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Flashcards in France - Languedoc Deck (35):
1

Languedoc is divided into 3 parts.

What are they?  How do they differ?

Coastal Plains
-Highest yielding areas

Hillsides and Mountains
- "Slopes" -
-Syrah on the schist soils of Faugeres.
-Grenache on Belesta and Carignan on Fitou

Atlantic Corridor
-Here we find more Bordeaux varietals in 3 main AOP:
-Cabardes AOP: Cabardes has more Cab Sauv.
-Limoux AOP: has more Merlot.
-Malpere AOP: is Rd, and Rs from Bdx varieties.

2

3 Definitions of Garrigue?

1) Nutrient poor sedimentary limestone

2) Scrub vegetation

3) Aromatic profile of the wines

3

AOP of

Languedoc

{there are 20!!}

Languedoc AOP
(has 15 Geographical Designations)
(must be a blend of 2 varieties)

Clairette du Languedoc AOP

Cabardes AOP
(pronouced "Cah Bar Dezs")

Corbieres AOP

Corbieres-Boutenac AOP
("Cru" of Corbieres)

Faugeres AOP
(Schisct soil)

Fitou AOP
(Two areas: Maritime and Montagnieu)

Limoux AOP

Cremant de Limoux AOP

Malepere AOP

Minervois AOP

Minervois-La-Liviniere AOP
("Cru" of Minervois)

Picpoul de Pinet AOP

Saint Chinian AOP
(Berlou & Roquebrun are the other "Crus")

Muscat de Frontignan AOP
(aka: Frontignan, -or- Vin de Frontignan)

Muscat de Lunel AOP
(lightest style Muscat)

Muscat de Mireval AOP

Muscat de Saint-Jean-de-Minervois AOP

Terrases du Larzac AOP
(upgraded from GD to AOP in 2014)

La Clape AOP
(upgraded from GD to AOP in 2015)

4

What are the most recent AOP in Languedoc?

La Clape
(2015)

Terrases du Larzac
(2014)

Piquepoul de Pinet
(2013)

Malepere
(2007)

Corbieres-Boutenac
(2005)

Cabardes
(1999)

Minervois-La Liviniere
(1999)

5

What were the first AOP in Languedoc?

Muscat de Frontignan
(1936)

Limoux
- for sparkling wines -
(1938)

6

Languedoc AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

Red - White - Rose

White
Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne,
Bourboulenc, Clairette, Tourbat, Vermentino
Piquepoul Blanc (50% Max)
(must be 2 none >80%)

~60 hl/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Red - Rose
40% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre,
Lladoner Pelut
30% Max accessory Varietals

~50 hl/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

(can be Nouveau)

  • Has 12 Crus - each with their own rules, "50 shades of Gres"

7

Geographical Designations of

Languedoc AOP

* Some sources say these are "Districts"
* Some sources say these are "Crus" (do not confuse with the "4 Cru of Languedoc Region"

 Sommeliers Majorly Pick 50 shades of Grey
(Sommieres, La Mejanelle, Pic-St-Loup, Quatorze, Gres de Montpellier) 

==========

Sommieres - (Rd!)

La Mejanelle - (Rd!)
-within Gres de Montpellier

Quatourze - (Rd!)
- separated from the rest of Languedoc AOP
--this GD is down near Corbieres

Pic-St-Loup - (Rd, Rs)
-known for great acidity
-one of only 2 GD that is NOT Red Wine Only!

Gres de Montpellier - (Rd!)
-contains 4 other GD:
--Saint Christol; La Mejanelle; Saint Drezery;
   Saint Georges d'Orques
--"Crystal Majorly Dreads George's Orca"

Saint Christol - (Rd!)
-within Gres de Montpellier

Saint Drezery - (Rd!)
-within Gres de Montpellier

Saint Georges d'Orques - (Rd!)
-within Gres de Montpellier

Cabrieres - (Rd, Rs)
-one of only 2 GD that is NOT Red Wine Only!

Pezenas - (Rd!)

Montpeyroux - (Rd!)
-within Terrasses du Larzac AOP

Saint Saturnin - (Rd!)
-within Terrasses du Larzac AOP

====================

GD's upgraded to their own AOP since 2014:

La Clape - (Rd, W)
- upgraded in 2015

Terrasses du Larzac - (Rd!)
- upgraded in 2014
-huge diurnal temperature shift
-contains 2 Languedoc GD: 
--Montpeyroux; and Saint Saturnin

8

Geographical Designations of

Languedoc AOP
that are NOT Red Only!

Cabrieires
(Rd, Rs)

Pic-St-Loup
(Rd, Rs)

Note:
- La Clape was on this list but was upgraded to its own AOP in 2015

9

What Geographical Designations of

Languedoc AOP are inside

Gres de Montpelier?

