemently : rail
in·veigh·er noun
always inveighing against the high property taxes that they were forced to pay
Origin: Latin invehi to attack, inveigh, passive of invehere to carry in, from in- + vehere to carry — more at way.



: causing or intended to cause harm
Full Definition
1 a : evil in nature, influence, or effect : injurious
b : malignant, virulent
2 : having or showing intense often vicious ill will : malevolent
synonyms see sinister
ma·lign·ly adverb
Origin: Middle English maligne, from Anglo-French, from Latin malignus, from male badly + gignere to beget — more at mal-, kin.
First use: 14th century
Synonyms: bad [slang], bitchy, catty, cruel, despiteful, malevolent, malicious, hateful, malignant, mean, nasty, spiteful, vicious, virulent
Antonyms: benevolent, benign, benignant, loving, unmalicious
transitive verb
: to say bad things about (someone or something) publicly : to criticize (someone or something) harshly or unfairly
Full Definition
: to utter injuriously misleading or false reports about : speak evil of
He has used his power for malign purposes.
both parties to the divorce showed a malign desire to make each other's future life utterly miserable
Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French maligner to act maliciously, from Late Latin malignari, from Latin malignus.
First use: 15th century
Synonym discussion: malign traduce asperse vilify calumniate defame slander mean to injure by speaking ill of. malign suggests specific and often subtle misrepresentation but may not always imply deliberate lying . traduce stresses the resulting ignominy and distress to the victim . asperse implies continued attack on a reputation often by indirect or insinuated detraction . slander stresses the suffering of the victim .



transitive verb
1 : to cause to waste away by or as if by excessive fasting
2 : to cause to become soft or separated into constituent elements by or as if by steeping in fluid; broadly : steep, soak
intransitive verb
: to soften and wear away especially as a result of being wetted or steeped
Other forms: mac·er·at·ed; mac·er·at·ing
mac·er·a·tion \ˌma-sə-ˈrā-shən\ noun
mac·er·a·tor \ˈma-sə-ˌrā-tər\ noun
garnished with cherries that had been macerated in liqueur
Origin: Latin maceratus, past participle of macerare to soften, steep.
First use: 1547
Synonyms: drench, drown, impregnate, soak, saturate, sodden, sop, souse, steep



intransitive verb
: to have a particular result
Full Definition
1 archaic : to become swollen : overflow
2 : to have an effect for good or ill
3 : to become transferred or added : accrue
4 : rebound, reflect
Origin: Middle English, from Middle French redunder, from Latin redundare, from re-, red- re- + unda wave — more at water.
First use: 14th century





: to make peevish or resentful : annoy
synonyms see irritate
Other forms: peeved; peev·ing
Origin: back-formation from peevish.
First use: 1910
: something that annoys someone
Full Definition
1 : a feeling or mood of resentment
2 : a particular grievance or source of aggravation
First use: 1911
Synonyms: aggravation, aggro [British], bother, botheration, bugbear, exasperation, frustration, hair shirt, hassle, headache, inconvenience, irk, irritant, nuisance, annoyance, pest, rub, ruffle, thorn, trial, vexation


Interpret vs reason

Interpret - translate
: to explain the meaning of (something)
: to understand (something) in a specified way
: to perform (something, such as a song or a role) in a way that shows your own thoughts and feelings about it


: a statement or fact that explains why something is the way it is, why someone does, thinks, or says something, or why someone behaves a certain way
: a fact, condition, or situation that makes it proper or appropriate to do something, feel something, etc.
: the power of the mind to think and understand in a logical way



: becoming angry or annoyed easily
Full Definition
: irritably or peevishly sensitive : touchy
Other forms: tetch·i·er; tetch·i·est
tetch·i·ly \-chə-lē\ adverb
tetch·i·ness \-chē-nəs\ noun
tetchy children
She was in a tetchy mood.
Origin: perhaps from obsolete tetch habit.
First use: 1592
Synonyms: huffy, touchy, thin-skinned, ticklish
Antonyms: thick-skinned