(Crystal Majorly Dreads George's GREY Orca)

St Christol

La Mejanelle

St. Drezery

St. Georges d'Orques

10

Do IGPs of the Rhone and Languedoc overlap?

Yes

11

Where do you find Chardonnay in the Languedoc?

Only in Limoux

It is:

* required in Cremant de Limoux AOP - (50% min).

* allowed in Limoux AOP Blanc

* allowed in Limoua AOP Blanquette de Limoux - (10% Max)

12

What Geographical Designations of

Languedoc AOP are inside

Terrasses du Larzac?

Montpeyroux

St. Saturnin

13

What are the Two Parts of St. Chinian?

Saint Chinian Berlou
(in the West of Saint Chinian)
-30% min Carignan
-#1 of the 4 crus of the Languedoc

Saint Chinian Roquebrun
(in the East of Saint Chinian)
-Same cepage as regular Saint Chinian Rouge
-#2 of the 4 Cru of the Languedoc
-Twice the size of Berlou
-One main producer, a Co-op

Note:
The other two Crus of Languedoc are:
-Corbieres-Boutenac
-Minervois-La Livière

14

4 Cru of the Languedoc?

Corbieres Boutenac

Minervois La Liviniere
(at higher altitude than the rest of Minervois)

Saint Chinian Roquebrun

Saint Chinian Berlou

Note:
All of these "Cru" are Red Only!

15

Sparkling Wines of the Languedoc?

All are within the borders of Limoux!!

Cremant de Limoux AOP
-Traditional Method (as are all "Cremant de")
-80-90% combined Chardonnay (50% min) + Chenin Blanc (10-40%)
-20% Max combined Mauzac + PN (15% Max)
*9 months min on lees

Limoux AOP - Blanquette de Limoux
-Traditional Method
-90% min Mauzac
-10% Max Chenin Blanc
*9 months min on lees

Limoux AOP - Blanquette de Limoux Methode Ancestrale
-Single fermentaion in bottle
-Sweet Style - "Asti like"
--Usually harvested later to get sugars higher
-100% Mauzac
*2 months min on lees

==========

NOTE:
Limoux AOP rouge  is Merlot based

16

Cabardès AOP

(Rd, Rs)

Rouge - Rosé

40% min combined:
Cab Sauv, Cab Franc, Merlot

40% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah

also:
Cot, Cinsault, Fer

~50 hl/ha~

Rosé
~12% min ABV~

Rouge
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 4/15

17

Clairette du Languedoc AOP

(W, VdL)

Blanc
Rancio - Vin de Liqueur

100% Clairette

~50 hl/ha~

Blanc
12% min ABV

45 g/l Max RS

Rancio
~14% min ABV~

*3 years aging from 11/1

Vin de Liqueur
~21.5% min ABV~
{17% actual}

9-40g/l RS

Wine must be "fortified" before the end of harvest year.
(96° neutral grape spirit of 5-8% of total volume.)

===============

Note:
- This AOP is allowed in 12 communes which appear to be scattered all around Languedoc...
-- Adissan, Aspiran, Le Bosc, Cabrières, Ceyras, Fontés, Lieuran-Cabrières, Nizas, Paulhan, Péret, Saint-André-de-Sangonis

18

Corbières AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

Rouge - Blanc - Rosé

~50 hl/ha~

Blanc
40% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne,
Bourbelenc, Macabeu, Vermentino
(must use at least 2)

also:
Clairette, Muscat a Pettite Grains,
Picquepoul, Terret Blanc

~11.5% min ABV~

Rosé
40% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Llander Pelut, Carignan
(none more than 80%)

Rouge
(same as for Rosé)

~12% min ABV~

Note:
Corbieres has one region that can append its name:
Boutenac.  

It is Red Only!  

19

Corbières-Boutenac AOP

(Rd!)

Rouge Only!!

70% min combined:
Carignan (30-50%),
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre
(none more than 80%)

~45 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

(Carignan must be hand harvested)

20

What grape must be hand harvested in Corbieres-Boutenac?

Carignan

Note:
- It is the most important grape of the "Cru" appelation of Boutenac.
- Must be between 30-50% of the blend

21

Faugères AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

Pronounced: "Faux - Gheres"

Rouge - Blanc - Rosé

~12% min ABV~

Soil:
Schist

Blanc
Majority combined:
Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne,
Vermentino
(must be 2)

also:
Clairette, Viognier

~45 hl/ha~

Rosé
50% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Cinsault, Carignan
(none more than 80%)
(G, S, or M must be used)

~50 hl/ha~

Rouge
(same for Rosé)

~45 hl/ha~

Note:
- Carignan here will often go through Carbonic Fermentation to soften the tannins.

22

Fitou AOP

(Rd!)

Rouge Only!!

50% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Carignan
(none more than 80%)

~45 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Is comprised of two distinct areas that are not connected:
-Maritime: close to the coast.