Bijou or bijoux

1 : a small dainty usually ornamental piece of delicate workmanship : jewel
2 : something delicate, elegant, or highly prized
Other forms: plural bijous or bi·joux \-ˌzhü(z)\
bijou adjective



1 a : a green or greenish-blue poisonous pigment resulting from the action of acetic acid on copper and consisting of one or more basic copper acetates
b : normal copper acetate Cu(C2H3O2)2·H2O
2 : a green or bluish deposit especially of copper carbonates formed on copper, brass, or bronze surfaces
Origin: Middle English vertegrese, from Anglo-French verdegrece, vert de Grece, literally, green of Greece.
First use: 14th century



1 a : an outer garment; especially : a robe of ceremony or office
b plural : clothing, garb
2 : a covering resembling a garment
3 : one of the articles of the ceremonial attire and insignia worn by ecclesiastical officiants and assistants as indicative of their rank and appropriate to the rite being celebrated
vest·men·tal \ves(t)-ˈmen-təl\ adjective
Origin: Middle English vestement, from Anglo-French, from Latin vestimentum, from vestire to clothe.
First use: 13th century





: the blue color of the sky
Full Definition
1 archaic : lapis lazuli
2 a : the blue color of the clear sky
b : the heraldic color blue
3 : the unclouded sky
azure adjective
the azure lake/sky/waters
Origin: Middle English asur, from Anglo-French azeure, probably from Old Spanish, modification of Arabic lāzaward, from Persian lāzhuward.
First use: 14th century



: a situation in which people of different social classes, religions, races, etc., are together in a society but continue to have their different traditions and interests
: the belief that people of different social classes, religions, races, etc., should live together in a society
Full Definition
1 : the holding of two or more offices or positions (as benefices) at the same time
2 : the quality or state of being plural
3 a : a theory that there are more than one or more than two kinds of ultimate reality
b : a theory that reality is composed of a plurality of entities
4 a : a state of society in which members of diverse ethnic, racial, religious, or social groups maintain and develop their traditional culture or special interest within the confines of a common civilization
b : a concept, doctrine, or policy advocating this state
plu·ral·ist \-list\ adjective or noun
plu·ral·is·tic \ˌplu̇r-ə-ˈlis-tik\ adjective
plu·ral·is·ti·cal·ly \-ti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb




Otiosity (indolent)

oti·ose\ˈō-shē-ˌōs, ˈō-tē-\
1 : producing no useful result : futile
2 : being at leisure : idle
3 : lacking use or effect : functionless
synonyms see vain
oti·ose·ly adverb
oti·ose·ness noun
oti·os·i·ty \ˌō-shē-ˈä-sə-tē, ˌō-tē-\ noun
since you haven't read the book, I suppose that it would be otiose to inquire what you thought of it
Origin: Latin otiosus, from otium leisure.
First use: 1794
Synonyms: abortive, barren, bootless, empty, fruitless, ineffective, ineffectual, inefficacious, futile, profitless, unavailing, unproductive, unprofitable, unsuccessful, useless, vain
Antonyms: deadly, effective, effectual, efficacious, efficient, fruitful, potent, productive, profitable, successful, virtuous



: to make (someone) confused or upset



1 a : of or relating to time as opposed to eternity
b : of or relating to earthly life
c : lay or secular rather than clerical or sacred : civil
2 : of or relating to grammatical tense or a distinction of time
3 a : of or relating to time as distinguished from space
b : of or relating to the sequence of time or to a particular time : chronological
tem·po·ral·ly adverb
Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French temporel, from Latin temporalis, from tempor-, tempus time.
First use: 14th century
: a bodily part (as a bone or muscle) that is near the temples or the sides of the skull behind the orbits : a temporal part
Origin: Middle French, from temporal, adjective (see 1temporal ).
First use: 1541
: of or relating to the temples or the sides of the skull behind the orbits
Origin: Middle French, from Late Latin temporalis, from Latin tempora temples.
First use: 1597



: to understand (an action, event, remark, etc.) in a particular way
: to understand the meaning of (a word, phrase, or sentence)