-Haut Fitou/Montagnieu:  higher elevation, and inland.

23

Limoux AOP

(Rd, W, Spk)

Rouge - Blanc
Blanquette - Ancestrale

Blanc
Mauzac, Chenin Blanc, Chardonnay
(must be barrel fermented!)

~50 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Rouge
45-70% Merlot

20% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Cot

35% Max combined:
Cab Sauv, Cab Franc

~50 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Metode Ancestrale
100% Mauzac

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Single fermentation inside bottle.
No Tirage - No Dosage

*2 months min on lees
3 bars min pressure

Blanquette de Limoux
(Traditional Method!)
90% min Mauzac
10% Max combined:
Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc

~60 hl/ha~
~9.5% min ABV~

*9 months min on lees
3.5 bars min pressure

Note:
Cremant de Limoux is 20% Max Mauzac

24

Cremant de Limoux

(Spk!)

Sparkling Only!!

80-90% combined:
Chardonnay (50-80%)
Chenin Blanc (10-40%)

20% Max combined:
Mauzac, Pinot Noir (15% Max)

~70 hl/ha~
~9.5% min ABV~

*9 months min on lees
*12 months min aging from date of tirage
3.5 bars min pressure

100 Liters / 150 kg Max press yield

Note:
Blanquette is 90% min Mauzac.
Ancestrale is 100% Mauzac.

25

Malepère AOP

(Rd, Rs)

Means: "Bad Stones"
because you cannot build with it.

This AOP is freakish because it is Languedoc,
but it is primarily Bordeaux Varietals

Rouge - Rosé

~50 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Rosé
40% min Cab Franc

20% min combined:
Cab Sauv, Merlot, Cot,
Cinsault, Grenache

Rouge
40% min Merlot

20% min combined:
Cab Franc, Cot

also:
Llander Pelut, Cinsault, Grenache

26

Minervois AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

Rouge - Blanc - Rosé

~48 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Blanc
80% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne,
Macabeu, Bourboulenc, Vermentino

10% Max Muscat a Petite Grains

Rosé
50% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre,
Cinsault, Carignan
(none more than 80%)

10% Max white varieties

Rouge
50% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre,
Cinsault, Carignan
(none more than 80%)

Note:
Minervois has one region that can append its name:
La Livinière

It is Red Only!  

27

Minervois-La Livinière AOP

(Rd!)

Rouge Only!!

80% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre,
Cinsault, Carignan

~45 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

28

Picpoul de Pinet AOP

(W!)

Blanc Only!!

100% Picpoul
(aka: Picquepoul)

~55 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Was a G.D. of Languedoc AOP.
Granted its own AOP in 2013.

29

Saint-Chinian AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

Rouge - Blanc - Rosé
BerlouRoquebrun

Blanc
Majority combined:
Grenache Blanc (required!),
Marsanna, Roussanne, Vermentino
(none more than 70%)

~45 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Rosé
Majority combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Llander Pelut

~50 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Rouge
(same as Rosé)

~45 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Roquebrun
(same as Rouge/Rosé)

~40 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

Berlou
40% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Llander Pelut
10% min Carignan

~40 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

30

4 Muscats of the Languedoc?

Muscat de Lunel 

Muscat de Mireval
-most elegant

Muscat de Frontignan
(aka: Frontignan -or- Vin de Frontignan)
-makes both VdN or VdL

Muscat de Saint Jean de Minervois
-lightest style by far due to cooler climate
-highest required min RS of all VdN (125 g/l)

31

What is Muscat de Nöel?

----------

What AOP of Languedoc can produce it?

A Muscat that must be bottled by December in the year it was produced.

-----

In Languedoc it is made in:
- Muscat de Saint Jean de Minervois AOP
- Muscat de Lunel AOP

32

Muscat de Frontignan AOP

(VdL, VdN)

Vin de Liqueur - Vin Doux Naturel

100% Muscat a Petite Grains Blanc

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

Vin de Liqueur
234 g/l min Must Weight
185 g/l min RS

(fotified before fermentation)

Vin Doux Naturel
252 g/l min Must Weight
110 g/l min RS

(fortified after fermentation)

33

Muscat de Lunel AOP

(VdN!)

Vin Doux Naturel Only!!

100% Muscat a Petite Grains Blanc

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
110 g/l min RS

There is also a Muscat de Nöel made here.
-must bottled before 12/1

34

Muscat de Mireval AOP

(VdN!)

Vin Doux Naturel Only!!

100% Muscat a Petite Grains Blanc

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
110 g/l min RS

35

Muscat de Saint-Jean-de-Minervois AOP

(VdN!)

Vin Doux Naturel Only!!

100% Muscat a Petite Grains Blanc

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
125 g/l min RS

-----

Muscat de Nöel is made here.
-must bottled before 12/1

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